๐Ÿ—บ๏ธ Life Expectancy in Africa

63.74 years
Average Life Expectancy (both sexes)
61.75 years
Average Life Expectancy Males
65.75 years
Average Life Expectancy Females

The current average life expectancy for Africa in 2024 is 63.7396 years of age. A 1.19% increase from 2023, when the average life expectancy was 62.9902 years, from birth to death. In the future, Africa's average life expectancy is projected to increase to 74.9055 years of age, by the year 2100. A total increase of the average life expectancy for people living in Africa by 17.52% from today's standard. This positive trend can be attributed to technological advancements, a better standard of living, and an icrease in healthcare availability.

Historic Life Expectancy in Africa (1950-2024)

Between 1950 to 2024 the average life expectancy of people living in Africa has increased from 37.6235 to 63.7396 years. That is an 69.41% increase that allow people of the country to live an extra 26.1161 years of life, on average.

Year Life Expectancy (Age) Life Expectancy Male Life Expectancy Female
1950 37.6235 36.4357 38.838
1951 37.9309 36.7294 39.1581
1952 38.443 37.2227 39.6892
1953 38.9152 37.6871 40.1693
1954 39.2991 37.9474 40.6903
1955 39.8008 38.4305 41.2121
1956 40.1704 38.7578 41.6286
1957 40.0129 38.5864 41.488
1958 40.303 38.8595 41.7973
1959 41.2823 39.8133 42.8029
1960 41.4816 39.8999 43.1295
1961 41.8692 40.2362 43.5734
1962 42.3208 40.8082 43.8886
1963 42.7767 41.2961 44.3085
1964 43.2464 41.7487 44.7972
1965 43.4401 41.9293 45.006
1966 43.433 41.9364 44.9841
1967 43.6456 41.9889 45.3756
1968 44.1023 42.4709 45.8015
1969 44.3156 42.6661 46.0343
1970 44.7834 43.2338 46.3886
1971 45.322 43.7981 46.8972
1972 45.4068 43.8589 47.0085
1973 46.1543 44.6581 47.6961
1974 46.4601 44.9762 47.9878
1975 46.903 45.3931 48.4585
1976 47.6398 46.049 49.2833
1977 48.1637 46.5192 49.8652
1978 48.5646 46.8487 50.3454
1979 49.0955 47.3989 50.8533
1980 49.5116 47.7995 51.2853
1981 49.9137 48.2095 51.6766
1982 50.2819 48.5315 52.0932
1983 49.5505 47.7923 51.3706
1984 49.7051 47.8603 51.6162
1985 50.0863 48.251 51.9804
1986 50.5501 48.7092 52.4417
1987 50.8954 48.8938 52.9658
1988 50.4287 48.3741 52.5614
1989 51.6789 49.7988 53.6102
1990 51.6467 49.6772 53.6786
1991 51.485 49.6006 53.4234
1992 51.2365 49.3088 53.2261
1993 51.549 49.5904 53.5693
1994 50.5156 48.4664 52.6423
1995 52.1161 50.2901 53.9822
1996 52.128 50.3247 53.9663
1997 52.3075 50.5382 54.1064
1998 51.8964 50.0682 53.7626
1999 52.7745 51.0268 54.5487
2000 53.3498 51.825 54.8792
2001 53.6201 52.1712 55.0675
2002 53.9987 52.5452 55.4497
2003 54.4224 53.0119 55.8267
2004 54.8957 53.4897 56.2941
2005 55.4669 54.043 56.8827
2006 56.1389 54.7098 57.5584
2007 56.73 55.2588 58.194
2008 57.3081 55.8181 58.7909
2009 58.0158 56.4586 59.5697
2010 58.608 57.0254 60.188
2011 59.2511 57.5972 60.9071
2012 59.8106 58.1182 61.5063
2013 60.2924 58.5287 62.0652
2014 60.7463 58.9347 62.57
2015 61.1288 59.3193 62.9493
2016 61.588 59.7679 63.4191
2017 61.9858 60.1481 63.8342
2018 62.3435 60.4852 64.2136
2019 62.688 60.8133 64.5753
2020 62.2342 60.2945 64.2144
2021 61.6609 59.7009 63.6718
2022 62.1532 60.2076 64.1371
2023 62.9902 61.0394 64.9659
2024 63.7396 61.7506 65.7469

How is life expectancy calculated?

Life expectancy represent the average number of years of life remaining in a group of people. The numbers above represent life expectancy of the population in Africa, calculated from birth.

Future Life Expectancy in Africa (2024-2100)

Africa's average life expectancy is projected to increase in the future. By the year 2100, the country will have reached an average life expectancy of 74.9055 years of age. An 17.52% increase from today's standard.

