๐Ÿ—บ๏ธ Population of Africa

1,494,993,924
Current Population of Africa
34,869,463
Net population growth this year
50.59
Population Density (people/kmยฒ)

As of July 1, 2024 the population of Africa reached 1,494,993,924, of which 746,624,855 people are male and 748,369,069 female. The country has a population density of 50.5903 people per square kilometer. With an overall population growth rate of 2.333% for the year. According to the latest data, Africa is set to increase its population size by 34,869,463 people next year. Making the total population count of Africa 1,494,993,924 people by 2024.

Historic Population of Africa (1950 - 2024)

Between 1950 and 2024 the population of Africa grown from 227,549,258 people to 1,494,993,924. An increase of the population size by 557.0% in 73 years.

Year Total Male Female People +/- Density (p/kmยฒ) Growth Rate
1950 227,549,258 113,474,172 114,075,086 4,857,894 7.7002 2.135%
1951 232,483,994 115,915,005 116,568,989 5,011,579 7.8672 2.156%
1952 237,586,060 118,442,586 119,143,474 5,192,552 8.0399 2.186%
1953 242,837,448 121,050,757 121,786,691 5,310,223 8.2176 2.187%
1954 248,244,771 123,736,856 124,507,915 5,504,423 8.4006 2.217%
1955 253,847,728 126,517,772 127,329,956 5,701,491 8.5902 2.246%
1956 259,631,382 129,391,794 130,239,588 5,865,818 8.7859 2.259%
1957 265,515,232 132,316,624 133,198,608 5,901,882 8.985 2.223%
1958 271,429,558 135,255,066 136,174,492 5,926,769 9.1851 2.184%
1959 277,648,187 138,347,887 139,300,300 6,510,489 9.3956 2.345%
1960 284,287,856 141,648,180 142,639,676 6,768,849 9.6202 2.381%
1961 291,177,557 145,072,446 146,105,111 7,010,554 9.8534 2.408%
1962 298,334,053 148,643,271 149,690,783 7,302,439 10.0956 2.448%
1963 305,755,225 152,354,424 153,400,801 7,539,904 10.3467 2.466%
1964 313,465,702 156,213,228 157,252,473 7,881,049 10.6076 2.514%
1965 321,446,986 160,210,875 161,236,111 8,081,519 10.8777 2.514%
1966 329,658,041 164,310,857 165,347,184 8,340,593 11.1556 2.53%
1967 338,159,594 168,537,692 169,621,902 8,662,512 11.4432 2.562%
1968 346,980,009 172,921,524 174,058,485 8,978,319 11.7417 2.588%
1969 356,070,247 177,440,711 178,629,536 9,202,155 12.0493 2.585%
1970 365,450,108 182,099,528 183,350,581 9,557,568 12.3668 2.615%
1971 375,085,855 186,907,774 188,178,080 9,713,925 12.6928 2.59%
1972 384,930,392 191,840,126 193,090,266 9,975,149 13.026 2.592%
1973 395,212,021 196,990,490 198,221,531 10,588,110 13.3739 2.679%
1974 406,068,836 202,443,528 203,625,308 11,125,521 13.7413 2.74%
1975 417,556,630 208,219,735 209,336,895 11,850,066 14.13 2.838%
1976 429,572,939 214,245,694 215,327,245 12,182,552 14.5367 2.836%
1977 441,701,411 220,326,309 221,375,102 12,074,392 14.9471 2.734%
1978 454,462,679 226,710,255 227,752,424 13,448,144 15.3789 2.959%
1979 467,975,884 233,467,835 234,508,049 13,578,267 15.8362 2.902%
1980 481,542,773 240,359,042 241,183,731 13,555,510 16.2953 2.815%
1981 495,655,336 247,452,278 248,203,058 14,669,616 16.7729 2.96%
