Global Electricity Demand per Capita

Global electricity demand per capita is a vital metric that sheds light on the average electricity needs of individuals within various regions and nations across the world. It quantifies the potential power requirements of a society on an individual average at a specific point in time, typically measured in watts or kilowatts per person. This metric serves as a crucial indicator of how societies and economies utilize electrical energy, showcasing disparities influenced by factors such as economic development, industrialization, and technological adoption.

  • In 2021, the global electricity demand per capita increased with 5.07%
  • Demand increased with 0.17 MWh per person in 2021 when compared to previous year.
  • Since 2000, the global demand for electricity per person has increased with 44.26%

Global Electricity Demand per Capita 2000-2021

Between the year 2000 and 2021 the global electricity demand per capita has increased from 2.44 MWh to 3.52 MWh, an increase of consumed Megawatt hours per person by 44.26% in a 21 year time period.

Year MWh per capita YoY change YoY absolute change
2000 2.44 %
2001 2.44 0.0% 0.0
2002 2.49 2.05% 0.05
2003 2.55 2.41% 0.06
2004 2.64 3.53% 0.09
2005 2.71 2.65% 0.07
2006 2.78 2.58% 0.07
2007 2.88 3.6% 0.1
2008 2.89 0.35% 0.01
2009 2.84 -1.73% -0.05
2010 3.0 5.63% 0.16
2011 3.06 2.0% 0.06
2012 3.1 1.31% 0.04
2013 3.15 1.61% 0.05
2014 3.19 1.27% 0.04
2015 3.19 0.0% 0.0
2016 3.23 1.25% 0.04
2017 3.29 1.86% 0.06
2018 3.39 3.04% 0.1
2019 3.4 0.29% 0.01
2020 3.35 -1.47% -0.05
2021 3.52 5.07% 0.17

What does per capita mean?

Per capita is a Latin word that translates to "by head." The term per capita is often used for statitical usecases and means "the average per person" or "per person". In our case, the total electricity demand for a region is calculated and devided by the inhabitant of said region, thus generating the per capita value.

What does YoY change mean?

Year over Year change (YoY change) measures the percentage of growth in an annualized metric across two comparable periods, in this case the current calendar year relative to the previous calendar year.

Formula:

YoY change = (final value – initial value) / initial value * 100

What does YoY absolute change mean?

Year over Year absolute change (YoY absolute change) refers to the simple difference in the indicator over two periods in time

Formula:

