๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Population Growth Rate of Gambia

The current population growth rate of Gambia is 2.432%. A -1.06% decrease from 2023, when the population growth rate was 2.458%. In the future, Gambia's population growth rate is projected to decrease to 0.138%, by the year 2100. A total decrease of the population growth rate of Gambia by -94.33% from today's standard.

Historic Population Growth Rate of Gambia (1950-2024)

Gambia has seen a decrease in population growth rate since the 1950's.

Year Population Growth Rate Overall Population +/-
1950 2.483% 7,617
1951 2.558% 8,048
1952 2.596% 8,380
1953 2.631% 8,719
1954 2.648% 9,008
1955 2.651% 9,260
1956 2.645% 9,487
1957 2.673% 9,846
1958 2.704% 10,234
1959 2.724% 10,591
1960 2.746% 10,973
1961 2.759% 11,333
1962 2.767% 11,685
1963 2.773% 12,041
1964 2.77% 12,362
1965 2.768% 12,703
1966 2.754% 12,989
1967 2.838% 13,767
1968 2.859% 14,272
1969 2.881% 14,797
1970 2.893% 15,295
1971 2.917% 15,875
1972 2.961% 16,599
1973 2.991% 17,270
1974 2.952% 17,562
1975 3.01% 18,448
1976 3.09% 19,523
1977 3.153% 20,556
1978 3.199% 21,524
1979 3.286% 22,838
1980 3.343% 24,023
1981 3.298% 24,498
1982 3.431% 26,354
1983 3.549% 28,228
1984 3.667% 30,243
1985 3.748% 32,077
1986 3.821% 33,966
1987 3.886% 35,903
1988 3.949% 37,942
1989 3.986% 39,848
1990 4.029% 41,919
1991 4.054% 43,922
1992 3.843% 43,311
1993 3.339% 39,001
1994 2.998% 36,147
1995 2.93% 36,397
1996 2.927% 37,434
1997 2.918% 38,430
1998 2.946% 39,944
1999 2.913% 40,676
2000 2.88% 41,404
2001 2.867% 42,417
2002 2.833% 43,129
2003 2.869% 44,940
2004 2.915% 46,996
2005 2.969% 49,290
2006 3.072% 52,562
2007 3.095% 54,617
2008 3.115% 56,699
2009 3.113% 58,456
2010 3.09% 59,856
2011 3.104% 62,018
2012 3.085% 63,586
2013 3.018% 64,125
2014 2.932% 64,174
2015 2.843% 64,055
2016 2.766% 64,089
2017 2.682% 63,863
2018 2.602% 63,605
2019 2.564% 64,331
2020 2.56% 65,892
2021 2.498% 65,949
2022 2.447% 66,204
2023 2.458% 68,148
2024 2.432% 69,123

Future Population Growth Rate of Gambia (2024-2100)

Gambia's population growth rate is projected to decrease in the future. According to the United Nation, it will drop from today's growth rate of 2.458% all the way down to 0.138% by the year 2100. The yearly downward trend is clearly visible from the charts and data below.

Year Population Growth Rate Overall Population +/-
2024 2.432% 69,123
2025 2.394% 69,685
2026 2.351% 70,091
2027 2.305% 70,333
2028 2.256% 70,422
2029 2.225% 71,032
2030 2.189% 71,446
2031 2.146% 71,559
2032 2.108% 71,825
2033 2.08% 72,367
2034 2.034% 72,220
2035 2.002% 72,543
2036 1.966% 72,652
2037 1.922% 72,452
2038 1.881% 72,236
2039 1.836% 71,862
2040 1.791% 71,375
2041 1.755% 71,177
2042 1.704% 70,299
2043 1.665% 69,882
2044 1.633% 69,690
2045 1.594% 69,127
2046 1.563% 68,870
2047 1.52% 67,995
2048 1.478% 67,103
2049 1.435% 66,099
2050 1.414% 66,071
2051 1.377% 65,250
2052 1.342% 64,452
2053 1.315% 64,001
2054 1.282% 63,244
2055 1.24% 61,958
2056 1.213% 61,346
2057 1.188% 60,818
2058 1.153% 59,713
2059 1.124% 58,853
2060 1.093% 57,879
2061 1.065% 57,022
2062 1.042% 56,362
2063 1.012% 55,291
2064 0.984% 54,341
2065 0.958% 53,399
2066 0.934% 52,576
2067 0.907% 51,504
2068 0.87% 49,821
2069 0.842% 48,674
2070 0.819% 47,750
2071 0.791% 46,442
2072 0.763% 45,155
2073 0.734% 43,784
2074 0.711% 42,724
2075 0.685% 41,450
2076 0.654% 39,802
2077 0.629% 38,559
2078 0.609% 37,547
2079 0.581% 36,056
2080 0.556% 34,677
2081 0.537% 33,693
2082 0.509% 32,113
2083 0.482% 30,521
2084 0.454% 28,900
2085 0.431% 27,584
2086 0.412% 26,449
2087 0.382% 24,649
2088 0.371% 24,021
2089 0.345% 22,410
2090 0.325% 21,182
2091 0.305% 19,969
2092 0.28% 18,367
2093 0.26% 17,108
2094 0.243% 16,027
2095 0.226% 14,952
2096 0.209% 13,813
2097 0.185% 12,296
2098 0.171% 11,360
2099 0.152% 10,141
2100 0.138% 9,224