1982 510,540,229 254,754,624 255,785,604 15,100,169 17.2766 2.958%
1983 525,335,030 261,944,640 263,390,391 14,489,436 17.7772 2.758%
1984 540,182,783 269,103,588 271,079,195 15,206,068 18.2797 2.815%
1985 555,652,630 276,521,745 279,130,885 15,733,627 18.8032 2.832%
1986 571,646,426 284,345,525 287,300,900 16,253,963 19.3444 2.844%
1987 588,079,706 292,570,166 295,509,540 16,612,598 19.9005 2.825%
1988 604,511,226 300,763,206 303,748,020 16,250,443 20.4565 2.688%
1989 621,167,635 309,076,481 312,091,154 17,062,374 21.0202 2.747%
1990 638,157,236 317,582,074 320,575,162 16,916,829 21.5951 2.651%
1991 655,040,493 326,028,019 329,012,474 16,849,683 22.1664 2.572%
1992 671,931,548 334,385,192 337,546,356 16,932,428 22.738 2.52%
1993 689,139,958 342,813,212 346,326,747 17,484,393 23.3204 2.537%
1994 706,488,294 351,326,525 355,161,769 17,212,278 23.9074 2.436%
1995 724,331,670 360,078,737 364,252,932 18,474,474 24.5112 2.551%
1996 742,764,748 369,120,095 373,644,653 18,391,682 25.135 2.476%
1997 761,224,444 378,288,926 382,935,519 18,527,710 25.7597 2.434%
1998 779,908,035 387,638,242 392,269,793 18,839,472 26.3919 2.416%
1999 799,099,340 397,213,955 401,885,384 19,543,137 27.0414 2.446%
2000 818,952,057 407,147,292 411,804,765 20,162,298 27.7132 2.462%
2001 839,463,871 417,423,020 422,040,851 20,861,330 28.4073 2.485%
2002 860,611,461 428,032,134 432,579,328 21,433,851 29.1229 2.491%
2003 882,349,262 438,961,087 443,388,176 22,041,751 29.8585 2.498%
2004 904,781,335 450,234,265 454,547,070 22,822,394 30.6176 2.523%
2005 927,898,100 461,839,139 466,058,961 23,411,137 31.3999 2.523%
2006 951,740,272 473,825,139 477,915,133 24,273,205 32.2067 2.551%
2007 976,461,444 486,272,001 490,189,443 25,169,139 33.0433 2.578%
2008 1,001,981,281 499,111,276 502,870,004 25,870,536 33.9068 2.582%
2009 1,028,200,282 512,282,943 515,917,339 26,567,465 34.7941 2.584%
2010 1,055,233,397 525,866,142 529,367,255 27,498,766 35.7089 2.606%
2011 1,082,675,800 539,676,243 542,999,558 27,386,041 36.6375 2.53%
2012 1,110,797,234 553,822,182 556,975,052 28,856,826 37.5891 2.598%
2013 1,140,180,580 568,590,646 571,589,934 29,909,866 38.5835 2.623%
2014 1,170,299,023 583,740,914 586,558,109 30,327,021 39.6027 2.592%
2015 1,201,107,938 599,298,326 601,809,613 31,290,809 40.6452 2.605%
2016 1,232,111,604 614,883,174 617,228,429 30,716,521 41.6944 2.493%
2017 1,263,333,733 630,519,659 632,814,074 31,727,738 42.7509 2.512%
2018 1,295,265,049 646,554,743 648,710,306 32,134,894 43.8315 2.481%
2019 1,327,701,163 662,826,918 664,874,245 32,737,334 44.9291 2.466%
2020 1,360,677,231 679,360,412 681,316,818 33,214,801 46.045 2.441%
2021 1,393,676,444 695,883,355 697,793,088 32,783,625 47.1617 2.352%
2022 1,426,736,305 712,430,907 714,305,397 33,336,095 48.2805 2.337%
2023 1,460,481,772 729,334,577 731,147,196 34,154,839 49.4224 2.339%
2024 1,494,993,924 746,624,855 748,369,069 34,869,463 50.5903 2.333%

