๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Population Growth Rate of Canada

The current population growth rate of Canada is 0.843%. A -0.82% decrease from 2022, when the population growth rate was 0.85%. In the future, Canada's population growth rate is projected to decrease to 0.265%, by the year 2100. A total decrease of the population growth rate of Canada by -68.56% from today's standard.

Historic Population Growth Rate of Canada (1950-2023)

Canada has seen a decrease in population growth rate since the 1950's.

Year Population Growth Rate Overall Population +/-
1950 2.175% 298,956
1951 2.743% 386,353
1952 2.856% 413,689
1953 2.804% 417,872
1954 2.777% 425,481
1955 2.517% 395,962
1956 2.909% 470,285
1957 2.978% 495,725
1958 2.518% 430,950
1959 2.237% 392,083
1960 2.104% 376,818
1961 1.925% 351,838
1962 1.855% 345,484
1963 1.855% 351,837
1964 1.857% 358,804
1965 1.86% 366,154
1966 1.829% 366,701
1967 1.661% 338,934
1968 1.49% 308,823
1969 1.403% 295,199
1970 2.361% 506,076
1971 1.837% 402,128
1972 1.192% 264,956
1973 1.31% 294,660
1974 1.43% 326,146
1975 1.39% 321,494
1976 1.238% 290,231
1977 1.08% 256,156
1978 0.996% 238,605
1979 1.132% 274,264
1980 1.267% 310,507
1981 1.201% 298,047
1982 1.089% 273,415
1983 0.966% 245,002
1984 0.928% 237,697
1985 0.952% 245,995
1986 1.142% 298,304
1987 1.299% 343,331
1988 1.54% 413,020
1989 1.636% 445,664
1990 1.374% 379,933
1991 1.204% 337,179
1992 1.152% 326,581
1993 1.097% 314,471
1994 1.075% 311,573
1995 1.041% 304,895
1996 1.027% 303,958
1997 0.916% 273,848
1998 0.83% 250,272
1999 0.854% 259,659
2000 1.002% 307,411
2001 1.069% 331,489
2002 0.983% 307,782
2003 0.906% 286,322
2004 0.934% 298,115
2005 0.963% 310,380
2006 0.988% 321,522
2007 1.034% 339,661
2008 1.121% 372,503
2009 1.126% 378,250
2010 1.062% 360,741
2011 1.047% 359,496
2012 1.087% 377,199
2013 1.045% 366,426
2014 0.891% 315,408
2015 0.95% 339,628
2016 1.172% 423,184
2017 1.254% 458,447
2018 1.359% 503,366
2019 1.256% 471,295
2020 0.689% 260,946
2021 0.712% 271,668
2022 0.85% 326,962
2023 0.843% 326,967

Future Population Growth Rate of Canada (2023-2100)

Canada's population growth rate is projected to decrease in the future. According to the United Nation, it will drop from today's growth rate of 0.85% all the way down to 0.265% by the year 2100. The yearly downward trend is clearly visible from the charts and data below.

Year Population Growth Rate Overall Population +/-
2023 0.843% 326,967
2024 0.83% 324,542
2025 0.822% 324,260
2026 0.806% 320,377
2027 0.786% 314,946
2028 0.777% 313,956
2029 0.76% 309,321
2030 0.763% 312,838
2031 0.75% 309,715
2032 0.728% 303,178
2033 0.708% 296,761
2034 0.683% 288,274
2035 0.66% 280,523
2036 0.639% 273,393
2037 0.624% 268,634
2038 0.601% 260,209
2039 0.583% 254,137
2040 0.562% 246,261
2041 0.527% 232,333
2042 0.506% 224,200
2043 0.487% 216,699
2044 0.471% 210,430
2045 0.456% 204,829
2046 0.441% 199,162
2047 0.427% 193,777
2048 0.414% 188,300
2049 0.404% 184,872
2050 0.393% 180,234
2051 0.381% 175,375
2052 0.379% 175,288
2053 0.375% 174,022
2054 0.371% 172,625
2055 0.366% 171,295
2056 0.368% 172,950
2057 0.37% 174,083
2058 0.371% 175,563
2059 0.371% 176,183
2060 0.375% 178,563
2061 0.384% 183,396
2062 0.382% 183,607
2063 0.385% 185,389
2064 0.388% 187,919
2065 0.391% 189,980
2066 0.392% 191,004
2067 0.389% 190,627
2068 0.387% 190,141
2069 0.382% 188,574
2070 0.377% 186,792
2071 0.369% 183,588
2072 0.363% 181,012
2073 0.357% 178,602
2074 0.35% 175,845
2075 0.337% 169,625
2076 0.327% 165,268
2077 0.317% 160,782
2078 0.308% 156,647
2079 0.3% 153,024
2080 0.288% 147,671
2081 0.282% 145,049
2082 0.274% 141,207
2083 0.271% 139,720
2084 0.263% 136,206
2085 0.256% 132,872
2086 0.253% 131,774
2087 0.25% 130,203
2088 0.245% 128,231
2089 0.243% 127,572
2090 0.242% 127,062
2091 0.244% 128,616
2092 0.247% 130,314
2093 0.249% 131,928
2094 0.253% 134,145
2095 0.254% 135,088
2096 0.256% 136,567
2097 0.261% 139,692
2098 0.26% 139,344
2099 0.261% 140,376
2100 0.265% 142,875