YoY absolute change = final value – initial value

Global Electricity Demand per Capita by Country in 2021

Country MWh per capita YoY change YoY absolute change
🇦🇫 Afghanistan 0.16 6.67% 0.01
🇦🇱 Albania 2.95 11.32% 0.3
🇩🇿 Algeria 1.75 4.79% 0.08
🇦🇸 American Samoa 3.55 9.23% 0.3
🇦🇴 Angola 0.48 -4.0% -0.02
🇦🇬 Antigua and Barbuda 3.76 5.62% 0.2
🇦🇷 Argentina 3.3 3.77% 0.12
🇦🇲 Armenia 2.4 4.35% 0.1
🇦🇼 Aruba 8.73 5.69% 0.47
🇦🇺 Australia 9.53 -2.46% -0.24
🇦🇹 Austria 8.35 4.24% 0.34
🇦🇿 Azerbaijan 2.4 5.73% 0.13
🇧🇸 Bahamas (the) 5.2 6.12% 0.3
🇧🇭 Bahrain 21.84 7.32% 1.49
🇧🇩 Bangladesh 0.51 4.08% 0.02
🇧🇧 Barbados 3.81 7.02% 0.25
🇧🇾 Belarus 4.55 22.64% 0.84
🇧🇪 Belgium 7.85 3.7% 0.28
🇧🇿 Belize 2.48 0.81% 0.02
🇧🇯 Benin 0.07 0.0% 0.0
🇧🇲 Bermuda 0.0 % 0.0
🇧🇹 Bhutan 4.88 23.54% 0.93
🇧🇴 Bolivia 0.88 7.32% 0.06
🇧🇦 Bosnia Herzegovina 3.86 9.66% 0.34
🇧🇼 Botswana 1.56 1.96% 0.03
🇧🇷 Brazil 3.2 6.67% 0.2
🇧🇳 Brunei Darussalam 10.53 5.72% 0.57
🇧🇬 Bulgaria 5.59 6.07% 0.32
🇧🇫 Burkina Faso 0.13 8.33% 0.01
🇧🇮 Burundi 0.04 0.0% 0.0
🇨🇻 Cabo Verde 0.77 4.05% 0.03
🇰🇭 Cambodia 0.74 -1.33% -0.01
🇨🇲 Cameroon 0.3 -3.23% -0.01
🇨🇦 Canada 15.41 3.08% 0.46
🇰🇾 Cayman Islands (the) 10.71 4.49% 0.46
🇨🇫 Central African Republic (the) 0.03 0.0% 0.0
🇹🇩 Chad 0.02 0.0% 0.0
🇨🇱 Chile 4.18 3.72% 0.15
🇨🇳 China 5.94 9.59% 0.52
🇨🇴 Colombia 1.58 2.6% 0.04
🇰🇲 Comoros (the) 0.17 6.25% 0.01
🇨🇩 Congo (the Democratic Republic of the) 0.12 -7.69% -0.01
🇨🇬 Congo (the) 0.69 2.99% 0.02
🇨🇰 Cook Islands (the) 2.94 25.11% 0.59
🇨🇷 Costa Rica 2.27 9.66% 0.2
🇨🇮 Cote d'Ivoire 0.35 0.0% 0.0
🇭🇷 Croatia 4.7 7.8% 0.34
🇨🇺 Cuba 1.76 6.67% 0.11
🇨🇾 Cyprus 4.12 5.1% 0.2
🇨🇿 Czechia 6.91 3.91% 0.26
🇩🇰 Denmark 6.48 6.06% 0.37
🇩🇯 Djibouti 0.53 0.0% 0.0
🇩🇲 Dominica 2.35 5.86% 0.13
🇩🇴 Dominican Republic (the) 1.58 4.64% 0.07
🇪🇨 Ecuador 1.76 2.33% 0.04
🇪🇬 Egypt 1.84 5.14% 0.09
🇸🇻 El Salvador 1.14 3.64% 0.04
🇬🇶 Equatorial Guinea 0.87 -1.14% -0.01
🇪🇷 Eritrea 0.12 0.0% 0.0
🇪🇪 Estonia 7.39 1.09% 0.08
🇸🇿 Eswatini 1.39 -0.71% -0.01
🇪🇹 Ethiopia 0.11 0.0% 0.0
🇫🇰 Falkland Islands (the) [Malvinas] 5.31 -0.56% -0.03
🇫🇴 Faroe Islands (the) 7.94 1.53% 0.12
🇫🇯 Fiji 1.22 1.67% 0.02
🇫🇮 Finland 16.13 6.4% 0.97
🇫🇷 France 7.83 4.68% 0.35
🇬🇫 French Guiana 0.0 % 0.0
🇵🇫 French Polynesia 2.3 5.02% 0.11
🇬🇦 Gabon 1.21 2.54% 0.03
🇬🇲 Gambia (the) 0.11 0.0% 0.0
🇬🇪 Georgia 3.8 13.43% 0.45
🇩🇪 Germany 6.75 2.58% 0.17
🇬🇭 Ghana 0.6 5.26% 0.03
🇬🇮 Gibraltar 0.0 % 0.0
🇬🇷 Greece 5.58 2.95% 0.16
🇬🇱 Greenland 10.67 1.33% 0.14
🇬🇩 Grenada 1.69 4.32% 0.07
🇬🇵 Guadeloupe 0.0 % 0.0
🇬🇺 Guam 10.67 6.17% 0.62
🇬🇹 Guatemala 0.82 6.49% 0.05
🇬🇳 Guinea 0.21 -12.5% -0.03
🇬🇼 Guinea-Bissau 0.04 0.0% 0.0
🇬🇾 Guyana 1.53 4.79% 0.07
🇭🇹 Haiti 0.09 12.5% 0.01
🇭🇳 Honduras 1.15 4.55% 0.05
🇭🇰 Hong Kong 6.38 4.42% 0.27
🇭🇺 Hungary 5.02 5.24% 0.25
🇮🇸 Iceland 52.01 1.54% 0.79
🇮🇳 India 1.22 8.93% 0.1
🇮🇩 Indonesia 1.13 4.63% 0.05
🇮🇷 Iran (Islamic Republic of) 4.03 5.5% 0.21
🇮🇶 Iraq 2.66 2.7% 0.07
🇮🇪 Ireland 6.66 3.58% 0.23
🇮🇱 Israel 7.48 0.27% 0.02
🇮🇹 Italy 5.56 6.51% 0.34
🇯🇲 Jamaica 1.54 6.21% 0.09
🇯🇵 Japan 7.69 -0.13% -0.01
🇯🇴 Jordan 1.97 6.49% 0.12
🇰🇿 Kazakhstan 5.93 4.22% 0.24
🇰🇪 Kenya 0.23 0.0% 0.0
🇰🇮 Kiribati 0.23 -4.17% -0.01
🇰🇵 Korea (the Democratic People's Republic of) 0.56 -3.45% -0.02
🇰🇼 Kuwait 16.76 9.19% 1.41
🇰🇬 Kyrgyzstan 2.22 -12.25% -0.31
🇱🇦 Lao People's Democratic Republic (the) 1.19 -11.85% -0.16
🇱🇻 Latvia 4.07 5.17% 0.2