Statements that can be derived from Africa's population data

  • Africa has a population of 1,494,993,924 people, as of July 1, 2024.
  • Africa's population is equivalent to 18.69% of the total world population.
  • In 2024, Africa's population will grow with 34,869,463 people.
  • In 2024, 518,394 more people will emigrate from Africa than immigrate to the country.
  • The median age of the population in Africa is 18.95 years.
  • In Africa there are 50.59 people per square kilometers (0.386102 square miles), if spaced out evenly.
  • 42.42 infants die at birth out of a 1000 new born in Africa.
  • In Africa, 746,624,855 of the total population are male, and 748,369,069 are female.

Future Population of Africa (2024 - 2100)

Africa's population is set to incease in the future from 1,494,993,924 people to 3,924,420,614 people. An increase of the population size by 1624.65% from 2024 to 2100.

Year Total Male Female People +/- Density (p/kmยฒ) Growth Rate
2024 1,494,993,924 746,624,855 748,369,069 34,869,463 50.5903 2.333%
2025 1,530,031,247 764,170,259 765,860,988 35,205,184 51.7759 2.301%
2026 1,565,426,616 781,884,937 783,541,679 35,585,554 52.9737 2.273%
2027 1,601,202,762 799,780,397 801,422,365 35,966,738 54.1844 2.246%
2028 1,637,345,106 817,848,953 819,496,152 36,317,950 55.4074 2.218%
2029 1,673,845,126 836,085,951 837,759,174 36,682,090 56.6426 2.192%
2030 1,710,666,359 854,473,148 856,193,211 36,960,375 57.8886 2.161%
2031 1,747,785,516 872,998,548 874,786,969 37,277,941 59.1447 2.133%
2032 1,785,223,386 891,672,315 893,551,071 37,597,799 60.4116 2.106%
2033 1,822,964,744 910,487,458 912,477,286 37,884,917 61.6887 2.078%
2034 1,861,003,225 929,440,465 931,562,760 38,192,044 62.976 2.052%
2035 1,899,296,806 948,509,614 950,787,192 38,395,118 64.2718 2.022%
2036 1,937,777,711 967,660,686 970,117,026 38,566,692 65.574 1.99%
2037 1,976,448,546 986,894,558 989,553,988 38,774,977 66.8826 1.962%
2038 2,015,305,954 1,006,209,614 1,009,096,341 38,939,840 68.1975 1.932%
2039 2,054,303,343 1,025,582,340 1,028,721,004 39,054,938 69.5172 1.901%
2040 2,093,408,427 1,044,996,086 1,048,412,342 39,155,230 70.8405 1.87%
2041 2,132,617,526 1,064,448,860 1,068,168,666 39,262,970 72.1673 1.841%
2042 2,171,875,608 1,083,912,971 1,087,962,638 39,253,193 73.4958 1.807%
2043 2,211,166,983 1,103,380,103 1,107,786,880 39,329,556 74.8254 1.779%
2044 2,250,478,962 1,122,843,558 1,127,635,404 39,294,401 76.1557 1.746%
2045 2,289,760,656 1,142,277,805 1,147,482,852 39,268,989 77.485 1.715%
2046 2,328,998,686 1,161,675,968 1,167,322,719 39,207,071 78.8128 1.683%
2047 2,368,191,007 1,181,036,850 1,187,154,157 39,177,570 80.1391 1.654%
2048 2,407,306,426 1,200,345,810 1,206,960,616 39,053,269 81.4627 1.622%
2049 2,446,293,956 1,219,576,917 1,226,717,038 38,921,789 82.7821 1.591%
2050 2,485,135,539 1,238,719,809 1,246,415,731 38,761,378 84.0965 1.56%
2051 2,523,769,525 1,257,743,482 1,266,026,043 38,506,594 85.4038 1.526%
2052 2,562,212,474 1,276,656,099 1,285,556,376 38,379,305 86.7047 1.498%
2053 2,600,475,602 1,295,464,011 1,305,011,590 38,146,949 87.9995 1.467%
2054 2,638,493,882 1,314,135,150 1,324,358,731 37,889,611 89.2861 1.436%
2055 2,676,268,187 1,332,670,215 1,343,597,972 37,659,000 90.5644 1.407%
