๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ท Population of Eritrea

3,817,651
Current Population of Eritrea
70,739
Net population growth this year
31.51
Population Density (people/kmยฒ)

As of July 1, 2024 the population of Eritrea reached 3,817,651, of which 1,885,109 people are male and 1,932,542 female. The country has a population density of 31.5133 people per square kilometer. With an overall population growth rate of 1.853% for the year. According to the latest data, Eritrea is set to increase its population size by 70,739 people next year. Making the total population count of Eritrea 3,817,651 people by 2024.

Historic Population of Eritrea (1950 - 2024)

Between 1950 and 2024 the population of Eritrea grown from 822,576 people to 3,817,651. An increase of the population size by 364.11% in 73 years.

Year Total Male Female People +/- Density (p/kmยฒ) Growth Rate
1950 822,576 407,210 415,366 11,744 6.7901 1.428%
1951 834,934 412,899 422,035 12,972 6.8921 1.554%
1952 848,449 419,252 429,198 14,058 7.0036 1.657%
1953 863,003 426,148 436,854 15,050 7.1238 1.744%
1954 878,538 433,548 444,990 16,021 7.252 1.824%
1955 895,009 441,433 453,575 16,920 7.388 1.891%
1956 912,410 449,807 462,603 17,881 7.5316 1.96%
1957 930,920 458,736 472,183 19,140 7.6844 2.056%
1958 950,588 468,236 482,352 20,197 7.8468 2.125%
1959 971,439 478,333 493,106 21,504 8.0189 2.214%
1960 993,568 489,060 504,508 22,755 8.2015 2.29%
1961 1,016,932 500,395 516,537 23,971 8.3944 2.357%
1962 1,041,551 512,360 529,191 25,269 8.5976 2.426%
1963 1,067,295 524,886 542,409 26,218 8.8101 2.457%
1964 1,094,042 537,919 556,123 27,276 9.0309 2.493%
1965 1,121,739 551,436 570,304 28,118 9.2596 2.507%
1966 1,150,264 565,379 584,886 28,933 9.495 2.515%
1967 1,179,554 579,689 599,865 29,647 9.7368 2.514%
1968 1,209,602 594,356 615,246 30,448 9.9848 2.517%
1969 1,240,562 609,510 631,052 31,471 10.2404 2.537%
1970 1,272,748 625,299 647,449 32,902 10.5061 2.585%
1971 1,306,234 641,737 664,496 34,070 10.7825 2.608%
1972 1,340,838 658,748 682,090 35,137 11.0681 2.621%
1973 1,376,516 676,310 700,206 36,221 11.3626 2.632%
1974 1,413,220 694,267 718,954 37,187 11.6656 2.632%
1975 1,450,867 712,442 738,425 38,106 11.9764 2.627%
1976 1,489,656 731,048 758,607 39,471 12.2966 2.65%
1977 1,529,802 750,300 779,502 40,821 12.628 2.669%
1978 1,571,193 770,202 800,992 41,962 12.9696 2.671%
1979 1,613,829 790,775 823,054 43,309 13.3216 2.684%
1980 1,657,982 812,236 845,746 44,997 13.686 2.714%
1981 1,703,789 834,674 869,114 46,618 14.0642 2.736%
1982 1,751,045 857,745 893,301 47,895 14.4542 2.735%
1983 1,799,814 881,487 918,327 49,643 14.8568 2.758%
1984 1,849,594 905,768 943,826 49,917 15.2677 2.699%
1985 1,899,243 929,960 969,282 49,379 15.6776 2.6%
1986 1,949,611 954,626 994,986 51,359 16.0933 2.634%
1987 2,000,355 979,510 1,020,845 50,129 16.5122 2.506%
1988 2,051,545 1,004,548 1,046,998 52,252 16.9348 2.547%
1989 2,102,132 1,029,276 1,072,855 48,919 17.3523 2.327%
1990 2,149,960 1,052,778 1,097,182 46,738 17.7471 2.174%
1991 2,039,220 998,866 1,040,354 -268,218 16.833 -13.172%
1992 1,921,153 941,490 979,664 32,084 15.8584 1.67%
1993 1,981,419 971,841 1,009,578 88,449 16.3559 4.465%
1994 2,042,500 1,002,614 1,039,886 33,712 16.8601 1.651%
1995 2,157,220 1,060,244 1,096,976 195,729 17.8071 9.079%
1996 2,264,074 1,113,928 1,150,146 17,977 18.6891 0.794%
1997 2,291,561 1,127,830 1,163,731 36,998 18.916 1.615%
1998 2,322,753 1,141,498 1,181,255 25,387 19.1735 1.093%
1999 2,356,477 1,153,127 1,203,350 42,059 19.4519 1.785%
2000 2,392,880 1,168,024 1,224,856 30,747 19.7524 1.285%
2001 2,461,926 1,202,597 1,259,330 107,347 20.3223 4.361%
2002 2,547,424 1,245,585 1,301,839 63,648 21.0281 2.499%
2003 2,653,390 1,298,813 1,354,578 148,285 21.9028 5.59%
2004 2,763,140 1,353,934 1,409,206 71,213 22.8087 2.577%
2005 2,831,732 1,388,443 1,443,290 65,972 23.3749 2.33%
2006 2,880,093 1,412,834 1,467,258 30,750 23.7741 1.068%
2007 2,926,168 1,436,133 1,490,034 61,399 24.1545 2.098%
2008 3,005,779 1,476,246 1,529,533 97,824 24.8116 3.255%
2009 3,083,888 1,515,585 1,568,302 58,394 25.4564 1.894%
2010 3,147,727 1,547,741 1,599,986 69,284 25.9834 2.201%
2011 3,207,570 1,577,850 1,629,719 50,402 26.4773 1.571%
2012 3,252,596 1,600,542 1,652,054 39,650 26.849 1.219%
2013 3,296,367 1,622,649 1,673,718 47,892 27.2103 1.453%
2014 3,323,425 1,636,349 1,687,076 6,224 27.4337 0.187%
2015 3,340,006 1,644,779 1,695,227 26,938 27.5705 0.807%
2016 3,365,288 1,657,572 1,707,716 23,625 27.7792 0.702%
2017 3,396,933 1,673,563 1,723,370 39,666 28.0405 1.168%
2018 3,445,374 1,697,963 1,747,412 57,217 28.4403 1.661%
2019 3,498,818 1,724,860 1,773,958 49,670 28.8815 1.42%
2020 3,555,868 1,753,513 1,802,355 64,430 29.3524 1.812%
2021 3,620,312 1,785,840 1,834,472 64,458 29.8844 1.781%
2022 3,684,032 1,817,878 1,866,154 62,981 30.4104 1.71%
2023 3,748,902 1,850,523 1,898,379 66,759 30.9458 1.781%
2024 3,817,651 1,885,109 1,932,542 70,739 31.5133 1.853%