🇱🇧 Lebanon 3.69 7.27% 0.25
🇱🇸 Lesotho 0.45 -2.17% -0.01
🇱🇷 Liberia 0.18 0.0% 0.0
🇱🇾 Libya 4.96 5.31% 0.25
🇱🇹 Lithuania 4.74 7.48% 0.33
🇱🇺 Luxembourg 10.87 2.55% 0.27
🇲🇴 Macao 8.42 5.25% 0.42
🇲🇬 Madagascar 0.07 0.0% 0.0
🇲🇼 Malawi 0.07 -22.22% -0.02
🇲🇾 Malaysia 5.18 2.57% 0.13
🇲🇻 Maldives 1.27 6.72% 0.08
🇲🇱 Mali 0.14 7.69% 0.01
🇲🇹 Malta 5.09 2.0% 0.1
🇲🇶 Martinique 0.0 % 0.0
🇲🇷 Mauritania 0.45 2.27% 0.01
🇲🇺 Mauritius 2.22 5.21% 0.11
🇲🇽 Mexico 2.68 2.29% 0.06
🇲🇩 Moldova 3.3 60.19% 1.24
🇲🇳 Mongolia 2.61 2.76% 0.07
🇲🇪 Montenegro 5.8 5.07% 0.28
🇲🇸 Montserrat 2.26 1.8% 0.04
🇲🇦 Morocco 1.14 8.57% 0.09
🇲🇿 Mozambique 0.51 4.08% 0.02
🇲🇲 Myanmar 0.39 -7.14% -0.03
🇳🇦 Namibia 1.49 -10.24% -0.17
🇳🇷 Nauru 3.2 -1.54% -0.05
🇳🇵 Nepal 0.3 -3.23% -0.01
🇳🇱 Netherlands 6.96 1.02% 0.07
🇳🇨 New Caledonia 11.68 6.18% 0.68
🇳🇿 New Zealand 8.46 -0.82% -0.07
🇳🇮 Nicaragua 0.87 7.41% 0.06
🇳🇪 Niger (the) 0.06 0.0% 0.0
🇳🇬 Nigeria 0.15 7.14% 0.01
🇳🇺 Niue 0.0 % 0.0
🇲🇰 North Macedonia 3.06 -15.7% -0.57
🇳🇴 Norway 24.72 0.12% 0.03
🇴🇲 Oman 8.09 7.01% 0.53
🇵🇰 Pakistan 0.65 6.56% 0.04
🇵🇸 Palestine, State of 1.38 1.47% 0.02
🇵🇦 Panama 2.45 -0.81% -0.02
🇵🇬 Papua New Guinea 0.49 2.08% 0.01
🇵🇾 Paraguay 1.79 -36.07% -1.01
🇵🇪 Peru 1.73 8.81% 0.14
🇵🇭 Philippines (the) 0.95 4.4% 0.04
🇵🇱 Poland 4.69 5.87% 0.26
🇵🇹 Portugal 5.27 2.33% 0.12
🇵🇷 Puerto Rico 5.6 6.87% 0.36
🇶🇦 Qatar 17.67 9.21% 1.49
🇷🇪 Reunion 0.0 % 0.0
🇷🇴 Romania 3.17 5.67% 0.17
🇷🇺 Russian Federation (the) 7.53 5.76% 0.41
🇷🇼 Rwanda 0.07 0.0% 0.0
🇸🇭 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 0.0 % 0.0
🇰🇳 Saint Kitts and Nevis 4.62 4.76% 0.21
🇱🇨 Saint Lucia 1.95 5.98% 0.11
🇵🇲 Saint Pierre and Miquelon 8.5 0.35% 0.03
🇻🇨 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1.53 6.99% 0.1
🇼🇸 Samoa 0.78 5.41% 0.04
🇸🇹 Sao Tome and Principe 0.45 -2.17% -0.01
🇸🇦 Saudi Arabia 9.91 5.65% 0.53
🇸🇳 Senegal 0.35 2.94% 0.01
🇷🇸 Serbia 5.17 3.82% 0.19
🇸🇨 Seychelles 6.11 7.38% 0.42
🇸🇱 Sierra Leone 0.03 0.0% 0.0
🇸🇬 Singapore 9.0 4.53% 0.39
🇸🇰 Slovakia 5.59 5.87% 0.31
🇸🇮 Slovenia 7.23 2.84% 0.2
🇸🇧 Solomon Islands 0.16 6.67% 0.01
🇸🇴 Somalia 0.02 0.0% 0.0
🇿🇦 South Africa 3.69 -0.54% -0.02
🇰🇷 South Korea 11.36 6.77% 0.72
🇸🇸 South Sudan 0.05 0.0% 0.0
🇪🇸 Spain 5.72 3.06% 0.17
🇱🇰 Sri Lanka 0.75 4.17% 0.03
🇸🇩 Sudan (the) 0.36 -2.7% -0.01
🇸🇷 Suriname 4.6 2.68% 0.12
🇸🇪 Sweden 13.97 4.33% 0.58
🇨🇭 Switzerland 7.29 1.82% 0.13
🇸🇾 Syrian Arab Republic (the) 0.77 2.67% 0.02
🇹🇼 Taiwan 12.06 3.79% 0.44
🇹🇯 Tajikistan 1.88 -1.57% -0.03
🇹🇿 Tanzania, the United Republic of 0.13 0.0% 0.0
🇹🇭 Thailand 3.01 4.15% 0.12
🇹🇱 Timor-Leste 0.4 2.56% 0.01
🇹🇬 Togo 0.17 0.0% 0.0
🇹🇴 Tonga 0.76 13.43% 0.09
🇹🇹 Trinidad and Tobago 5.72 5.73% 0.31
🇹🇳 Tunisia 1.66 6.41% 0.1
🇹🇷 Turkey 3.89 7.46% 0.27
🇹🇲 Turkmenistan 2.87 5.9% 0.16
🇹🇨 Turks and Caicos Islands (the) 5.99 6.02% 0.34
🇺🇬 Uganda 0.09 -10.0% -0.01
🇺🇦 Ukraine 3.53 6.33% 0.21
🇦🇪 United Arab Emirates 14.48 6.31% 0.86
🇬🇧 United Kingdom 4.92 1.44% 0.07
🇺🇸 United States of America 12.44 2.13% 0.26
🇺🇾 Uruguay 4.3 14.06% 0.53
🇺🇿 Uzbekistan 1.81 4.02% 0.07
🇻🇺 Vanuatu 0.22 -4.35% -0.01
🇻🇪 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 3.34 1.52% 0.05
🇻🇳 Viet Nam 2.53 3.27% 0.08
🇻🇬 Virgin Islands (British) 4.5 6.89% 0.29
🇻🇮 Virgin Islands (U.S.) 6.99 9.73% 0.62
🇪🇭 Western Sahara 0.0 % 0.0
🇾🇪 Yemen 0.11 10.0% 0.01
🇿🇲 Zambia 0.85 16.44% 0.12
🇿🇼 Zimbabwe 0.61 0.0% 0.0

