๐Ÿ—บ๏ธ Population of Central Asia

78,165,568
Current Population of Central Asia
1,112,511
Net population growth this year
19.89
Population Density (people/kmยฒ)

As of July 1, 2023 the population of Central Asia reached 78,165,568, of which 38,682,730 people are male and 39,482,837 female. The country has a population density of 19.8898 people per square kilometer. With an overall population growth rate of 1.423% for the year. According to the latest data, Central Asia is set to increase its population size by 1,098,672 people next year. Making the total population count of Central Asia 79,271,159 people by 2024.

Historic Population of Central Asia (1950 - 2023)

Between 1950 and 2023 the population of Central Asia grown from 17,394,685 people to 78,165,568. An increase of the population size by 349.36% in 73 years.

Year Total Male Female People +/- Density (p/kmยฒ) Growth Rate
1950 17,394,685 8,380,558 9,014,128 504,276 4.4262 2.899%
1951 17,904,135 8,628,108 9,276,027 514,623 4.5558 2.875%
1952 18,426,830 8,882,202 9,544,628 530,768 4.6888 2.881%
1953 18,965,751 9,144,672 9,821,079 547,075 4.826 2.885%
1954 19,525,643 9,417,968 10,107,675 572,707 4.9684 2.933%
1955 20,114,364 9,705,962 10,408,402 604,736 5.1182 3.007%
1956 20,738,225 10,011,896 10,726,328 642,985 5.277 3.101%
1957 21,400,969 10,337,668 11,063,300 682,504 5.4456 3.189%
1958 22,100,889 10,682,371 11,418,518 717,336 5.6237 3.246%
1959 22,845,770 11,050,036 11,795,734 772,427 5.8133 3.381%
1960 23,642,167 11,443,854 12,198,314 820,366 6.0159 3.47%
1961 24,487,889 11,863,042 12,624,848 871,078 6.2311 3.558%
1962 25,370,311 12,301,274 13,069,038 893,767 6.4557 3.523%
1963 26,267,928 12,747,058 13,520,870 901,466 6.6841 3.432%
1964 27,171,069 13,195,466 13,975,603 904,815 6.9139 3.33%
1965 28,078,297 13,646,374 14,431,923 909,641 7.1447 3.24%
1966 28,982,854 14,095,938 14,886,916 899,474 7.3749 3.104%
1967 29,884,207 14,543,569 15,340,638 903,232 7.6043 3.023%
1968 30,784,132 14,990,846 15,793,286 896,618 7.8333 2.913%
1969 31,662,749 15,427,661 16,235,088 860,615 8.0568 2.718%
1970 32,487,500 15,837,952 16,649,549 788,889 8.2667 2.428%
1971 33,253,722 16,219,226 17,034,496 743,553 8.4617 2.236%
1972 34,011,637 16,596,676 17,414,962 772,279 8.6545 2.271%
1973 34,793,498 16,987,446 17,806,052 791,442 8.8535 2.275%
1974 35,594,360 17,388,413 18,205,946 810,281 9.0573 2.277%
1975 36,415,026 17,799,910 18,615,116 831,051 9.2661 2.282%
1976 37,252,991 18,221,293 19,031,698 844,880 9.4793 2.268%
1977 38,118,766 18,657,791 19,460,975 886,671 9.6996 2.326%
1978 38,999,067 19,102,390 19,896,678 873,931 9.9236 2.241%
1979 39,863,615 19,539,231 20,324,385 855,164 10.1436 2.145%
1980 40,719,918 19,971,394 20,748,523 857,441 10.3615 2.106%
1981 41,591,214 20,410,749 21,180,465 885,152 10.5832 2.128%
1982 42,495,662 20,867,363 21,628,298 923,743 10.8133 2.174%
1983 43,444,796 21,347,596 22,097,200 974,527 11.0549 2.243%
1984 44,431,368 21,844,734 22,586,634 998,617 11.3059 2.248%
1985 45,448,852 22,348,858 23,099,994 1,036,351 11.5648 2.28%
1986 46,549,135 22,877,514 23,671,622 1,164,215 11.8448 2.501%
1987 47,728,908 23,432,000 24,296,908 1,195,331 12.145 2.505%
1988 48,928,380 23,990,773 24,937,607 1,203,613 12.4502 2.46%
1989 50,029,332 24,524,375 25,504,957 998,291 12.7303 1.995%
1990 50,978,535 25,012,607 25,965,929 900,115 12.9719 1.766%
1991 51,902,276 25,490,625 26,411,652 947,367 13.2069 1.825%
1992 52,715,391 25,910,693 26,804,698 678,863 13.4138 1.288%
1993 53,322,753 26,220,168 27,102,584 535,859 13.5684 1.005%
1994 53,779,807 26,448,216 27,331,591 378,250 13.6847 0.703%
1995 54,199,781 26,656,996 27,542,786 461,699 13.7915 0.852%
1996 54,613,451 26,858,076 27,755,375 365,640 13.8968 0.67%
1997 54,916,848 26,996,416 27,920,432 241,154 13.974 0.439%
1998 55,129,763 27,083,963 28,045,800 184,676 14.0282 0.335%
1999 55,428,518 27,213,815 28,214,703 412,834 14.1042 0.745%
2000 55,939,120 27,454,584 28,484,536 608,369 14.2341 1.088%
2001 56,555,078 27,754,203 28,800,875 623,547 14.3909 1.103%
2002 57,185,357 28,064,259 29,121,098 637,012 14.5512 1.114%
2003 57,832,372 28,383,323 29,449,048 657,017 14.7159 1.136%
2004 58,514,881 28,719,957 29,794,925 708,002 14.8895 1.21%
2005 59,237,704 29,078,314 30,159,391 737,645 15.0735 1.245%
2006 60,007,798 29,462,874 30,544,924 802,542 15.2694 1.337%
2007 60,823,802 29,873,850 30,949,952 829,465 15.4771 1.364%
2008 61,693,452 30,315,056 31,378,395 909,836 15.6984 1.475%
2009 62,633,848 30,794,235 31,839,613 970,957 15.9376 1.55%
2010 63,615,586 31,296,468 32,319,119 992,519 16.1875 1.56%
2011 64,620,341 31,810,950 32,809,391 1,016,990 16.4431 1.574%
2012 65,652,929 32,338,727 33,314,201 1,048,186 16.7059 1.597%
2013 66,725,223 32,885,864 33,839,359 1,096,399 16.9787 1.643%
2014 67,842,758 33,455,307 34,387,449 1,138,671 17.2631 1.678%
2015 68,990,800 34,039,946 34,950,854 1,157,415 17.5552 1.678%
2016 70,144,306 34,628,105 35,516,200 1,149,596 17.8487 1.639%
2017 71,275,664 35,203,298 36,072,366 1,113,121 18.1366 1.562%
2018 72,404,368 35,774,683 36,629,685 1,144,286 18.4238 1.58%
2019 73,550,272 36,353,226 37,197,046 1,147,522 18.7154 1.56%
2020 74,724,418 36,944,327 37,780,092 1,200,771 19.0142 1.607%
2021 75,897,577 37,535,618 38,361,959 1,145,546 19.3127 1.509%
2022 77,039,831 38,113,109 38,926,723 1,138,962 19.6034 1.478%
2023 78,165,568 38,682,730 39,482,837 1,112,511 19.8898 1.423%