Statements that can be derived from Eritrea's population data

  • Eritrea has a population of 3,817,651 people, as of July 1, 2024.
  • Eritrea's population is equivalent to 0.05% of the total world population.
  • In 2024, Eritrea's population will grow with 70,739 people.
  • In 2024, 13,918 more people will emigrate from Eritrea than immigrate to the country.
  • The median age of the population in Eritrea is 18.93 years.
  • In Eritrea there are 31.51 people per square kilometers (0.386102 square miles), if spaced out evenly.
  • 24.72 infants die at birth out of a 1000 new born in Eritrea.
  • In Eritrea, 1,885,109 of the total population are male, and 1,932,542 are female.

Future Population of Eritrea (2024 - 2100)

Eritrea's population is set to incease in the future from 3,817,651 people to 8,575,294 people. An increase of the population size by 942.49% from 2024 to 2100.

Year Total Male Female People +/- Density (p/kmยฒ) Growth Rate
2024 3,817,651 1,885,109 1,932,542 70,739 31.5133 1.853%
2025 3,889,630 1,921,306 1,968,323 73,219 32.1075 1.882%
2026 3,963,932 1,958,658 2,005,274 75,386 32.7208 1.902%
2027 4,040,638 1,997,208 2,043,430 78,026 33.354 1.931%
2028 4,119,756 2,036,959 2,082,797 80,211 34.0071 1.947%
2029 4,200,710 2,077,623 2,123,086 81,697 34.6753 1.945%
2030 4,283,355 2,119,129 2,164,226 83,591 35.3575 1.952%
2031 4,367,625 2,161,434 2,206,191 84,950 36.0532 1.945%
2032 4,453,047 2,204,300 2,248,746 85,893 36.7583 1.929%
2033 4,539,275 2,247,556 2,291,719 86,563 37.4701 1.907%
2034 4,625,813 2,290,946 2,334,867 86,514 38.1844 1.87%
2035 4,712,526 2,334,404 2,378,122 86,913 38.9002 1.844%
2036 4,799,286 2,377,867 2,421,419 86,606 39.6164 1.805%
2037 4,885,821 2,421,201 2,464,620 86,464 40.3307 1.77%
2038 4,972,304 2,464,490 2,507,814 86,501 41.0446 1.74%
2039 5,058,644 2,507,685 2,550,959 86,179 41.7573 1.704%
2040 5,144,492 2,550,610 2,593,882 85,517 42.4659 1.662%
2041 5,229,664 2,593,173 2,636,492 84,828 43.169 1.622%
2042 5,314,210 2,635,390 2,678,820 84,264 43.8669 1.586%
2043 5,398,164 2,677,278 2,720,887 83,645 44.5599 1.55%
2044 5,481,647 2,718,906 2,762,740 83,320 45.249 1.52%
2045 5,564,344 2,760,116 2,804,228 82,073 45.9316 1.475%
2046 5,646,148 2,800,846 2,845,302 81,537 46.6069 1.444%
2047 5,726,855 2,841,002 2,885,852 79,875 47.2731 1.395%
2048 5,806,460 2,880,581 2,925,878 79,335 47.9302 1.366%
2049 5,885,492 2,919,845 2,965,646 78,729 48.5826 1.338%
2050 5,964,021 2,958,830 3,005,191 78,330 49.2308 1.313%
2051 6,042,217 2,997,622 3,044,594 78,061 49.8763 1.292%
2052 6,119,993 3,036,180 3,083,814 77,493 50.5183 1.266%
2053 6,197,145 3,074,398 3,122,747 76,811 51.1552 1.239%
