๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Population of Eswatini

1,222,075
Current Population of Eswatini
12,638
Net population growth this year
70.38
Population Density (people/kmยฒ)

As of July 1, 2024 the population of Eswatini reached 1,222,075, of which 605,143 people are male and 616,932 female. The country has a population density of 70.3839 people per square kilometer. With an overall population growth rate of 1.034% for the year. According to the latest data, Eswatini is set to increase its population size by 12,638 people next year. Making the total population count of Eswatini 1,222,075 people by 2024.

Historic Population of Eswatini (1950 - 2024)

Between 1950 and 2024 the population of Eswatini grown from 271,642 people to 1,222,075. An increase of the population size by 349.88% in 73 years.

Year Total Male Female People +/- Density (p/kmยฒ) Growth Rate
1950 271,642 132,208 139,435 6,883 15.6449 2.534%
1951 278,562 135,530 143,032 6,956 16.0434 2.497%
1952 285,562 138,876 146,685 7,044 16.4466 2.467%
1953 292,637 142,251 150,386 7,106 16.8541 2.428%
1954 299,806 145,668 154,137 7,231 17.2669 2.412%
1955 307,078 149,125 157,953 7,314 17.6858 2.382%
1956 314,444 152,618 161,827 7,419 18.11 2.36%
1957 321,926 156,149 165,776 7,543 18.5409 2.343%
1958 329,538 159,731 169,807 7,681 18.9793 2.331%
1959 337,262 163,350 173,913 7,769 19.4242 2.304%
1960 345,065 166,980 178,085 7,836 19.8736 2.271%
1961 352,972 170,635 182,337 7,977 20.3289 2.26%
1962 361,070 174,364 186,706 8,220 20.7954 2.277%
1963 369,527 178,271 191,256 8,695 21.2825 2.353%
1964 378,531 182,488 196,043 9,312 21.801 2.46%
1965 388,317 187,155 201,162 10,260 22.3646 2.642%
1966 398,860 192,233 206,628 10,827 22.9719 2.715%
1967 409,638 197,284 212,354 10,728 23.5926 2.619%
1968 420,373 202,081 218,292 10,743 24.2109 2.556%
1969 431,366 206,898 224,468 11,242 24.844 2.606%
1970 442,865 211,931 230,934 11,756 25.5062 2.655%
1971 454,913 217,212 237,701 12,339 26.2001 2.713%
1972 467,512 222,755 244,756 12,859 26.9257 2.751%
1973 480,668 228,583 252,084 13,453 27.6834 2.799%
1974 494,624 234,821 259,803 14,460 28.4872 2.924%
1975 509,535 241,557 267,978 15,362 29.346 3.015%
1976 525,456 248,845 276,611 16,481 30.263 3.137%
1977 542,328 256,839 285,488 17,262 31.2347 3.183%
1978 560,236 265,592 294,644 18,555 32.2661 3.312%
1979 579,092 274,840 304,252 19,155 33.352 3.308%
1980 598,564 284,378 314,187 19,790 34.4735 3.307%
1981 616,210 292,697 323,512 15,501 35.4898 2.516%
1982 634,439 301,307 333,132 20,958 36.5397 3.304%
1983 655,506 311,640 343,866 21,175 37.753 3.231%
1984 677,303 322,348 354,955 22,420 39.0084 3.31%
1985 702,400 334,990 367,410 27,775 40.4539 3.955%
1986 730,150 349,133 381,018 27,725 42.0521 3.798%
1987 758,669 363,550 395,119 29,312 43.6946 3.864%
1988 794,434 381,579 412,855 42,218 45.7544 5.315%
1989 825,952 397,490 428,462 20,817 47.5696 2.52%
1990 854,011 411,659 442,352 35,302 49.1857 4.134%
1991 889,712 429,608 460,103 36,099 51.2418 4.058%
1992 925,165 447,396 477,769 34,808 53.2837 3.763%
1993 953,451 461,560 491,892 21,764 54.9128 2.283%
1994 953,737 461,696 492,041 -21,191 54.9293 -2.222%
1995 953,573 461,563 492,010 20,862 54.9198 2.188%
1996 973,588 471,488 502,099 19,167 56.0725 1.969%
1997 990,734 478,870 511,864 15,126 57.0601 1.527%
1998 1,005,158 484,700 520,457 13,721 57.8908 1.365%
1999 1,018,370 490,870 527,500 12,704 58.6517 1.247%
2000 1,030,496 496,570 533,927 11,549 59.3501 1.121%
2001 1,041,396 501,668 539,728 10,250 59.9779 0.984%
2002 1,050,809 505,974 544,835 8,575 60.52 0.816%
2003 1,058,797 509,632 549,165 7,402 60.9801 0.699%
2004 1,065,764 512,898 552,866 6,531 61.3813 0.613%
2005 1,071,886 515,804 556,082 5,714 61.7339 0.533%
2006 1,077,735 518,532 559,202 5,983 62.0708 0.555%
2007 1,084,008 521,419 562,588 6,565 62.4321 0.606%
2008 1,089,870 525,058 564,812 5,158 62.7697 0.473%
2009 1,094,886 529,313 565,573 4,874 63.0586 0.445%
2010 1,099,920 533,566 566,354 5,194 63.3485 0.472%
2011 1,105,371 537,868 567,504 5,709 63.6625 0.516%
2012 1,111,444 542,408 569,036 6,436 64.0122 0.579%
2013 1,118,319 547,272 571,046 7,314 64.4082 0.654%
2014 1,125,865 552,372 573,494 7,778 64.8428 0.691%
2015 1,133,936 557,649 576,287 8,364 65.3076 0.738%
2016 1,142,524 563,118 579,406 8,812 65.8022 0.771%
2017 1,151,390 568,650 582,740 8,921 66.3129 0.775%
2018 1,160,428 574,204 586,223 9,153 66.8334 0.789%
2019 1,169,613 579,801 589,812 9,218 67.3624 0.788%
2020 1,180,655 585,916 594,739 12,866 67.9983 1.09%
2021 1,192,271 591,830 600,440 10,366 68.6673 0.869%
2022 1,201,670 596,167 605,504 8,433 69.2087 0.702%
2023 1,210,822 600,050 610,772 9,869 69.7357 0.815%
2024 1,222,075 605,143 616,932 12,638 70.3839 1.034%