Statements that can be derived from Central Asia's population data

  • Central Asia has a population of 78,165,568 people, as of July 1, 2023.
  • Central Asia's population is equivalent to 0.98% of the total world population.
  • In 2023, Central Asia's population will grow with 1,112,511 people.
  • In 2023, 53,994 more people will emigrate from Central Asia than immigrate to the country.
  • The median age of the population in Central Asia is 26.51 years.
  • In Central Asia there are 19.89 people per square kilometers (0.386102 square miles), if spaced out evenly.
  • 14.51 infants die at birth out of a 1000 new born in Central Asia.
  • In Central Asia, 38,682,730 of the total population are male, and 39,482,837 are female.

Future Population of Central Asia (2023 - 2100)

Central Asia's population is set to incease in the future from 78,165,568 people to 126,076,583 people. An increase of the population size by 624.8% from 2023 to 2100.

Year Total Male Female People +/- Density (p/kmยฒ) Growth Rate
2023 78,165,568 38,682,730 39,482,837 1,112,511 19.8898 1.423%
2024 79,271,159 39,240,564 40,030,594 1,098,672 20.1711 1.386%
2025 80,351,454 39,783,696 40,567,758 1,061,917 20.446 1.322%
2026 81,396,400 40,307,758 41,088,642 1,027,974 20.7119 1.263%
2027 82,409,498 40,814,645 41,594,854 998,223 20.9697 1.211%
2028 83,398,070 41,308,223 42,089,848 978,921 21.2213 1.174%
2029 84,370,544 41,792,955 42,577,589 966,026 21.4687 1.145%
2030 85,333,015 42,272,124 43,060,892 958,917 21.7136 1.124%
2031 86,287,019 42,746,616 43,540,403 949,090 21.9564 1.1%
2032 87,233,551 43,217,054 44,016,497 943,974 22.1972 1.082%
2033 88,177,504 43,686,118 44,491,386 943,932 22.4374 1.071%
2034 89,122,000 44,155,524 44,966,475 945,059 22.6778 1.06%
2035 90,066,864 44,625,254 45,441,611 944,670 22.9182 1.049%
2036 91,013,459 45,096,062 45,917,397 948,520 23.1591 1.042%
2037 91,963,152 45,568,705 46,394,447 950,867 23.4007 1.034%
2038 92,917,184 46,043,944 46,873,240 957,196 23.6435 1.03%
2039 93,877,343 46,522,749 47,354,594 963,122 23.8878 1.026%
2040 94,842,523 47,004,533 47,837,989 967,237 24.1334 1.02%
2041 95,810,726 47,488,356 48,322,370 969,170 24.3798 1.012%
2042 96,778,782 47,972,537 48,806,245 966,942 24.6261 0.999%
2043 97,743,644 48,455,442 49,288,201 962,781 24.8716 0.985%
2044 98,701,603 48,935,192 49,766,411 953,138 25.1154 0.966%
2045 99,647,988 49,409,289 50,238,699 939,631 25.3562 0.943%
2046 100,580,008 49,876,277 50,703,731 924,411 25.5933 0.919%
2047 101,493,678 50,334,069 51,159,610 902,929 25.8258 0.89%
2048 102,384,526 50,780,312 51,604,213 878,766 26.0525 0.858%
2049 103,251,906 51,214,694 52,037,212 855,995 26.2732 0.829%
2050 104,094,807 51,636,582 52,458,225 829,807 26.4877 0.797%
2051 104,914,966 52,046,770 52,868,196 810,511 26.6964 0.773%
2052 105,713,670 52,445,988 53,267,681 786,895 26.8996 0.744%
2053 106,489,142 52,833,313 53,655,829 764,050 27.097 0.717%