2054 6,273,696 3,112,290 3,161,405 76,289 51.7871 1.216%
2055 6,349,892 3,149,987 3,199,904 76,103 52.4161 1.199%
2056 6,425,656 3,187,440 3,238,216 75,426 53.0415 1.174%
2057 6,501,065 3,224,678 3,276,387 75,392 53.6639 1.16%
2058 6,575,913 3,261,605 3,314,308 74,304 54.2818 1.13%
2059 6,649,906 3,298,076 3,351,830 73,681 54.8926 1.108%
2060 6,723,288 3,334,210 3,389,078 73,084 55.4983 1.087%
2061 6,795,826 3,369,884 3,425,942 71,992 56.0971 1.059%
2062 6,867,638 3,405,165 3,462,474 71,633 56.6899 1.043%
2063 6,939,155 3,440,276 3,498,880 71,400 57.2802 1.029%
2064 7,009,836 3,474,936 3,534,901 69,963 57.8637 0.998%
2065 7,079,189 3,508,903 3,570,286 68,742 58.4362 0.971%
2066 7,147,496 3,542,318 3,605,178 67,872 59.0 0.95%
2067 7,214,710 3,575,152 3,639,558 66,557 59.5548 0.923%
2068 7,280,786 3,607,392 3,673,394 65,594 60.1003 0.901%
2069 7,345,533 3,638,942 3,706,590 63,900 60.6347 0.87%
2070 7,408,628 3,669,643 3,738,985 62,290 61.1556 0.841%
2071 7,470,514 3,699,727 3,770,788 61,483 61.6664 0.823%
2072 7,531,185 3,729,182 3,802,002 59,858 62.1672 0.795%
2073 7,590,222 3,757,808 3,832,413 58,215 62.6545 0.767%
2074 7,647,724 3,785,660 3,862,064 56,789 63.1292 0.743%
2075 7,703,768 3,812,778 3,890,990 55,299 63.5918 0.718%
2076 7,758,382 3,839,191 3,919,191 53,930 64.0426 0.695%
2077 7,811,371 3,864,794 3,946,576 52,048 64.48 0.666%
2078 7,862,581 3,889,513 3,973,068 50,372 64.9028 0.641%
2079 7,912,056 3,913,395 3,998,661 48,578 65.3112 0.614%
2080 7,959,756 3,936,436 4,023,320 46,821 65.7049 0.588%
2081 8,005,458 3,958,506 4,046,951 44,583 66.0822 0.557%
2082 8,049,431 3,979,740 4,069,690 43,363 66.4451 0.539%
2083 8,091,956 4,000,311 4,091,646 41,689 66.7962 0.515%
2084 8,132,708 4,020,047 4,112,660 39,813 67.1326 0.49%
2085 8,171,622 4,038,911 4,132,710 38,015 67.4538 0.465%
2086 8,208,962 4,057,064 4,151,898 36,665 67.762 0.447%
2087 8,244,855 4,074,585 4,170,270 35,122 68.0583 0.426%
2088 8,279,157 4,091,388 4,187,770 33,485 68.3415 0.404%
2089 8,311,896 4,107,479 4,204,417 31,991 68.6117 0.385%
2090 8,343,092 4,122,892 4,220,201 30,401 68.8692 0.364%
2091 8,372,516 4,137,524 4,234,991 28,446 69.1121 0.34%
2092 8,400,317 4,151,446 4,248,870 27,156 69.3416 0.323%
2093 8,426,890 4,164,850 4,262,040 25,991 69.5609 0.308%
2094 8,452,049 4,177,635 4,274,414 24,326 69.7686 0.288%
2095 8,475,772 4,189,798 4,285,974 23,121 69.9644 0.273%
2096 8,498,359 4,201,484 4,296,874 22,052 70.1509 0.259%
2097 8,519,694 4,212,623 4,307,072 20,619 70.327 0.242%
2098 8,539,595 4,223,126 4,316,468 19,182 70.4913 0.225%
2099 8,558,090 4,233,007 4,325,084 17,809 70.6439 0.208%
2100 8,575,294 4,242,298 4,332,996 16,599 70.786 0.194%