Statements that can be derived from Eswatini's population data

  • Eswatini has a population of 1,222,075 people, as of July 1, 2024.
  • Eswatini's population is equivalent to 0.02% of the total world population.
  • In 2024, Eswatini's population will grow with 12,638 people.
  • In 2024, 4,869 more people will emigrate from Eswatini than immigrate to the country.
  • The median age of the population in Eswatini is 21.88 years.
  • In Eswatini there are 70.38 people per square kilometers (0.386102 square miles), if spaced out evenly.
  • 33.57 infants die at birth out of a 1000 new born in Eswatini.
  • In Eswatini, 605,143 of the total population are male, and 616,932 are female.

Future Population of Eswatini (2024 - 2100)

Eswatini's population is set to incease in the future from 1,222,075 people to 1,992,790 people. An increase of the population size by 633.61% from 2024 to 2100.

Year Total Male Female People +/- Density (p/kmยฒ) Growth Rate
2024 1,222,075 605,143 616,932 12,638 70.3839 1.034%
2025 1,234,858 611,106 623,751 12,927 71.1201 1.047%
2026 1,247,889 617,195 630,694 13,135 71.8706 1.053%
2027 1,261,280 623,466 637,814 13,648 72.6418 1.082%
2028 1,275,188 629,997 645,191 14,168 73.4428 1.111%
2029 1,289,962 636,962 653,000 15,380 74.2937 1.192%
2030 1,305,985 644,547 661,438 16,666 75.2166 1.276%
2031 1,323,254 652,754 670,500 17,871 76.2111 1.351%
2032 1,341,503 661,444 680,059 18,628 77.2622 1.389%
2033 1,360,216 670,359 689,858 18,798 78.3399 1.382%
2034 1,378,991 679,299 699,692 18,751 79.4212 1.36%
2035 1,397,706 688,196 709,510 18,679 80.4991 1.336%
2036 1,416,343 697,046 719,298 18,597 81.5725 1.313%
2037 1,434,924 705,858 729,066 18,563 82.6426 1.294%
2038 1,453,393 714,600 738,793 18,376 83.7063 1.264%
2039 1,471,679 723,241 748,438 18,197 84.7595 1.236%
2040 1,489,771 731,768 758,003 17,986 85.8015 1.207%
2041 1,507,612 740,154 767,458 17,696 86.829 1.174%
2042 1,525,184 748,393 776,790 17,447 87.841 1.144%
2043 1,542,481 756,477 786,004 17,148 88.8372 1.112%
2044 1,559,524 764,418 795,106 16,937 89.8188 1.086%
2045 1,576,301 772,208 804,093 16,617 90.785 1.054%
2046 1,592,766 779,820 812,946 16,314 91.7333 1.024%
2047 1,608,885 787,244 821,640 15,924 92.6617 0.99%
2048 1,624,681 794,492 830,189 15,668 93.5714 0.964%
2049 1,640,120 801,538 838,583 15,211 94.4607 0.927%
2050 1,655,121 808,349 846,772 14,791 95.3246 0.894%
2051 1,669,762 814,970 854,792 14,489 96.1678 0.868%
2052 1,684,099 821,425 862,674 14,185 96.9935 0.842%
2053 1,698,101 827,700 870,400 13,820 97.8 0.814%
