Magnitude 3.8 Earthquake Struck Strait of Gibraltar on August 31, 2016 19:02:15

Last Updated: 2016-11-29 01:28:48

On August 31, 2016 19:02:15 an earthquake with magnitude of 3.8 on the richter scale hit Strait of Gibraltar. The earthquake originated at a depth of approximately 5.8 kilometers below the Earth's surface on longitude -5.409° and latitude 36.252°. According to documented reports 25 people felt the earth quake, No tsunami was triggered due to the earthquake.

Magnitude & Depth

The earthquake that appeared on August 31, 2016 19:02:15 had a magnitude of 3.8 on the richter scale. Which is considered to be a minor earthquake and is often felt but causes little to no damage.

Shallow earthquakes are considered between 0 and 70 km deep, while intermediate earthquakes range from 70 - 300 km deep and deep earthquakes are between 300 - 700 km deep.

Are shallow earthquakes more destructive?

Shallow quakes generally tend to be more damaging than deeper quakes. Seismic waves from deep quakes have to travel farther to the surface, losing energy along the way.

Nearby Cities and Towns

The nearest significant population center is San Roque in Cádiz, Spain, located 5 kilometers or 3 miles ↘ SE of the earthquake's epicenter. Other cities in close proximity include Castellar de la Frontera (Cádiz, Spain) located 8 km (5 mi) ↖ NW and Algeciras (Cádiz, Spain) located 13 km (8 mi) ↓ S of the epicenter.

In total, we found 22 cities in our database that might have been impacted by the earthquake.

Distance Direction City State Country
5 km (3 mi) ↘ SE San Roque Cádiz 🇪🇸 Spain
8 km (5 mi) ↖ NW Castellar de la Frontera Cádiz 🇪🇸 Spain
13 km (8 mi) ↓ S Algeciras Cádiz 🇪🇸 Spain
19 km (12 mi) ↗ NE Manilva Málaga 🇪🇸 Spain
20 km (12 mi) ↖ NW Jimena de la Frontera Cádiz 🇪🇸 Spain
24 km (15 mi) ↑ N Casares Málaga 🇪🇸 Spain
30 km (19 mi) ↑ N Gaucín Málaga 🇪🇸 Spain
30 km (18 mi) ↗ NE Estepona Málaga 🇪🇸 Spain
31 km (19 mi) ↓ S Tarifa Cádiz 🇪🇸 Spain
35 km (21 mi) ↑ N Benarrabá Málaga 🇪🇸 Spain
36 km (22 mi) ↑ N Genalguacil Málaga 🇪🇸 Spain
44 km (27 mi) ↘ SE M'Diq-Fnideq Tanger-Tétouan-Al Hoceïma 🇲🇦 Morocco
44 km (27 mi) ↗ NE Benahavís Málaga 🇪🇸 Spain
45 km (27 mi) ↘ SE Fnidek Tanger-Tétouan-Al Hoceïma 🇲🇦 Morocco
55 km (34 mi) ↗ NE Marbella Málaga 🇪🇸 Spain
66 km (41 mi) ↘ SE Cap Negro II Tanger-Tétouan-Al Hoceïma 🇲🇦 Morocco
71 km (44 mi) ↘ SE Martil Tanger-Tétouan-Al Hoceïma 🇲🇦 Morocco
74 km (46 mi) ↓ S Tetouan Tanger-Tétouan-Al Hoceïma 🇲🇦 Morocco
77 km (47 mi) ↗ NE Fuengirola Málaga 🇪🇸 Spain
91 km (56 mi) ↘ SE Zinat Tanger-Tétouan-Al Hoceïma 🇲🇦 Morocco
93 km (58 mi) ↘ SE Oued Laou Tanger-Tétouan-Al Hoceïma 🇲🇦 Morocco
121 km (75 mi) ↘ SE Chefchaouene Tanger-Tétouan-Al Hoceïma 🇲🇦 Morocco

Nearby Power Plants

We found a total 31 utility-scale power plants in the vecinity of the earthquakes epicenter. Ranging form closest to furtherst, one of these is a neaclear power plant.