Population Density of Eritrea

Today, Eritrea has a population density of 31.5133 people per square kilometer. The country has seen a change in density from 6.7901 people/kmยฒ since the 1950 to 31.5133 people/kmยฒ in 2024. In the future, Eritrea is projected to reach a population density of 70.786 people per square kilometer, by the year 2100.

Population Density of Eritrea Between 1950 - 2100

View Detailed Population Density Data for Eritrea

Growth Rate of Eritrea's Population

The population growth rate of Eritrea currently stands at 1.853% as of July 1, 2024. This is an increase by 0.143 percentage points when compared to data from previous year. By 2024, the population growth rate of Eritrea will increase to 1.853%. If we look further into the future, we can see that Eritrea's population growth is projected to land at a positive rate of 0.194% by the year 2100.

Population Growth Rate of Eritrea Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Growth Rate
1950 1.428%
1960 2.29%
1970 2.585%
1980 2.714%
1990 2.174%
2000 1.285%
2010 2.201%
2020 1.812%
Year Growth Rate
2030 1.952%
2040 1.662%
2050 1.313%
2060 1.087%
2070 0.841%
2080 0.588%
2090 0.364%
2100 0.194%
View Detailed Population Growth Rate Data for Eritrea

Life Expectancy of Eritrea

Today, Eritrea has an average life expectancy of 68.7338 years of age. The country has seen a change in life expectancy from 33.3531 years since the 1950 to 68.7338 years in 2024. In the future, Eritrea is projected to reach a population life expectancy of 82.5599 years of age, by the year 2100.

Life Expectancy of Eritrea Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Life Expectancy (Age)
1950 33,353
1960 37,500
1970 41,089
1980 44,584
1990 49,768
2000 56,110
2010 63,786
2020 67,133
Year Life Expectancy (Age)
2030 70,230
2040 72,338
2050 74,184
2060 75,937
2070 77,615
2080 79,305
2090 80,949
2100 82,559
View Detailed Life Expectancy Data for Eritrea

Migration to and from Eritrea

In 2024 Eritrea will see net migrations of -13,918 people. This means that 13,918 more people will emigrate from Eritrea than immigrate to the country this year. An increase of net migrations when compared to the previous year of 2022, when the net migrations of Eritrea was -17,152.