2054 1,711,770 833,800 877,970 13,518 98.5872 0.79%
2055 1,725,067 839,702 885,366 13,076 99.353 0.758%
2056 1,737,994 845,413 892,580 12,777 100.0975 0.735%
2057 1,750,671 850,997 899,674 12,579 100.8277 0.719%
2058 1,763,090 856,448 906,641 12,258 101.5429 0.695%
2059 1,775,173 861,732 913,440 11,908 102.2388 0.671%
2060 1,786,887 866,835 920,052 11,520 102.9135 0.645%
2061 1,798,251 871,770 926,482 11,208 103.568 0.623%
2062 1,809,234 876,520 932,714 10,758 104.2005 0.595%
2063 1,819,892 881,119 938,774 10,559 104.8144 0.58%
2064 1,830,239 885,572 944,667 10,134 105.4103 0.554%
2065 1,840,205 889,847 950,358 9,797 105.9842 0.532%
2066 1,849,878 893,995 955,883 9,549 106.5414 0.516%
2067 1,859,233 897,994 961,239 9,161 107.0801 0.493%
2068 1,868,233 901,832 966,400 8,839 107.5985 0.473%
2069 1,876,864 905,510 971,354 8,424 108.0956 0.449%
2070 1,885,063 908,983 976,080 7,974 108.5678 0.423%
2071 1,892,874 912,274 980,600 7,648 109.0177 0.404%
2072 1,900,383 915,429 984,954 7,370 109.4502 0.388%
2073 1,907,573 918,443 989,130 7,010 109.8643 0.367%
2074 1,914,426 921,304 993,122 6,695 110.2589 0.35%
2075 1,920,965 924,020 996,945 6,383 110.6355 0.332%
2076 1,927,170 926,585 1,000,586 6,028 110.9929 0.313%
2077 1,933,047 929,004 1,004,044 5,727 111.3314 0.296%
2078 1,938,614 931,282 1,007,332 5,407 111.652 0.279%
2079 1,943,873 933,416 1,010,457 5,110 111.9549 0.263%
2080 1,948,815 935,406 1,013,410 4,774 112.2395 0.245%
2081 1,953,501 937,284 1,016,218 4,598 112.5094 0.235%
2082 1,957,901 939,032 1,018,870 4,203 112.7629 0.215%
2083 1,962,023 940,650 1,021,373 4,038 113.0002 0.206%
2084 1,965,928 942,174 1,023,754 3,772 113.2251 0.192%
2085 1,969,526 943,558 1,025,968 3,425 113.4324 0.174%
2086 1,972,813 944,794 1,028,020 3,149 113.6217 0.16%
2087 1,975,841 945,914 1,029,926 2,906 113.7961 0.147%
2088 1,978,620 946,933 1,031,688 2,653 113.9561 0.134%
2089 1,981,136 947,835 1,033,300 2,377 114.101 0.12%
2090 1,983,362 948,604 1,034,758 2,077 114.2293 0.105%
2091 1,985,308 949,258 1,036,050 1,814 114.3413 0.091%
2092 1,987,035 949,833 1,037,202 1,640 114.4408 0.083%
2093 1,988,571 950,338 1,038,233 1,432 114.5292 0.072%
2094 1,989,889 950,751 1,039,137 1,204 114.6051 0.061%
2095 1,990,934 951,045 1,039,888 885 114.6653 0.044%
2096 1,991,718 951,234 1,040,484 685 114.7105 0.034%
2097 1,992,287 951,338 1,040,949 452 114.7432 0.023%
2098 1,992,611 951,340 1,041,271 196 114.7619 0.01%
2099 1,992,776 951,277 1,041,499 135 114.7714 0.007%
2100 1,992,790 951,154 1,041,637 -108 114.7722 -0.005%