Year Life Expectancy (Age) Life Expectancy Male Life Expectancy Female
2024 63.7396 61.7506 65.7469
2025 63.9158 61.9054 65.9444
2026 64.1117 62.0814 66.163
2027 64.304 62.2529 66.3789
2028 64.4952 62.4234 66.5939
2029 64.6864 62.595 66.8075
2030 64.8759 62.766 67.018
2031 65.0601 62.9315 67.2237
2032 65.2452 63.0973 67.4306
2033 65.4297 63.2643 67.6351
2034 65.6118 63.4283 67.838
2035 65.7927 63.5916 68.0387
2036 65.9724 63.7526 68.2398
2037 66.1472 63.91 68.4345
2038 66.3221 64.0677 68.6289
2039 66.4953 64.2234 68.8221
2040 66.6654 64.3776 69.0103
2041 66.8367 64.5322 69.2004
2042 67.0042 64.6837 69.386
2043 67.1705 64.8336 69.5711
2044 67.3313 64.9801 69.748
2045 67.4932 65.1269 69.9268
2046 67.6543 65.2732 70.1045
2047 67.814 65.4189 70.28
2048 67.97 65.5635 70.4486
2049 68.1243 65.704 70.6183
2050 68.2783 65.8432 70.7888
2051 68.4273 65.9786 70.9529
2052 68.5797 66.1164 71.1217
2053 68.7308 66.2562 71.2852
2054 68.8788 66.3917 71.4469
2055 69.0259 66.5264 71.6075
2056 69.1709 66.6615 71.7633
2057 69.3169 66.7972 71.9205
2058 69.4624 66.9327 72.0766
2059 69.6027 67.0618 72.2291
2060 69.7453 67.1947 72.382
2061 69.8852 67.325 72.5321
2062 70.0239 67.4531 72.6821
2063 70.1615 67.5828 72.8279
2064 70.2972 67.7111 72.9712
2065 70.4352 67.8421 73.1165
2066 70.5714 67.969 73.2624
2067 70.7029 68.0953 73.3993
2068 70.8359 68.2188 73.5423
2069 70.9676 68.3444 73.6802
2070 71.0978 68.466 73.8194
2071 71.2306 68.593 73.9581
2072 71.3554 68.7116 74.0894
2073 71.4864 68.8384 74.2245
2074 71.6147 68.9615 74.3579
2075 71.7426 69.0847 74.4906
2076 71.8692 69.2083 74.6201
2077 71.9952 69.3299 74.7504
2078 72.1235 69.4531 74.8839
2079 72.2502 69.5766 75.0137
2080 72.3768 69.6982 75.1452
2081 72.5058 69.8267 75.274
2082 72.6296 69.9507 75.3969
2083 72.7595 70.0744 75.5332
2084 72.8869 70.204 75.6573
2085 73.0152 70.3322 75.7849
2086 73.1428 70.457 75.9149
2087 73.2669 70.5816 76.0378
2088 73.3924 70.7072 76.1625
2089 73.5203 70.8358 76.2886
2090 73.647 70.9628 76.4142
2091 73.773 71.0889 76.5394
2092 73.8976 71.2156 76.661
2093 74.0248 71.3436 76.7866
2094 74.152 71.473 76.9106
2095 74.2784 71.5996 77.0362
2096 74.4026 71.7265 77.1566
2097 74.5267 71.8551 77.2752
2098 74.6544 71.9839 77.4009
2099 74.7809 72.1117 77.5254
2100 74.9055 72.2439 77.6408

Factors that Affect Life Expectancy

Just like any other region or country, Africa's life expectancy is influenced by a variety of factors, that include both individual and population-level factors. Broadly speaking, life expectancy is most affected by fertility rate, deaths, immigration and emigration. Some of the individual and population-level factors listed below can get you a better insight into its causes and affects of life expectancy.

Healthcare and Medical Advances

Access to quality healthcare, advancements in medical technology, and improvements in disease prevention, diagnosis, and treatment play a significant role in increasing life expectancy. This includes vaccinations, antibiotics, surgical procedures, and the management of chronic conditions can greatly increase life expectancy of a country or region.

Socioeconomic Status

Income, education, and occupation are strongly correlated with life expectancy. Higher socioeconomic status typically provides individuals with better access to healthcare, healthier living conditions, and improved overall well-being, contributing to longer life expectancy of a country or region.

Environmental Factors

Environmental conditions can impact life expectancy. Access to clean air, water, and sanitation, as well as exposure to environmental pollutants and hazardous substances, can affect health outcomes and life expectancy.

Social Support and Relationships

Strong social connections, supportive relationships, and community engagement has also been linked to improved health outcomes and increased life expectancy. Social isolation and loneliness, on the other hand, can have negative effects on health and decrease life expectancy.

Access to and Quiality of Education

Education is associated with better health outcomes and increased life expectancy. It promotes healthier behaviors, improves health literacy, and provides individuals with opportunities for better employment and income.

Public Health Measures

Effective public health measures, such as disease surveillance, prevention programs, and health education campaigns, can have a significant impact on life expectancy by reducing the incidence and impact of infectious diseases, promoting healthy behaviors, and improving overall population health.

Immigration and Emigration

Life expectancy of a region or country is also affected by immigration of emigration. If healthier people immigrate or emigrate from a country, the life expectancy numbers of those two regions will be influenced by the movement of said people.

Causes of Positive Life Expectancy in Africa

Causes of Negative Life Expectancy in Africa

Data Information

Data found on this page is based on the medium fertility variant of the United Nations Revision of World Population Prospects 2022.

Data Sources

The United Nations - Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Population Division)

UN Revision of World Population Prospects 2022

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