Global Electricity Demand per Capita by Region in 2021

Country MWh per capita YoY change YoY absolute change
🗺️ Africa 0.6 1.69% 0.01
🗺️ Asia 3.18 7.43% 0.22
🗺️ EU 6.47 4.52% 0.28
🗺️ Europe 6.18 4.39% 0.26
🗺️ G20 4.77 5.76% 0.26
🗺️ G7 9.64 2.01% 0.19
🗺️ Latin America and Caribbean 2.6 4.84% 0.12
🗺️ Middle East 4.63 4.75% 0.21
🗺️ North America 12.74 2.08% 0.26
🗺️ Oceania 6.85 -2.14% -0.15
🗺️ OECD 7.88 2.47% 0.19
🗺️ World 3.52 5.07% 0.17

Electricity Demand vs Electricity Consumption

It's important to not conflate the two, electircity demnad represents how much electricity an entity, country or region need in a moment of time. While electricity consumption represents how much electricity is used over a period of time. Electricity demand is measured in kilowatt (kW) while electricity consumption is measured as kilowatt-hours (kWh).

Data Information

Data found on this page is a derivative of Ember-Climate Yearly electricity data.

Data Sources

Ember-Climate

Ember-Climate Yearly Electricity Data

This dataset contains yearly electricity generation, capacity, emissions, import and demand data for over 200 geographies. Data is collected from multi-country datasets (EIA, Eurostat, BP, UN) as well as national sources (e.g China data from the National Bureau of Statistics).

Data Disclaimer

People at database.earth has not verified data entry and collection processes in person. We take all open data provided by governmental and non-governmental organization at face value.

This data is the foundation for most content and visualization found on this page. If you find errors in the representation of the data, please contact us and we will correct it.

All data from sources is archived for future reference.