Population Density of Eswatini

Today, Eswatini has a population density of 70.3839 people per square kilometer. The country has seen a change in density from 15.6449 people/kmยฒ since the 1950 to 70.3839 people/kmยฒ in 2024. In the future, Eswatini is projected to reach a population density of 114.7722 people per square kilometer, by the year 2100.

Population Density of Eswatini Between 1950 - 2100

View Detailed Population Density Data for Eswatini

Growth Rate of Eswatini's Population

The population growth rate of Eswatini currently stands at 1.034% as of July 1, 2024. This is an increase by 0.332 percentage points when compared to data from previous year. By 2024, the population growth rate of Eswatini will increase to 1.034%. If we look further into the future, we can see that Eswatini's population growth is projected to land at a negative rate of -0.005% by the year 2100.

Population Growth Rate of Eswatini Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Growth Rate
1950 2.534%
1960 2.271%
1970 2.655%
1980 3.307%
1990 4.134%
2000 1.121%
2010 0.472%
2020 1.09%
Year Growth Rate
2030 1.276%
2040 1.207%
2050 0.894%
2060 0.645%
2070 0.423%
2080 0.245%
2090 0.105%
2100 -0.005%
View Detailed Population Growth Rate Data for Eswatini

Life Expectancy of Eswatini

Today, Eswatini has an average life expectancy of 61.6426 years of age. The country has seen a change in life expectancy from 42.9727 years since the 1950 to 61.6426 years in 2024. In the future, Eswatini is projected to reach a population life expectancy of 73.5736 years of age, by the year 2100.

Life Expectancy of Eswatini Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Life Expectancy (Age)
1950 42,972
1960 45,813
1970 50,804
1980 57,846
1990 63,071
2000 47,256
2010 46,619
2020 59,692
Year Life Expectancy (Age)
2030 62,853
2040 64,695
2050 66,358
2060 67,907
2070 69,345
2080 70,749
2090 72,149
2100 73,573
View Detailed Life Expectancy Data for Eswatini

Migration to and from Eswatini

In 2024 Eswatini will see net migrations of -4,869 people. This means that 4,869 more people will emigrate from Eswatini than immigrate to the country this year. An increase of net migrations when compared to the previous year of 2022, when the net migrations of Eswatini was -5,733.