Why is the chart for future population growth rate mostly flat?

Predicting and projecting future population growth rate is extremely hard. Especially, the further you move into the future. Thus, the scientist and data collectors of the United Nations tend to add a flat number when reasonable projections can't be made.

Understanding Population Growth Rate: How Births, Deaths, and Migration Impact Population Size of Canada

Population growth rate is defined as the annual average rate of change of population size, for a given country, territory, or geographic area, during a specified period. It is considered an international standard for measuring population change. The United Nations uses population growth rate as one of the key indicators for measuring population trends, and for forecasting future population size. Part of that data is used on this page to visualize and explore historic and future population growth rate over time.

What is Population Growth Rate?

Population growth rate is a measure of how quickly a population is increasing or decreasing in size over time. It is expressed as a percentage of change over a time period. Most commonly, its typically messured on a yearly basis, allowing you to evaluate percentage on year over year basis. However, population growth rate can be applied and calculated on any timeframe.

  • Population growth rate is used to indicate population increase or decrease in size over time.
  • It is measured as a percentage of change, from previous to current population size.
  • It is often expressed as a yearly rate, but can be applied to any timeframe.
  • A positive population growth rate indicates that a population is increasing.
  • A negative population growth rate indicates that a population is decreasing.
  • Birth rate, death rate, and migration affect the population growth rate.
  • A high birth rate and low death rate will result in a high population growth rate.
  • A low birth rate and high death rate will result in a low population growth rate.
  • Net migration also affect the population growth rate of Canada.
  • Population growth rate is an important metric for demographic, environmental and economic forecasting.

How is Population Growth Rate calculated?

The population growth rate indicates the increase or decrease of a population in percent (%). The formula to calculate population growth rate can be used on any timeframe. In this case it indicates the population growth reate year over year, where a negative population growth rate is presented with red coloring and positive with green. The population growth rate of Canada is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.

Population Growth Rate Formula

Population Growth Rate = New Population - Original Population / Original Population * 100

What Causes Population Growth Rate to Increase or Decrease?

Just like any other country or region, Canada's population growth rate is influenced by a variety of factors that causes it to increase or decrease.

Birth Rate

The number of births per 1,000 individuals in a population over a specific period of time affects population growth. Higher birth rates contribute to population growth, while lower birth rates slow down growth.

Death Rate

The number of deaths per 1,000 individuals in a population over a specific period of time also influences population growth. Higher death rates can reduce population growth, while lower death rates contribute to growth.

Total Fertility Rate

The average number of children born to women of childbearing age is known as the total fertility rate. Higher fertility rates can lead to population growth, while lower fertility rates can result in slower growth or even population decline.

Life Expectancy

The average number of years a person is expected to live affects population growth. Higher life expectancy can result in population growth, as people live longer and contribute to the population for a greater duration.

Immigration and Emigration

Migration patterns, including immigration (inflow of individuals from other countries) and emigration (outflow of individuals to other countries), can significantly impact population growth rates. Higher immigration rates can contribute to population growth, while high emigration rates can slow down growth.

Government Policies

Government policies related to family planning, healthcare, immigration, and social welfare can also influence population growth rates. For example, policies promoting contraception and family planning can lead to lower birth rates and slower growth.

Socioeconomic Factors

Factors such as economic development, education, and urbanization can affect population growth rates. Higher levels of education and economic opportunities often correlate with lower birth rates and slower population growth.

Data Information

Data found on this page is based on the medium fertility variant of the United Nations Revision of World Population Prospects 2022.

Data Sources

The United Nations - Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Population Division)

UN Revision of World Population Prospects 2022

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