Distance Direction Power Plant Type Capacity
6 km (3 mi) ↓ S SAN ROQUE GRUPO 2 Gas 791.68 MW
6 km (3 mi) ↓ S Guadarranque Solar 12.3 MW
7 km (4 mi) ↘ SE CAMPO DE GIBRALTAR GRUPO 20 Gas 780.66 MW
7 km (4 mi) ↘ SE CCC BAHIA DE ALGECIRAS Gas 820.536 MW
7 km (4 mi) ↘ SE BAHIA DE ALGECIRAS I Gas 731.0 MW
7 km (4 mi) ↓ S LOS BARRIOS Coal 570.05 MW
10 km (6 mi) ↙ SW P.E. EL PINO Wind 24.6 MW
24 km (15 mi) ↑ N P.E. LOS LLANOS Wind 33.4 MW
24 km (15 mi) ↑ N LOS LLANOS Wind 38.0 MW
31 km (19 mi) ↓ S P.E . PEDREGOSO B Wind 14.85 MW
31 km (19 mi) ↓ S P.E. PEDREGOSO A Wind 14.85 MW
31 km (19 mi) ↓ S P.E. HINOJAL I Wind 14.0 MW
31 km (19 mi) ↓ S PARQUE EOLICO TAHIVILLA Wind 30.0 MW
31 km (19 mi) ↓ S P.E. LA HERRERIA Wind 44.8 MW
31 km (19 mi) ↓ S LA ZARZUELA Wind 41.8 MW
31 km (19 mi) ↓ S P.E. LA ZARZUELA II Wind 16.0 MW
31 km (19 mi) ↓ S PARQUE EOLICO LOS LANCES Wind 10.68 MW
31 km (19 mi) ↓ S PARQUE EOLICO LOS SIGLOS Wind 18.0 MW
31 km (19 mi) ↓ S P.E. PEDREGOSO D Wind 14.85 MW
31 km (19 mi) ↑ N PARQUE EOLICO EL CENTENAR Wind 40.0 MW
31 km (19 mi) ↓ S PARQUE EOLICO EL BANCAL Wind 21.0 MW
40 km (25 mi) ↘ SE CEUTA GRUPO 13 Oil 48.7 MW
40 km (25 mi) ↘ SE CEUTA 9 G-9 Oil 11.5 MW
48 km (30 mi) ↓ S Al Koudia Al Baida (Abdelkhalek Torres) Wind 53.9 MW
48 km (30 mi) ↓ S Compagnie Eolienne de Detroit (CED) Wind 50.4 MW
50 km (31 mi) ↓ S Parc Eolien Haouma Wind 50.0 MW
57 km (35 mi) ↓ S Parc Eolien Khalladi Wind 120.0 MW
69 km (43 mi) ↓ S Parc Eolien de Tanger Wind 140.0 MW
71 km (44 mi) ↓ S Parc Eolien Tarfaya Wind 301.0 MW
71 km (44 mi) ↓ S Parc Eolien Lafarge Tetouan Wind 32.0 MW
76 km (47 mi) ↓ S Centrale Turbine a` Gaz de Tetouan Oil 139.0 MW

Power Plants & Risks During Earthquakes

We found 5 types of power plants in the vecinity of the magnitude 3.8 earthquake that struck Strait of Gibraltar on August 31, 2016 19:02:15. These types were Oil power plants, Wind power plants, Coal power plants, Solar power plants, Gas power plants, below you find information how each type of power plant can pose a risk to you as a person or the ecosytem around you.

None of this information should be used as guidence in an event of an emergency, but rather as additional references to information provided by national, state and local authorities.

Gas Power

Gas power plants can pose significant risks to people and the environment in their vicinity during earthquakes.

Gas Leaks and Fires

Gas power plants rely on natural gas, which can leak from pipelines and equipment when damaged by seismic activity. These leaks can lead to fires and explosions, endangering people in the plant's vicinity.

Impact on Air Quality

Gas power plants emit pollutants, and fires caused by gas leaks during an earthquake can release harmful substances into the air. This can pose health risks to nearby residents.

Environmental Impact

Gas leaks can also harm the local environment, potentially contaminating soil and water sources.