2056 2,713,808,602 1,351,075,316 1,362,733,286 37,421,830 91.8347 1.379%
2057 2,751,105,347 1,369,345,697 1,381,759,650 37,171,660 93.0968 1.351%
2058 2,788,100,678 1,387,451,935 1,400,648,743 36,819,002 94.3487 1.321%
2059 2,824,746,220 1,405,370,074 1,419,376,146 36,472,082 95.5888 1.291%
2060 2,861,079,511 1,423,119,773 1,437,959,738 36,194,500 96.8183 1.265%
2061 2,897,140,195 1,440,721,636 1,456,418,559 35,926,867 98.0386 1.24%
2062 2,932,931,500 1,458,177,299 1,474,754,201 35,655,743 99.2498 1.216%
2063 2,968,373,604 1,475,447,521 1,492,926,083 35,228,467 100.4491 1.187%
2064 3,003,468,334 1,492,534,414 1,510,933,920 34,960,991 101.6367 1.164%
2065 3,038,189,396 1,509,424,568 1,528,764,827 34,481,133 102.8117 1.135%
2066 3,072,489,966 1,526,094,026 1,546,395,940 34,120,008 103.9724 1.111%
2067 3,106,448,544 1,542,583,578 1,563,864,966 33,797,148 105.1216 1.088%
2068 3,140,019,266 1,558,870,116 1,581,149,150 33,344,297 106.2576 1.062%
2069 3,173,134,557 1,574,919,262 1,598,215,296 32,886,284 107.3782 1.036%
2070 3,205,773,359 1,590,720,827 1,615,052,532 32,391,320 108.4827 1.01%
2071 3,237,935,473 1,606,274,861 1,631,660,613 31,932,909 109.5711 0.986%
2072 3,269,661,930 1,621,602,884 1,648,059,046 31,520,005 110.6447 0.964%
2073 3,300,925,347 1,636,691,840 1,664,233,508 31,006,828 111.7026 0.939%
2074 3,331,662,176 1,651,509,759 1,680,152,418 30,466,831 112.7427 0.914%
2075 3,361,854,381 1,666,047,746 1,695,806,634 29,917,578 113.7644 0.89%
2076 3,391,480,493 1,680,296,052 1,711,184,441 29,334,646 114.767 0.865%
2077 3,420,510,775 1,694,239,327 1,726,271,448 28,725,918 115.7494 0.84%
2078 3,449,000,022 1,707,904,286 1,741,095,736 28,252,576 116.7134 0.819%
2079 3,476,975,700 1,721,305,548 1,755,670,151 27,698,779 117.6601 0.797%
2080 3,504,401,640 1,734,424,997 1,769,976,643 27,153,101 118.5882 0.775%
2081 3,531,278,214 1,747,264,565 1,784,013,649 26,600,048 119.4977 0.753%
2082 3,557,592,404 1,759,819,932 1,797,772,472 26,028,331 120.3882 0.732%
2083 3,583,317,421 1,772,075,330 1,811,242,091 25,421,704 121.2587 0.709%
2084 3,608,448,708 1,784,030,532 1,824,418,176 24,840,869 122.1091 0.688%
2085 3,632,983,263 1,795,686,411 1,837,296,852 24,228,242 122.9394 0.667%
2086 3,656,872,629 1,807,016,305 1,849,856,325 23,550,491 123.7478 0.644%
2087 3,680,115,945 1,818,021,859 1,862,094,086 22,936,140 124.5344 0.623%
2088 3,702,756,286 1,828,726,681 1,874,029,604 22,344,541 125.3005 0.603%
2089 3,724,740,394 1,839,103,846 1,885,636,548 21,623,676 126.0444 0.581%
2090 3,746,056,451 1,849,148,580 1,896,907,871 21,008,438 126.7658 0.561%
2091 3,766,731,760 1,858,874,961 1,907,856,799 20,342,180 127.4654 0.54%
2092 3,786,782,004 1,868,292,888 1,918,489,116 19,758,307 128.1439 0.522%
2093 3,806,216,486 1,877,408,722 1,928,807,763 19,110,658 128.8016 0.502%
2094 3,825,036,830 1,886,222,709 1,938,814,120 18,530,029 129.4384 0.484%
2095 3,843,212,997 1,894,720,012 1,948,492,985 17,822,306 130.0535 0.464%
2096 3,860,723,993 1,902,892,320 1,957,831,672 17,199,685 130.6461 0.446%
2097 3,877,576,534 1,910,745,982 1,966,830,552 16,505,399 131.2164 0.426%
2098 3,893,797,579 1,918,293,714 1,975,503,864 15,936,690 131.7653 0.409%
2099 3,909,421,429 1,925,551,412 1,983,870,017 15,311,010 132.294 0.392%
2100 3,924,420,614 1,932,509,800 1,991,910,813 14,687,360 132.8016 0.374%

