Magnitude 4.0 Earthquake Struck San Juan, Argentina on January 07, 2023 01:58:42

Last Updated: 2023-03-11 22:51:44

On January 07, 2023 01:58:42 an earthquake with magnitude of 4.0 on the richter scale hit San Juan, Argentina. The earthquake originated at a depth of approximately 114.784 kilometers below the Earth's surface on longitude -68.508° and latitude -31.432°. According to documented reports people felt the earth quake, No tsunami was triggered due to the earthquake.

Magnitude & Depth

The earthquake that appeared on January 07, 2023 01:58:42 had a magnitude of 4.0 on the richter scale. Which is considered to be a minor earthquake and is often felt but causes little to no damage.

Shallow earthquakes are considered between 0 and 70 km deep, while intermediate earthquakes range from 70 - 300 km deep and deep earthquakes are between 300 - 700 km deep.

Are shallow earthquakes more destructive?

Shallow quakes generally tend to be more damaging than deeper quakes. Seismic waves from deep quakes have to travel farther to the surface, losing energy along the way.

Nearby Cities and Towns

The nearest significant population center is San Martín in San Juan, Argentina, located 0 kilometers or 0 miles ↗ NE of the earthquake's epicenter. Other cities in close proximity include Albardón (San Juan, Argentina) located 1 km (1 mi) ↙ SW and Chimbas (San Juan, Argentina) located 6 km (3 mi) ↓ S of the epicenter.

In total, we found 22 cities in our database that might have been impacted by the earthquake.

Distance Direction City State Country
0 km (0 mi) ↗ NE San Martín San Juan 🇦🇷 Argentina
1 km (1 mi) ↙ SW Albardón San Juan 🇦🇷 Argentina
6 km (3 mi) ↓ S Chimbas San Juan 🇦🇷 Argentina
6 km (3 mi) ↓ S Departamento de Chimbas San Juan 🇦🇷 Argentina
7 km (4 mi) ↓ S Villa Paula de Sarmiento San Juan 🇦🇷 Argentina
11 km (7 mi) ↓ S Departamento de Capital San Juan 🇦🇷 Argentina
11 km (7 mi) ↘ SE Departamento de Santa Lucía San Juan 🇦🇷 Argentina
12 km (7 mi) ↓ S San Juan San Juan 🇦🇷 Argentina
12 km (7 mi) ↘ SE Santa Lucía San Juan 🇦🇷 Argentina
18 km (11 mi) ↑ N Departamento de Albardón San Juan 🇦🇷 Argentina
20 km (12 mi) ↓ S Departamento de Rivadavia San Juan 🇦🇷 Argentina
25 km (15 mi) → E Departamento de San Martín San Juan 🇦🇷 Argentina
25 km (15 mi) ↙ SW Villa Basilio Nievas San Juan 🇦🇷 Argentina
26 km (16 mi) ↘ SE Departamento de Nueve de Julio San Juan 🇦🇷 Argentina
28 km (17 mi) ↘ SE Nueve de Julio San Juan 🇦🇷 Argentina
28 km (17 mi) ↓ S Pocito San Juan 🇦🇷 Argentina
30 km (18 mi) ↘ SE Departamento de Rawson San Juan 🇦🇷 Argentina
32 km (20 mi) ↘ SE Caucete San Juan 🇦🇷 Argentina
43 km (27 mi) ↗ NE Departamento de Angaco San Juan 🇦🇷 Argentina
46 km (28 mi) ↙ SW Departamento de Zonda San Juan 🇦🇷 Argentina
64 km (40 mi) ↓ S Departamento de Sarmiento San Juan 🇦🇷 Argentina
79 km (49 mi) → E Departamento de Caucete San Juan 🇦🇷 Argentina

Nearby Power Plants

We found a total 5 utility-scale power plants in the vecinity of the earthquakes epicenter. Ranging form closest to furtherst, one of these is a neaclear power plant.

