Periodic Table: Elements with a Solid State

Selected Elements

Atomic # Element State Type
3 Lithium Solid Alkali Metal
4 Beryllium Solid Alkaline Earth Metal
5 Boron Solid Metalloid
6 Carbon Solid Reactive Nonmetal
11 Sodium Solid Alkali Metal
12 Magnesium Solid Alkaline Earth Metal
13 Aluminum Solid Post-transition Metal
14 Silicon Solid Metalloid
15 Phosphorus Solid Reactive Nonmetal
16 Sulfur Solid Reactive Nonmetal
19 Potassium Solid Alkali Metal
20 Calcium Solid Alkaline Earth Metal
21 Scandium Solid Transition Metal
22 Titanium Solid Transition Metal
23 Vanadium Solid Transition Metal
24 Chromium Solid Transition Metal
25 Manganese Solid Transition Metal
26 Iron Solid Transition Metal
27 Cobalt Solid Transition Metal
28 Nickel Solid Transition Metal
29 Copper Solid Transition Metal
30 Zinc Solid Transition Metal
31 Gallium Solid Post-transition Metal
32 Germanium Solid Metalloid
33 Arsenic Solid Metalloid
34 Selenium Solid Reactive Nonmetal
37 Rubidium Solid Alkali Metal
38 Strontium Solid Alkaline Earth Metal
39 Yttrium Solid Transition Metal
40 Zirconium Solid Transition Metal
41 Niobium Solid Transition Metal
42 Molybdenum Solid Transition Metal
43 Technetium Solid Transition Metal
44 Ruthenium Solid Transition Metal
45 Rhodium Solid Transition Metal
46 Palladium Solid Transition Metal
47 Silver Solid Transition Metal
48 Cadmium Solid Transition Metal
49 Indium Solid Post-transition Metal
50 Tin Solid Post-transition Metal
51 Antimony Solid Metalloid
52 Tellurium Solid Metalloid
53 Iodine Solid Reactive Nonmetal
55 Cesium Solid Alkali Metal
56 Barium Solid Alkaline Earth Metal
57 Lanthanum Solid Lanthanide
58 Cerium Solid Lanthanide
59 Praseodymium Solid Lanthanide
60 Neodymium Solid Lanthanide
61 Promethium Solid Lanthanide
62 Samarium Solid Lanthanide
63 Europium Solid Lanthanide
64 Gadolinium Solid Lanthanide
65 Terbium Solid Lanthanide
66 Dysprosium Solid Lanthanide
67 Holmium Solid Lanthanide
68 Erbium Solid Lanthanide
69 Thulium Solid Lanthanide
70 Ytterbium Solid Lanthanide
71 Lutetium Solid Lanthanide
72 Hafnium Solid Transition Metal
73 Tantalum Solid Transition Metal
74 Wolfram Solid Transition Metal
75 Rhenium Solid Transition Metal
76 Osmium Solid Transition Metal
77 Iridium Solid Transition Metal
78 Platinum Solid Transition Metal
79 Gold Solid Transition Metal
81 Thallium Solid Post-transition Metal
82 Lead Solid Post-transition Metal
83 Bismuth Solid Post-transition Metal
84 Polonium Solid Post-transition Metal
85 Astatine Solid Noble Gas
87 Francium Solid Alkaline Earth Metal
88 Radium Solid Actinide
89 Actinium Solid Actinide
90 Thorium Solid Actinide
91 Protactinium Solid Actinide
92 Uranium Solid Actinide
93 Neptunium Solid Actinide
94 Plutonium Solid Actinide
95 Americium Solid Actinide
96 Curium Solid Actinide
97 Berkelium Solid Actinide
98 Californium Solid Actinide
99 Einsteinium Solid Actinide
100 Fermium Solid Actinide
101 Mendelevium Solid Actinide
102 Nobelium Solid Actinide
103 Lawrencium Solid Actinide

History of the Periodic Table

The periodic table was first started by the russian cheist Dimitri Mendeleev in 1869 as a way of arranging chemical elements by its atomic mass. He designed the table to be extenisble and leave room for future discoveries of elements.

In 1869 Russian chemist Dimitri Mendeleev started the development of the periodic table, arranging chemical elements by atomic mass. He predicted the discovery of other elements, and left spaces open in his periodic table for them. In 1886 French physicist Antoine Bequerel first discovered radioactivity.

Common Questions

How old is the periodic table?

The periodic table was first conseved by Dimitri Mendeleev in 1869 and has seen many updates since then. Thus, the periodic table has existed for 155 years, to date.

When was the first element discovered?

Copper was the very first element on today's periodic table to be discovered by humanity. It was discovered by the early Mesopotamians in 9000 B.C. They first used copper primarily for tools, weapons, ornaments and later coins used for trading.

What is the latest added element to the periodic chart?

The periodic table was last updated in 2016 with four new chemical elements. These four elements are number 113 Nihonium, 115 Moscovium, 117 Tennessine and 118 Oganesson. They were discovered by research groups from Japan, Russia, and the United States.

Is there an element 119 on the periodic table?

How are elements on the periodic table sorted?

Elements in the periodic table are arranged in order of increasing atomic (proton) number. Elements with the same number of electron shells are arranged in the horizontal rows. While elements with similar properties are arranged in vertical columns.