Population Density of Africa

Today, Africa has a population density of 50.5903 people per square kilometer. The country has seen a change in density from 7.7002 people/kmยฒ since the 1950 to 50.5903 people/kmยฒ in 2024. In the future, Africa is projected to reach a population density of 132.8016 people per square kilometer, by the year 2100.

Population Density of Africa Between 1950 - 2100

View Detailed Population Density Data for Africa

Growth Rate of Africa's Population

The population growth rate of Africa currently stands at 2.333% as of July 1, 2024. This is a decrease by 0.004 percentage points when compared to data from previous year. By 2024, the population growth rate of Africa will decrease to 2.333%. If we look further into the future, we can see that Africa's population growth is projected to land at a positive rate of 0.374% by the year 2100.

Population Growth Rate of Africa Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Growth Rate
1950 2.135%
1960 2.381%
1970 2.615%
1980 2.815%
1990 2.651%
2000 2.462%
2010 2.606%
2020 2.441%
Year Growth Rate
2030 2.161%
2040 1.87%
2050 1.56%
2060 1.265%
2070 1.01%
2080 0.775%
2090 0.561%
2100 0.374%
View Detailed Population Growth Rate Data for Africa

Life Expectancy of Africa

Today, Africa has an average life expectancy of 63.7396 years of age. The country has seen a change in life expectancy from 37.6235 years since the 1950 to 63.7396 years in 2024. In the future, Africa is projected to reach a population life expectancy of 74.9055 years of age, by the year 2100.

Life Expectancy of Africa Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Life Expectancy (Age)
1950 37,623
1960 41,481
1970 44,783
1980 49,511
1990 51,646
2000 53,349
2010 58,608
2020 62,234
Year Life Expectancy (Age)
2030 64,875
2040 66,665
2050 68,278
2060 69,745
2070 71,097
2080 72,376
2090 73,647
2100 74,905
View Detailed Life Expectancy Data for Africa

Migration to and from Africa

In 2024 Africa will see net migrations of -518,394 people. This means that 518,394 more people will emigrate from Africa than immigrate to the country this year. An increase of net migrations when compared to the previous year of 2022, when the net migrations of Africa was -540,455.