2054 107,243,769 53,209,967 54,033,802 745,203 27.289 0.695%
2055 107,977,492 53,576,023 54,401,469 722,244 27.4757 0.669%
2056 108,690,017 53,931,362 54,758,656 702,806 27.657 0.647%
2057 109,383,816 54,277,313 55,106,503 684,792 27.8335 0.626%
2058 110,058,064 54,613,592 55,444,472 663,703 28.0051 0.603%
2059 110,713,798 54,940,755 55,773,043 647,765 28.172 0.585%
2060 111,353,479 55,260,067 56,093,412 631,598 28.3347 0.567%
2061 111,977,137 55,571,664 56,405,474 615,718 28.4934 0.55%
2062 112,585,854 55,876,184 56,709,670 601,716 28.6483 0.534%
2063 113,180,924 56,174,351 57,006,572 588,423 28.7997 0.52%
2064 113,761,538 56,465,810 57,295,727 572,805 28.9475 0.504%
2065 114,329,239 56,751,435 57,577,804 562,597 29.0919 0.492%
2066 114,886,134 57,032,387 57,853,746 551,194 29.2336 0.48%
2067 115,430,824 57,307,960 58,122,864 538,185 29.3722 0.466%
2068 115,964,356 57,578,710 58,385,646 528,881 29.508 0.456%
2069 116,486,261 57,844,460 58,641,801 514,928 29.6408 0.442%
2070 116,997,981 58,105,934 58,892,048 508,513 29.771 0.435%
2071 117,499,342 58,363,056 59,136,285 494,208 29.8986 0.421%
2072 117,989,705 58,615,520 59,374,185 486,517 30.0234 0.412%
2073 118,469,345 58,863,424 59,605,921 472,765 30.1454 0.399%
2074 118,935,102 59,105,092 59,830,010 458,749 30.2639 0.386%
2075 119,389,032 59,341,486 60,047,546 449,111 30.3794 0.376%
2076 119,831,645 59,572,767 60,258,878 436,114 30.4921 0.364%
2077 120,263,045 59,798,836 60,464,209 426,687 30.6018 0.355%
2078 120,681,899 60,018,791 60,663,108 411,020 30.7084 0.341%
2079 121,086,228 60,231,506 60,854,722 397,638 30.8113 0.328%
2080 121,478,769 60,438,182 61,040,588 387,445 30.9112 0.319%
2081 121,860,766 60,639,224 61,221,543 376,549 31.0084 0.309%
2082 122,229,051 60,833,066 61,395,984 360,020 31.1021 0.295%
2083 122,582,182 61,018,787 61,563,395 346,241 31.192 0.282%
2084 122,921,338 61,196,766 61,724,572 332,073 31.2783 0.27%
2085 123,244,958 61,366,194 61,878,765 315,167 31.3606 0.256%
2086 123,554,405 61,527,806 62,026,599 303,726 31.4393 0.246%
2087 123,849,864 61,681,802 62,168,062 287,193 31.5145 0.232%
2088 124,129,259 61,826,944 62,302,314 271,596 31.5856 0.219%
2089 124,393,387 61,963,677 62,429,710 256,660 31.6528 0.206%
2090 124,641,273 62,091,642 62,549,631 239,112 31.7159 0.192%
2091 124,870,405 62,209,736 62,660,669 219,151 31.7742 0.176%
2092 125,079,552 62,317,530 62,762,021 199,143 31.8274 0.159%
2093 125,270,719 62,416,038 62,854,682 183,192 31.8761 0.146%
2094 125,444,394 62,505,776 62,938,618 164,159 31.9203 0.131%
2095 125,598,951 62,586,153 63,012,798 144,953 31.9596 0.115%
2096 125,734,653 62,657,509 63,077,145 126,452 31.9941 0.101%
2097 125,850,056 62,719,327 63,130,730 104,354 32.0235 0.083%
2098 125,944,049 62,770,926 63,173,124 83,633 32.0474 0.066%
2099 126,019,098 62,813,751 63,205,348 66,464 32.0665 0.053%
2100 126,076,583 62,848,917 63,227,666 48,506 32.0811 0.038%

