World Population by Country in 1978

In 1978, the world reached a total population of 4,289,657,707 and ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณChina was the most populous country that year, with a total of 955,138,942 people. Followed by ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณIndia, with the second largest population globally of 666,267,760 people in total. The country with the lowest population count for the year was ๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ฆHoly See with only 735 people.

The geographic region with the largest population in 1978 was Asia with a total population of 2,537,447,498 people, closely followed by Africa with a population of 454,462,679, and Latin America and the Caribbean with a population of 346,288,962 people recorded for the year.

When devided into sub-subregions we can see that Southern Asia had the largest populous of 899,845,846 people on record. Followed by Eastern Asia with a population of 1,149,864,144, and South-Eastern Asia with 338,645,604 people in the sub-region.

If we devide the global population into income groups we can see that Middle-income countries had the largest population with a total of 3,113,382,829 people. While the lowest population for 1978 was found in No income group available with a population of 14,536,131 people in that segment.

Countries with the Largest Population in 1978

Country Population Overall Population Change +/-
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณChina 955,138,942 12,603,201
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณIndia 666,267,760 14,708,707
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธUnited States of America 217,881,437 2,514,723
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฉIndonesia 141,250,964 3,418,474
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บRussian Federation 136,659,134 935,487
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ทBrazil 116,664,382 2,753,964
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ตJapan 115,809,525 1,001,310
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฉBangladesh 80,007,550 1,868,040
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ชGermany 78,071,549 -166,212
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฐPakistan 74,789,330 2,398,561
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฌNigeria 68,633,344 2,078,817
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝMexico 64,123,997 1,863,395
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡งUnited Kingdom 56,240,768 4,888
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡นItaly 55,877,016 211,619
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ทFrance 53,175,309 240,604
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ณViet Nam 50,701,458 1,276,292
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆUkraine 49,536,615 167,061
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ญPhilippines 45,890,739 1,262,874
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ญThailand 43,806,715 951,837
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ทTรผrkiye 42,292,206 903,682
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ฌEgypt 41,576,636 1,024,560
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ทRepublic of Korea 37,329,984 400,568
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธSpain 36,865,443 340,252
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ทIran (Islamic Republic of) 35,993,661 1,143,584
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑPoland 34,870,698 292,923
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡นEthiopia 34,259,064 726,343
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฒMyanmar 32,185,601 634,034
๐Ÿ‡ฟ๐Ÿ‡ฆSouth Africa 27,943,445 747,502
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ทArgentina 27,146,121 435,460
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฉDemocratic Republic of the Congo 25,015,244 910,707
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ดColombia 25,003,608 566,496
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆCanada 23,962,690 238,605
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ดRomania 21,844,026 157,496
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฆMorocco 18,679,859 479,269
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฟUnited Republic of Tanzania 18,080,005 625,231
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฟAlgeria 17,632,645 517,316
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ผChina, Taiwan Province of China 17,482,884 311,588
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ตDem. People's Republic of Korea 17,472,094 242,269
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ชPeru 16,638,480 416,531
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฉSudan 15,305,806 652,653
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฟUzbekistan 15,154,314 416,904
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ชKenya 15,087,423 519,176
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ตNepal 14,888,770 344,244
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฐSri Lanka 14,414,816 262,893
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ชVenezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 14,372,958 411,783
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บAustralia 14,355,814 161,519
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑNetherlands 13,949,408 91,696
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฟKazakhstan 13,750,292 204,389
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ซAfghanistan 12,938,862 233,041
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ถIraq 12,819,706 423,149
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฌUganda 12,702,000 336,937
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡พMalaysia 12,543,892 327,876
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ญGhana 11,163,230 345,103
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฑChile 11,137,748 168,093
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฟMozambique 10,741,128 387,141
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡บHungary 10,664,862 28,272
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฟCzechia 10,195,872 49,477
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ชBelgium 9,800,206 12,147
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡บCuba 9,729,986 50,637
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡พBelarus 9,693,316 64,168
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡นPortugal 9,578,256 110,561
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆSaudi Arabia 9,210,564 463,452
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ทGreece 9,084,308 106,816
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฌBulgaria 8,958,268 19,661
๐Ÿ‡พ๐Ÿ‡ชYemen 8,615,302 273,869
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฌMadagascar 8,440,920 248,675