Net Migration for Eswatini Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Net Migration
1950 -1,028
1960 -2,082
1970 -3,059
1980 -2,808
1990 7,169
2000 -6,689
2010 -10,467
2020 -4,897
Year Net Migration
2030 -203
2040 2,000
2050 2,000
2060 2,000
2070 2,000
2080 2,000
2090 2,000
2100 2,000
View Detailed Migration Data for Eswatini

Births in Eswatini

In 2024, Eswatini will see 28,210 babies be born. That is a decrease when compared to the ammount of births recorded by Eswatini in 2022, when the country saw 28,476 new borns.

Births Eswatini Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Births
1950 13,745
1960 16,453
1970 21,672
1980 29,153
1990 34,210
2000 33,251
2010 33,241
2020 29,120
Year Births
2030 28,426
2040 29,410
2050 28,268
2060 27,417
2070 26,612
2080 25,583
2090 24,547
2100 23,518
View Detailed Birth Data for Eswatini

Deaths in Eswatini

In 2024, 10,706 people will die in Eswatini. That is a decrease of Eswatini's death count when compared to 2022, when the country recorded 14,312 deaths.

Deaths Eswatini Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Deaths
1950 5,842
1960 6,533
1970 6,852
1980 6,547
1990 6,085
2000 15,013
2010 17,582
2020 11,361
Year Births
2030 11,554
2040 13,430
2050 15,465
2060 17,903
2070 20,627
2080 22,801
2090 24,471
2100 25,615
View Detailed Death Data for Eswatini

Median Age in Eswatini

The median age of Eswatini has been on an upward trend since the 1950's and it will continue well into the future. When the median age of Eswatini will reach 38.1334 years of age, by the year 2100.

Median Age in Eswatini Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Median Age
1950 17.287
1960 15.341
1970 14.9492
1980 14.254
1990 14.8712
2000 16.1809
2010 18.4023
2020 21.2708
Year Median Age
2030 23.1664
2040 26.0605
2050 28.8337
2060 31.1092
2070 33.2192
2080 35.2135
2090 36.8494
2100 38.1334
View Detailed Median Age Data for Eswatini

Fertility Rate in Eswatini

The fertility rate of Eswatini has been on a downward trend since the 1950's and it will continue well into the future. When the total fertility rate of Eswatini will reach 1.7649 births per woman, by the year 2100.

Fertility Rate in Eswatini Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Total Fertility Rate (births per woman)
1950 6.7318
1960 6.7521
1970 6.7571
1980 6.5431
1990 5.2502
2000 3.9957
2010 3.3561
2020 2.8896
Year Total Fertility Rate (births per woman)
2030 2.5217
2040 2.2561
2050 2.0888
2060 1.9743
2070 1.8818
2080 1.8376
2090 1.8013
2100 1.7649
View Detailed Fertility Rate Data for Eswatini

Infant Mortality Rate in Eswatini

The infant mortality rate is recorded as infant deaths under 1 year for every 1,000 live births. It gives us an insight into the maternal and infant health of Eswatini while at the same time being an important marker for the overall health of the country. The infant mortality rate of Eswatini has been on a positive downward trend since the 1950's when the infant mortality rate of the country was 148.4014. Today, Eswatini has a much better infant mortality rate of 33.5657 infant deaths for every 1,000 live births. This is set to improve even further in the future when Eswatini is projected to record an infant mortality rate of only 12.167 infant deaths for every 1,000 live births, by the year 2100.

Infant Mortality Rate in Eswatini Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Infant Mortality Rate
1950 148.4014
1960 132.1893
1970 110.8338
1980 78.7866
1990 49.8125
2000 77.7642
2010 61.3126
2020 35.8304
Year Infant Mortality Rate
2030 30.8603
2040 26.8442
2050 23.5443
2060 20.8898
2070 18.4139
2080 16.0001
2090 14.0027
2100 12.167
View Detailed Infant Mortality Rate Data for Eswatini

Data Information

Data found on this page is based on the medium fertility variant of the United Nations Revision of World Population Prospects 2022.

Data Sources

The United Nations - Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Population Division)

UN Revision of World Population Prospects 2022

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