Why is the chart for future population growth rate mostly flat?

Predicting and projecting future population growth rate is extremely hard. Especially, the further you move into the future. Thus, the scientist and data collectors of the United Nations tend to add a flat number when reasonable projections can't be made.

Understanding Population Growth Rate: How Births, Deaths, and Migration Impact Population Size of Gambia

Population growth rate is defined as the annual average rate of change of population size, for a given country, territory, or geographic area, during a specified period. It is considered an international standard for measuring population change. The United Nations uses population growth rate as one of the key indicators for measuring population trends, and for forecasting future population size. Part of that data is used on this page to visualize and explore historic and future population growth rate over time.

What is Population Growth Rate?

Population growth rate is a measure of how quickly a population is increasing or decreasing in size over time. It is expressed as a percentage of change over a time period. Most commonly, its typically messured on a yearly basis, allowing you to evaluate percentage on year over year basis. However, population growth rate can be applied and calculated on any timeframe.

  • Population growth rate is used to indicate population increase or decrease in size over time.
  • It is measured as a percentage of change, from previous to current population size.
  • It is often expressed as a yearly rate, but can be applied to any timeframe.
  • A positive population growth rate indicates that a population is increasing.
  • A negative population growth rate indicates that a population is decreasing.
  • Birth rate, death rate, and migration affect the population growth rate.
  • A high birth rate and low death rate will result in a high population growth rate.
  • A low birth rate and high death rate will result in a low population growth rate.
  • Net migration also affect the population growth rate of Gambia.
  • Population growth rate is an important metric for demographic, environmental and economic forecasting.

How is Population Growth Rate calculated?

The population growth rate indicates the increase or decrease of a population in percent (%). The formula to calculate population growth rate can be used on any timeframe. In this case it indicates the population growth reate year over year, where a negative population growth rate is presented with red coloring and positive with green. The population growth rate of Gambia is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.

Population Growth Rate Formula

Population Growth Rate = New Population - Original Population / Original Population * 100

What Causes Population Growth Rate to Increase or Decrease?

Just like any other country or region, Gambia's population growth rate is influenced by a variety of factors that causes it to increase or decrease.

Birth Rate

The number of births per 1,000 individuals in a population over a specific period of time affects population growth. Higher birth rates contribute to population growth, while lower birth rates slow down growth.

Death Rate

The number of deaths per 1,000 individuals in a population over a specific period of time also influences population growth. Higher death rates can reduce population growth, while lower death rates contribute to growth.

Total Fertility Rate

The average number of children born to women of childbearing age is known as the total fertility rate. Higher fertility rates can lead to population growth, while lower fertility rates can result in slower growth or even population decline.

Life Expectancy

The average number of years a person is expected to live affects population growth. Higher life expectancy can result in population growth, as people live longer and contribute to the population for a greater duration.

Immigration and Emigration

Migration patterns, including immigration (inflow of individuals from other countries) and emigration (outflow of individuals to other countries), can significantly impact population growth rates. Higher immigration rates can contribute to population growth, while high emigration rates can slow down growth.

Government Policies

Government policies related to family planning, healthcare, immigration, and social welfare can also influence population growth rates. For example, policies promoting contraception and family planning can lead to lower birth rates and slower growth.

Socioeconomic Factors

Factors such as economic development, education, and urbanization can affect population growth rates. Higher levels of education and economic opportunities often correlate with lower birth rates and slower population growth.

Data Information

Data found on this page is based on the medium fertility variant of the United Nations Revision of World Population Prospects 2022.

Data Sources

The United Nations - Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Population Division)

UN Revision of World Population Prospects 2022

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