Population Density of Central Asia

Today, Central Asia has a population density of 19.8898 people per square kilometer. The country has seen a change in density from 4.4262 people/kmยฒ since the 1950 to 19.8898 people/kmยฒ in 2023. In the future, Central Asia is projected to reach a population density of 32.0811 people per square kilometer, by the year 2100.

Population Density of Central Asia Between 1950 - 2100

View Detailed Population Density Data for Central Asia

Growth Rate of Central Asia's Population

The population growth rate of Central Asia currently stands at 1.423% as of July 1, 2023. This is a decrease by 0.055 percentage points when compared to data from previous year. By 2023, the population growth rate of Central Asia will decrease to 1.423%. If we look further into the future, we can see that Central Asia's population growth is projected to land at a positive rate of 0.038% by the year 2100.

Population Growth Rate of Central Asia Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Growth Rate
1950 2.899%
1960 3.47%
1970 2.428%
1980 2.106%
1990 1.766%
2000 1.088%
2010 1.56%
2020 1.607%
Year Growth Rate
2030 1.124%
2040 1.02%
2050 0.797%
2060 0.567%
2070 0.435%
2080 0.319%
2090 0.192%
2100 0.038%
View Detailed Population Growth Rate Data for Central Asia

Life Expectancy of Central Asia

Today, Central Asia has an average life expectancy of 71.0179 years of age. The country has seen a change in life expectancy from 54.3277 years since the 1950 to 71.0179 years in 2023. In the future, Central Asia is projected to reach a population life expectancy of 82.1588 years of age, by the year 2100.

Life Expectancy of Central Asia Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Life Expectancy (Age)
1950 54,327
1960 56,773
1970 59,576
1980 61,997
1990 64,399
2000 64,628
2010 68,494
2020 69,773
Year Life Expectancy (Age)
2030 72,482
2040 73,710
2050 75,012
2060 76,360
2070 77,772
2080 79,233
2090 80,724
2100 82,158
View Detailed Life Expectancy Data for Central Asia

Migration to and from Central Asia

In 2023 Central Asia will see net migrations of -53,994 people. This means that 53,994 more people will emigrate from Central Asia than immigrate to the country this year. A decrease of net migrations when compared to the previous year of 2022, when the net migrations of Central Asia was -53,994.