Net Migration for Eritrea Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Net Migration
1950 163
1960 1,059
1970 1,487
1980 1,995
1990 -12,442
2000 -33,196
2010 -13,369
2020 -14,987
Year Net Migration
2030 -8,006
2040 -7,000
2050 -7,000
2060 -7,000
2070 -7,000
2080 -7,000
2090 -7,000
2100 -7,000
View Detailed Migration Data for Eritrea

Births in Eritrea

In 2024, Eritrea will see 107,286 babies be born. That is an increase when compared to the ammount of births recorded by Eritrea in 2022, when the country saw 104,981 new borns.

Births Eritrea Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Births
1950 36,888
1960 47,232
1970 59,830
1980 74,521
1990 91,997
2000 90,648
2010 106,281
2020 102,300
Year Births
2030 115,732
2040 119,984
2050 117,525
2060 118,340
2070 115,614
2080 111,025
2090 106,727
2100 101,305
View Detailed Birth Data for Eritrea

Deaths in Eritrea

In 2024, 22,632 people will die in Eritrea. That is a decrease of Eritrea's death count when compared to 2022, when the country recorded 24,842 deaths.

Deaths Eritrea Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Deaths
1950 25,310
1960 25,541
1970 28,417
1980 31,527
1990 32,810
2000 26,709
2010 23,635
2020 22,895
Year Births
2030 24,134
2040 27,472
2050 32,191
2060 38,261
2070 46,325
2080 57,199
2090 69,334
2100 77,698
View Detailed Death Data for Eritrea

Median Age in Eritrea

The median age of Eritrea has been on an upward trend since the 1950's and it will continue well into the future. When the median age of Eritrea will reach 39.0605 years of age, by the year 2100.

Median Age in Eritrea Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Median Age
1950 16.3182
1960 17.3961
1970 17.3251
1980 16.5044
1990 16.1951
2000 16.23
2010 17.3217
2020 17.9645
Year Median Age
2030 20.6299
2040 23.1477
2050 25.5115
2060 28.389
2070 31.4561
2080 34.3614
2090 36.8339
2100 39.0605
View Detailed Median Age Data for Eritrea

Fertility Rate in Eritrea

The fertility rate of Eritrea has been on a downward trend since the 1950's and it will continue well into the future. When the total fertility rate of Eritrea will reach 1.8762 births per woman, by the year 2100.

Fertility Rate in Eritrea Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Total Fertility Rate (births per woman)
1950 6.5225
1960 6.4826
1970 6.5407
1980 6.614
1990 6.3379
2000 5.3971
2010 4.5708
2020 3.9334
Year Total Fertility Rate (births per woman)
2030 3.2508
2040 2.8028
2050 2.4831
2060 2.2632
2070 2.11
2080 2.0183
2090 1.9411
2100 1.8762
View Detailed Fertility Rate Data for Eritrea

Infant Mortality Rate in Eritrea

The infant mortality rate is recorded as infant deaths under 1 year for every 1,000 live births. It gives us an insight into the maternal and infant health of Eritrea while at the same time being an important marker for the overall health of the country. The infant mortality rate of Eritrea has been on a positive downward trend since the 1950's when the infant mortality rate of the country was 209.1874. Today, Eritrea has a much better infant mortality rate of 24.7211 infant deaths for every 1,000 live births. This is set to improve even further in the future when Eritrea is projected to record an infant mortality rate of only 3.6222 infant deaths for every 1,000 live births, by the year 2100.

Infant Mortality Rate in Eritrea Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Infant Mortality Rate
1950 209.1874
1960 171.9301
1970 140.3349
1980 115.3055
1990 93.9134
2000 58.107
2010 39.0325
2020 29.6936
Year Infant Mortality Rate
2030 19.4706
2040 13.4429
2050 10.1582
2060 7.7705
2070 6.0661
2080 5.0625
2090 4.2641
2100 3.6222
View Detailed Infant Mortality Rate Data for Eritrea

Data Information

Data found on this page is based on the medium fertility variant of the United Nations Revision of World Population Prospects 2022.

Data Sources

The United Nations - Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Population Division)

UN Revision of World Population Prospects 2022

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