Distance Direction Power Plant Type Capacity
9 km (5 mi) ↓ S PRESIDENTE SARMIENTO Gas 31.5 MW
16 km (10 mi) ← W SALTO GRANDE (MITAD ARGENTINA) Hydro 945.0 MW
23 km (14 mi) ↙ SW ULLUM Hydro 42.0 MW
61 km (38 mi) ↓ S CHIMBERA 1 Solar 2.0 MW

Power Plants & Risks During Earthquakes

We found 3 types of power plants in the vecinity of the magnitude 4.0 earthquake that struck San Juan, Argentina on January 07, 2023 01:58:42. These types were Solar power plants, Hydro power plants, Gas power plants, below you find information how each type of power plant can pose a risk to you as a person or the ecosytem around you.

None of this information should be used as guidence in an event of an emergency, but rather as additional references to information provided by national, state and local authorities.


Hydropower plants are generally considered as safe in many aspects, but when it comes to severe earthquakes they pose a substantial risk that can manifest in the form of dam faliours, landslides and grave impacts on surrounding ecosystems.

Dam Failure

The most significant risk is the potential failure of the dam that holds the water reservoir. Severe ground shaking can damage or breach the dam, leading to downstream flooding and as a result endangering people and wildlife living downstream. Such an event can also have severe impact on key infrastructure that cascades through society.


Earthquakes can trigger landslides in the areas surrounding hydropower plants, potentially damaging infrastructure and causing harm to nearby communities.

Damage to Aquatic Ecosystems

Both landslide and dam failures can have a severe impact on upstream and downstream aquatic wildlife, ecosystem and groundwater, resulting in longterm risks for people and industires living and operating in areas near the water supply.

To mitigate these risks, engineering and construction standards for hydropower plants often include earthquake-resistant designs. These designs incorporate measures such as flexible foundations, strengthened dam structures, and advanced monitoring systems to detect early signs of stress. Additionally, emergency plans and evacuation procedures should be in place to protect personnel and downstream communities in the event of a severe earthquake.

Gas Power

Gas power plants can pose significant risks to people and the environment in their vicinity during earthquakes.

Gas Leaks and Fires

Gas power plants rely on natural gas, which can leak from pipelines and equipment when damaged by seismic activity. These leaks can lead to fires and explosions, endangering people in the plant's vicinity.

Impact on Air Quality

Gas power plants emit pollutants, and fires caused by gas leaks during an earthquake can release harmful substances into the air. This can pose health risks to nearby residents.

Environmental Impact

Gas leaks can also harm the local environment, potentially contaminating soil and water sources.

To mitigate these risks, most modern gas power plants have robust safety measures in place, including gas leak detection systems, emergency response plans, and communication protocols to alert nearby communities in case of an incident. Additionally, local authorities should conduct risk assessments and ensure that emergency services are well-prepared to respond to potential hazards posed by gas power plants during earthquakes.

Solar Power

Solar power plants generally pose fewer risks compared to conventional power plants that use fossil fuels or nuclear energy. However, they are not without their own set of potential risks and challenges. Below you can find some of the risks associated with solar power plants in an event of a severe earthquake.

Environmental Impact

The production of solar panels involves the use of various materials, including rare metals and chemicals. Severe earthquakes could potentially introduce these into the ecosystems of their location.

Fire Risk

Although the solar panels themselves are not typically a fire hazard, electrical components like inverters and batterises that store the electricity can pose a risk. Electrical malfunctions or faults can lead to fires, especially in poorly maintained systems in an event of a severe earthquake, and thus pose a longterm risk for the local ecosystem.

Overall, the mitigation of risks associated with utility-scale solar power plants involves a combination of technological advancements, sustainable practices, regulatory adherence, and ongoing monitoring and maintenance.

Data Information

Information found on this page is a derivative set, based on sources mentioned below.

Data Sources

We aggregate and combine data from USGS (United States Geographical Survey) and the EMSC (European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre). This allow us to get near real-time and historical earthquake data dating back to the year 1950.


Information or data found on this page should not be used for, or as an early warning system. It is intended as an historical reference or near real-time complementary information to offical and governmental sources. In an event of an emergency it is important closely monitor and follow advice from national, state and local authorities.

Magnitude 4.0 Earthquake Struck San Juan, Argentina on January 07, 2023 01:58:42
Date and Time
2023-01-07 01:58:42 (UTC)
4.0 Magnitude (richter scle)
114.784 km
0 people has reported that they felt this earthquake
Did you feel this earthquake?