Net Migration for Central Asia Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Net Migration
1950 125,626
1960 127,717
1970 79,561
1980 -41,578
1990 -259,786
2000 -154,474
2010 -93,052
2020 -74,008
Year Net Migration
2030 -53,994
2040 -53,994
2050 -53,994
2060 -53,994
2070 -53,994
2080 -53,994
2090 -53,994
2100 -53,994
View Detailed Migration Data for Central Asia

Births in Central Asia

In 2023, Central Asia will see 1,690,068 babies be born. That is a decrease when compared to the ammount of births recorded by Central Asia in 2022, when the country saw 1,726,853 new borns.

Births Central Asia Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Births
1950 650,998
1960 1,035,161
1970 1,069,393
1980 1,294,400
1990 1,593,593
2000 1,211,178
2010 1,540,781
2020 1,822,579
Year Births
2030 1,587,072
2040 1,740,468
2050 1,724,024
2060 1,636,471
2070 1,623,171
2080 1,559,404
2090 1,464,209
2100 1,398,909
View Detailed Birth Data for Central Asia

Deaths in Central Asia

In 2023, 523,528 people will die in Central Asia. That is a decrease of Central Asia's death count when compared to 2022, when the country recorded 533,915 deaths.

Deaths Central Asia Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Deaths
1950 272,341
1960 342,541
1970 360,044
1980 395,366
1990 433,723
2000 448,350
2010 455,234
2020 547,797
Year Births
2030 574,179
2040 719,210
2050 840,205
2060 950,875
2070 1,060,660
2080 1,117,966
2090 1,171,118
2100 1,296,416
View Detailed Death Data for Central Asia

Median Age in Central Asia

The median age of Central Asia has been on an upward trend since the 1950's and it will continue well into the future. When the median age of Central Asia will reach 40.7113 years of age, by the year 2100.

Median Age in Central Asia Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Median Age
1950 22.3128
1960 21.5564
1970 18.4987
1980 19.555
1990 20.5142
2000 21.5042
2010 23.9169
2020 26.1378
Year Median Age
2030 27.0447
2040 28.2568
2050 30.4562
2060 32.816
2070 34.4066
2080 36.403
2090 38.7617
2100 40.7113
View Detailed Median Age Data for Central Asia

Fertility Rate in Central Asia

The fertility rate of Central Asia has been on a downward trend since the 1950's and it will continue well into the future. When the total fertility rate of Central Asia will reach 1.8427 births per woman, by the year 2100.

Fertility Rate in Central Asia Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Total Fertility Rate (births per woman)
1950 4.8068
1960 5.6326
1970 5.1362
1980 4.3054
1990 3.7972
2000 2.6475
2010 2.6898
2020 3.0317
Year Total Fertility Rate (births per woman)
2030 2.637
2040 2.397
2050 2.2394
2060 2.1115
2070 2.0068
2080 1.9414
2090 1.8864
2100 1.8427
View Detailed Fertility Rate Data for Central Asia

Infant Mortality Rate in Central Asia

The infant mortality rate is recorded as infant deaths under 1 year for every 1,000 live births. It gives us an insight into the maternal and infant health of Central Asia while at the same time being an important marker for the overall health of the country. The infant mortality rate of Central Asia has been on a positive downward trend since the 1950's when the infant mortality rate of the country was 127.9421. Today, Central Asia has a much better infant mortality rate of 14.5054 infant deaths for every 1,000 live births. This is set to improve even further in the future when Central Asia is projected to record an infant mortality rate of only 3.431 infant deaths for every 1,000 live births, by the year 2100.

Infant Mortality Rate in Central Asia Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Infant Mortality Rate
1950 127.9421
1960 110.4674
1970 92.8826
1980 76.8124
1990 58.3052
2000 50.5655
2010 26.2274
2020 15.9454
Year Infant Mortality Rate
2030 11.9636
2040 9.603
2050 7.7009
2060 6.3287
2070 5.2327
2080 4.4838
2090 3.8829
2100 3.431
View Detailed Infant Mortality Rate Data for Central Asia

Data Information

Data found on this page is based on the medium fertility variant of the United Nations Revision of World Population Prospects 2022.

Data Sources

The United Nations - Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Population Division)

UN Revision of World Population Prospects 2022

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