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡พSyrian Arab Republic 8,310,217 287,000
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ชSweden 8,281,298 14,075
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฒCameroon 8,013,279 230,306
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ดAngola 7,771,590 265,064
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡จEcuador 7,712,718 207,874
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฎCรดte d'Ivoire 7,700,816 289,209
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ธSerbia 7,669,224 59,829
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡นAustria 7,560,249 -17,948
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฑMali 7,072,938 140,672
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡นGuatemala 6,648,770 162,880
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ซBurkina Faso 6,577,779 166,841
๐Ÿ‡ฟ๐Ÿ‡ผZimbabwe 6,549,348 55,039
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญSwitzerland 6,281,526 6,885
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ณTunisia 6,254,876 161,137
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฟAzerbaijan 6,208,636 92,174
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ญCambodia 5,961,192 -50,037
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ชNiger 5,810,351 171,332
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ผMalawi 5,808,810 210,343
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ดDominican Republic 5,495,443 130,747
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ดBolivia (Plurinational State of) 5,486,132 123,435
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ณSenegal 5,433,225 127,600
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡นHaiti 5,428,667 106,294
๐Ÿ‡ฟ๐Ÿ‡ฒZambia 5,391,355 160,003
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐDenmark 5,108,930 12,884
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ชGeorgia 5,077,050 36,065
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ผRwanda 4,921,952 141,483
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฐSlovakia 4,883,368 47,813
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ณGuinea 4,804,926 76,612
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ดSomalia 4,777,703 531,884
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ฐChina, Hong Kong SAR 4,768,798 102,910
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎFinland 4,752,400 11,142
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ทCroatia 4,635,772 20,913
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ปEl Salvador 4,346,522 88,260
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฉChad 4,313,478 75,631
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฆBosnia and Herzegovina 4,131,520 34,292
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ดNorway 4,058,807 14,891
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฎBurundi 4,039,410 117,877
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฉRepublic of Moldova 4,031,772 36,343
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ธSouth Sudan 3,995,911 95,926
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฏTajikistan 3,818,114 115,826
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฏBenin 3,636,927 92,614
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑIsrael 3,608,733 66,676
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ณHonduras 3,550,368 110,792
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฌKyrgyzstan 3,550,021 69,120
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡นLithuania 3,460,849 30,510
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ชIreland 3,305,571 51,784
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฑSierra Leone 3,235,170 63,896
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡งLebanon 3,183,405 -621,092
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฆLao People's Democratic Republic 3,177,945 52,543
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฟNew Zealand 3,143,300 -1,769
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฎNicaragua 3,128,544 88,067
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ทPuerto Rico 3,117,169 48,089
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฒArmenia 3,038,224 73,647
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฌPapua New Guinea 2,979,606 62,171
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡พUruguay 2,925,840 15,815
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡พParaguay 2,924,370 72,974
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฑAlbania 2,833,314 57,019
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฒTurkmenistan 2,726,327 67,692
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฌTogo 2,693,400 64,084
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡พLibya 2,676,116 137,547
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ปLatvia 2,540,588 15,730
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ซCentral African Republic 2,365,957 24,076
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฌSingapore 2,323,250 32,143
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ทCosta Rica 2,286,210 61,852
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ฒJamaica 2,080,485 25,636
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ดJordan 2,069,103 65,004
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฎSlovenia 1,867,379 17,077
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฆPanama 1,867,313 44,229
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฐNorth Macedonia 1,851,978 27,097
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ทLiberia 1,820,861 53,735
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฌCongo 1,747,207 41,078
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ณMongolia 1,615,868 43,386
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ทEritrea 1,571,193 41,962
๐Ÿ‡ฝ๐Ÿ‡ฐKosovo (under UNSC res. 1244) 1,516,206 35,491
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ชEstonia 1,458,850 11,219
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ทMauritania 1,421,786 41,146
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ธState of Palestine 1,374,123 37,410
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ธLesotho 1,331,213 37,141
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ผKuwait 1,329,074 83,198
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡นTrinidad and Tobago 1,096,569 15,478
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฆNamibia 942,023 6,734
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡บMauritius 925,835 13,768
๐Ÿ‡ด๐Ÿ‡ฒOman 912,750 48,762
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ผBotswana 849,394 43,354
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ชUnited Arab Emirates 805,232 101,061
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ผGuinea-Bissau 794,328 48,189
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡พGuyana 768,609 6,797
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฆGabon 712,135 17,668