Net Migration for Africa Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Net Migration
1950 -28,286
1960 -216,054
1970 -144,394
1980 -442,361
1990 -563,433
2000 -671,250
2010 -769,334
2020 -202,152
Year Net Migration
2030 -419,624
2040 -392,656
2050 -392,141
2060 -392,141
2070 -392,141
2080 -392,141
2090 -392,141
2100 -392,141
View Detailed Migration Data for Africa

Births in Africa

In 2024, Africa will see 46,868,877 babies be born. That is an increase when compared to the ammount of births recorded by Africa in 2022, when the country saw 45,839,088 new borns.

Births Africa Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Births
1950 10,949,117
1960 13,537,719
1970 17,086,274
1980 21,983,903
1990 26,758,177
2000 31,447,740
2010 38,920,418
2020 44,807,257
Year Births
2030 50,052,426
2040 54,570,288
2050 57,020,942
2060 57,869,025
2070 58,040,447
2080 57,188,860
2090 55,696,532
2100 53,943,772
View Detailed Birth Data for Africa

Deaths in Africa

In 2024, 11,481,023 people will die in Africa. That is a decrease of Africa's death count when compared to 2022, when the country recorded 11,962,468 deaths.

Deaths Africa Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Deaths
1950 6,062,986
1960 6,552,895
1970 7,384,342
1980 7,986,043
1990 9,278,030
2000 10,614,270
2010 10,652,256
2020 11,390,416
Year Births
2030 12,672,400
2040 15,022,386
2050 17,867,332
2060 21,282,383
2070 25,256,868
2080 29,643,537
2090 34,295,863
2100 38,864,171
View Detailed Death Data for Africa

Median Age in Africa

The median age of Africa has been on an upward trend since the 1950's and it will continue well into the future. When the median age of Africa will reach 35.1355 years of age, by the year 2100.

Median Age in Africa Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Median Age
1950 18.1289
1960 17.4566
1970 16.7228
1980 16.4123
1990 16.4565
2000 17.1351
2010 17.9981
2020 18.568
Year Median Age
2030 19.8984
2040 21.8417
2050 23.9333
2060 26.1822
2070 28.5476
2080 30.8996
2090 33.1157
2100 35.1355
View Detailed Median Age Data for Africa

Fertility Rate in Africa

The fertility rate of Africa has been on a downward trend since the 1950's and it will continue well into the future. When the total fertility rate of Africa will reach 1.9933 births per woman, by the year 2100.

Fertility Rate in Africa Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Total Fertility Rate (births per woman)
1950 6.5856
1960 6.6743
1970 6.709
1980 6.598
1990 5.9145
2000 5.1759
2010 4.8588
2020 4.3614
Year Total Fertility Rate (births per woman)
2030 3.7789
2040 3.267
2050 2.8697
2060 2.5643
2070 2.3476
2080 2.191
2090 2.0766
2100 1.9933
View Detailed Fertility Rate Data for Africa

Infant Mortality Rate in Africa

The infant mortality rate is recorded as infant deaths under 1 year for every 1,000 live births. It gives us an insight into the maternal and infant health of Africa while at the same time being an important marker for the overall health of the country. The infant mortality rate of Africa has been on a positive downward trend since the 1950's when the infant mortality rate of the country was 186.567. Today, Africa has a much better infant mortality rate of 42.4197 infant deaths for every 1,000 live births. This is set to improve even further in the future when Africa is projected to record an infant mortality rate of only 15.4372 infant deaths for every 1,000 live births, by the year 2100.

Infant Mortality Rate in Africa Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Infant Mortality Rate
1950 186.567
1960 158.6181
1970 139.2348
1980 116.4485
1990 99.7861
2000 85.917
2010 60.9077
2020 46.3781
Year Infant Mortality Rate
2030 39.0835
2040 33.1432
2050 28.497
2060 24.8585
2070 21.7829
2080 19.2318
2090 17.1735
2100 15.4372
View Detailed Infant Mortality Rate Data for Africa

Data Information

Data found on this page is based on the medium fertility variant of the United Nations Revision of World Population Prospects 2022.

Data Sources

The United Nations - Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Population Division)

UN Revision of World Population Prospects 2022

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