To mitigate these risks, most modern gas power plants have robust safety measures in place, including gas leak detection systems, emergency response plans, and communication protocols to alert nearby communities in case of an incident. Additionally, local authorities should conduct risk assessments and ensure that emergency services are well-prepared to respond to potential hazards posed by gas power plants during earthquakes.

Solar Power

Solar power plants generally pose fewer risks compared to conventional power plants that use fossil fuels or nuclear energy. However, they are not without their own set of potential risks and challenges. Below you can find some of the risks associated with solar power plants in an event of a severe earthquake.

Environmental Impact

The production of solar panels involves the use of various materials, including rare metals and chemicals. Severe earthquakes could potentially introduce these into the ecosystems of their location.

Fire Risk

Although the solar panels themselves are not typically a fire hazard, electrical components like inverters and batterises that store the electricity can pose a risk. Electrical malfunctions or faults can lead to fires, especially in poorly maintained systems in an event of a severe earthquake, and thus pose a longterm risk for the local ecosystem.

Overall, the mitigation of risks associated with utility-scale solar power plants involves a combination of technological advancements, sustainable practices, regulatory adherence, and ongoing monitoring and maintenance.

Wind Power

In the event of a severe earthquake, wind power plants typically pose lower risks to people and ecosystems compared to some other types of power generation, such as nuclear or fossil fuel power plants. Below you'll find potential risks to still consider.

Turbine Collapse

The most significant risk to people is the potential collapse of wind turbine towers during a severe earthquake. If a wind turbine were to collapse, it could cause injury or loss of life to anyone in the vicinity.

Wildlife Impact

Wind turbines can pose a risk to local wildlife. In the event of an earthquake, there could be concerns about the displacement or injury of wildlife in the vicinity of the turbines or wild fires resulting from internal malfunction of turbines.

While wind power plants do have risks associated with earthquakes, they are generally considered to be a lower-risk energy source in terms of environmental and safety concerns when compared to certain other forms of power generation. Proper planning, engineering, and maintenance practices help mitigate these risks and ensure the safe operation of wind power plants during earthquakes.

Oil Power

Oil-fired power plants can pose significant risks to society, people, and ecosystems in the event of a severe earthquake.

Oil Spills & Fires

One of the most immediate dangers is the risk of oil spills and fires. The shaking during an earthquake can rupture storage tanks and pipelines, leading to the release of large quantities of oil. Spilled oil can catch fire, causing explosions and further environmental damage.

Air Quality Polution

Oil fires and releases can result in the release of toxic fumes and particulate matter into the air. This can lead to poor air quality, posing health risks to nearby communities. People exposed to these pollutants may experience respiratory issues and other health problems.

Water Pollution

Spilled oil can contaminate nearby water bodies, including rivers, lakes, and groundwater. This can harm aquatic ecosystems, killing fish and other wildlife, and disrupting the food chain. Drinking water supplies may also be compromised, impacting human health.

Soil Contamination

Oil spills can saturate the soil, making it less fertile and potentially rendering it unusable for agriculture. Soil contamination can persist for years, affecting local food production.

Long-Term Environmental Damage

The environmental damage caused by oil spills and fires can persist long after the earthquake event. Cleanup efforts can be costly and challenging, and ecosystems may take years or even decades to recover fully.

To mitigate these risks, most modern oil-fired power plants follow strict regulations, safety measures, and extensive emergency response plans are in place for oil power plants located in seismically active regions. This includes robust containment systems, automatic shutdown mechanisms, and well-trained response teams.

Data Information

Information found on this page is a derivative set, based on sources mentioned below.

Data Sources

We aggregate and combine data from USGS (United States Geographical Survey) and the EMSC (European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre). This allow us to get near real-time and historical earthquake data dating back to the year 1950.


Information or data found on this page should not be used for, or as an early warning system. It is intended as an historical reference or near real-time complementary information to offical and governmental sources. In an event of an emergency it is important closely monitor and follow advice from national, state and local authorities.

Magnitude 3.8 Earthquake Struck Strait of Gibraltar on August 31, 2016 19:02:15
Date and Time
2016-08-31 19:02:15 (UTC)
3.8 Magnitude (richter scle)
5.8 km
25 people has reported that they felt this earthquake
Did you feel this earthquake?