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฒGambia 672,974 21,524
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡พCyprus 663,975 7,590
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฑTimor-Leste 627,671 7,316
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฏFiji 613,610 14,941
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ชMontenegro 577,409 5,958
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฟEswatini 560,236 18,555
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ชRรฉunion 537,400 7,102
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡นBhutan 389,072 12,895
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ทSuriname 381,884 -4,179
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡บLuxembourg 361,069 2,948
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ถMartinique 332,587 760
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ตGuadeloupe 331,884 1,518
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ญBahrain 330,912 15,696
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡นMalta 327,466 2,847
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ปCabo Verde 311,684 2,293
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฒComoros 307,938 10,025
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฏDjibouti 278,425 25,602
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ถEquatorial Guinea 270,866 813
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡งBarbados 251,009 1,366
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ดChina, Macao SAR 246,048 -435
๐Ÿ‡ถ๐Ÿ‡ฆQatar 243,624 16,581
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ธIceland 223,641 1,992
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡งSolomon Islands 218,193 7,448
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ธBahamas 215,016 4,445
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ณBrunei Darussalam 176,176 5,676
๐Ÿ‡ผ๐Ÿ‡ธSamoa 161,988 1,555
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ผCuraรงao 156,255 329
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ปMaldives 156,025 4,198
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ซFrench Polynesia 153,745 4,739
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡จNew Caledonia 145,262 1,704
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฟBelize 138,933 2,769
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡จSaint Lucia 117,397 2,045
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡บVanuatu 112,185 3,354
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡จSaint Vincent and the Grenadines 106,236 699
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡บGuam 105,710 2,021
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ดTonga 96,226 321
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฉGrenada 95,810 -541
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡นSao Tome and Principe 92,658 2,419
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ฎUnited States Virgin Islands 91,146 3,083
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ญWestern Sahara 90,806 13,527
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ชJersey 74,556 325
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฒDominica 72,478 313
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฒMicronesia (Fed. States of) 71,983 2,100
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฌAntigua and Barbuda 64,328 213
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡จSeychelles 63,978 768
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฒIsle of Man 62,333 828
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ผAruba 61,738 272
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ซFrench Guiana 61,635 2,544
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฎKiribati 59,465 -414
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฒBermuda 53,462 24
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฌGuernsey 53,111 -103
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฑGreenland 49,734 -8
๐Ÿ‡พ๐Ÿ‡นMayotte 47,380 2,075
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ณSaint Kitts and Nevis 43,464 -153
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ดFaroe Islands 41,965 537
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฉAndorra 32,573 1,605
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ธAmerican Samoa 31,428 620
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ญMarshall Islands 29,892 1,000
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฎGibraltar 28,485 142
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡จMonaco 26,554 301
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฎLiechtenstein 24,205 406
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฒSan Marino 20,795 318
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฐCook Islands 17,809 -68
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ตNorthern Mariana Islands 16,193 292
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡พCayman Islands 15,746 613
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ผPalau 12,387 -78
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ธMontserrat 11,543 -6
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ถBonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba 11,184 189
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฝSint Maarten (Dutch part) 10,850 684
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ฌBritish Virgin Islands 10,727 146
๐Ÿ‡ผ๐Ÿ‡ซWallis and Futuna Islands 10,528 371
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ทNauru 7,541 46
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ซSaint Martin (French part) 7,358 219
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ปTuvalu 7,296 315
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡จTurks and Caicos Islands 7,110 232
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฎAnguilla 6,536 17
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ญSaint Helena 6,289 60
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฒSaint Pierre and Miquelon 6,058 31
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡บNiue 3,828 -91
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฑSaint Barthรฉlemy 2,827 92
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฐFalkland Islands (Malvinas) 2,271 -15
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฐTokelau 1,645 5
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ฆHoly See 735 -2

What was the world population in 1978?

In 1978, the world population was 4,289,657,707 according to data collected by individual countries and compiled by The United Nations.

Data Information

Data found on this page is based on the medium fertility variant of the United Nations Revision of World Population Prospects 2022.

Data Sources

The United Nations - Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Population Division)

UN Revision of World Population Prospects 2022

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