๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ธ Population Growth Rate of Iceland

The current population growth rate of Iceland is 0.623%. A -2.04% decrease from 2023, when the population growth rate was 0.636%. In the future, Iceland's population growth rate is projected to decrease to -0.27%, by the year 2100. A total decrease of the population growth rate of Iceland by -143.34% from today's standard.

Historic Population Growth Rate of Iceland (1950-2024)

Iceland has seen a decrease in population growth rate since the 1950's.

Year Population Growth Rate Overall Population +/-
1950 2.262% 3,226
1951 1.556% 2,262
1952 1.657% 2,448
1953 2.342% 3,530
1954 2.282% 3,520
1955 2.171% 3,424
1956 2.001% 3,223
1957 2.504% 4,124
1958 1.993% 3,357
1959 2.15% 3,698
1960 1.957% 3,435
1961 1.941% 3,475
1962 1.815% 3,311
1963 1.825% 3,391
1964 1.728% 3,267
1965 1.644% 3,162
1966 1.678% 3,281
1967 1.565% 3,109
1968 1.182% 2,382
1969 0.664% 1,350
1970 0.446% 912
1971 1.21% 2,494
1972 1.695% 3,546
1973 1.328% 2,820
1974 1.391% 2,994
1975 1.184% 2,583
1976 0.802% 1,767
1977 0.684% 1,517
1978 0.891% 1,992
1979 1.077% 2,432
1980 1.046% 2,388
1981 1.234% 2,850
1982 1.443% 3,377
1983 1.221% 2,895
1984 0.916% 2,195
1985 0.665% 1,607
1986 0.802% 1,952
1987 1.382% 3,399
1988 1.748% 4,369
1989 0.743% 1,881
1990 0.814% 2,075
1991 1.499% 3,868
1992 1.024% 2,675
1993 1.009% 2,663
1994 0.722% 1,923
1995 0.37% 990
1996 0.714% 1,921
1997 0.928% 2,517
1998 1.218% 3,342
1999 1.203% 3,340
2000 1.539% 4,332
2001 1.129% 3,220
2002 0.66% 1,900
2003 0.727% 2,106
2004 1.031% 3,013
2005 2.129% 6,323
2006 2.553% 7,761
2007 2.503% 7,804
2008 1.234% 3,920
2009 -0.549% -1,749
2010 0.256% 814
2011 0.346% 1,106
2012 0.706% 2,267
2013 1.18% 3,823
2014 1.042% 3,415
2015 1.032% 3,417
2016 1.732% 5,813
2017 2.94% 10,102
2018 2.416% 8,526
2019 1.977% 7,131
2020 1.27% 4,658
2021 0.722% 2,674
2022 0.658% 2,453
2023 0.636% 2,387
2024 0.623% 2,354

Future Population Growth Rate of Iceland (2024-2100)

Iceland's population growth rate is projected to decrease in the future. According to the United Nation, it will drop from today's growth rate of 0.636% all the way down to -0.27% by the year 2100. The yearly downward trend is clearly visible from the charts and data below.

Year Population Growth Rate Overall Population +/-
2024 0.623% 2,354
2025 0.602% 2,287
2026 0.579% 2,215
2027 0.551% 2,118
2028 0.524% 2,025
2029 0.494% 1,920
2030 0.465% 1,814
2031 0.438% 1,717
2032 0.413% 1,627
2033 0.386% 1,526
2034 0.36% 1,427
2035 0.335% 1,335
2036 0.311% 1,243
2037 0.289% 1,160
2038 0.261% 1,048
2039 0.24% 968
2040 0.218% 882
2041 0.197% 796
2042 0.181% 734
2043 0.157% 638
2044 0.138% 560
2045 0.119% 485
2046 0.103% 420
2047 0.081% 332
2048 0.079% 322
2049 0.054% 220
2050 0.048% 195
2051 0.04% 163
2052 0.027% 111
2053 0.016% 66
2054 0.009% 35
2055 0.002% 9
2056 -0.013% -52
2057 -0.022% -92
2058 -0.036% -146
2059 -0.045% -183
2060 -0.058% -235
2061 -0.071% -290
2062 -0.085% -345
2063 -0.096% -390
2064 -0.109% -442
2065 -0.125% -510
2066 -0.135% -549
2067 -0.148% -599
2068 -0.166% -672
2069 -0.181% -732
2070 -0.197% -797
2071 -0.207% -833
2072 -0.228% -916
2073 -0.24% -964
2074 -0.255% -1,022
2075 -0.268% -1,068
2076 -0.281% -1,117
2077 -0.297% -1,180
2078 -0.307% -1,213
2079 -0.32% -1,261
2080 -0.33% -1,298
2081 -0.341% -1,334
2082 -0.346% -1,349
2083 -0.355% -1,382
2084 -0.356% -1,378
2085 -0.359% -1,386
2086 -0.359% -1,380
2087 -0.355% -1,363
2088 -0.35% -1,338
2089 -0.345% -1,314
2090 -0.334% -1,269
2091 -0.329% -1,243
2092 -0.318% -1,200
2093 -0.306% -1,150
2094 -0.298% -1,117
2095 -0.285% -1,066
2096 -0.284% -1,058
2097 -0.28% -1,040
2098 -0.272% -1,007
2099 -0.271% -1,001
2100 -0.27% -995

Why is the chart for future population growth rate mostly flat?

Predicting and projecting future population growth rate is extremely hard. Especially, the further you move into the future. Thus, the scientist and data collectors of the United Nations tend to add a flat number when reasonable projections can't be made.

Understanding Population Growth Rate: How Births, Deaths, and Migration Impact Population Size of Iceland

Population growth rate is defined as the annual average rate of change of population size, for a given country, territory, or geographic area, during a specified period. It is considered an international standard for measuring population change. The United Nations uses population growth rate as one of the key indicators for measuring population trends, and for forecasting future population size. Part of that data is used on this page to visualize and explore historic and future population growth rate over time.

What is Population Growth Rate?

Population growth rate is a measure of how quickly a population is increasing or decreasing in size over time. It is expressed as a percentage of change over a time period. Most commonly, its typically messured on a yearly basis, allowing you to evaluate percentage on year over year basis. However, population growth rate can be applied and calculated on any timeframe.

  • Population growth rate is used to indicate population increase or decrease in size over time.
  • It is measured as a percentage of change, from previous to current population size.
  • It is often expressed as a yearly rate, but can be applied to any timeframe.
  • A positive population growth rate indicates that a population is increasing.
  • A negative population growth rate indicates that a population is decreasing.
  • Birth rate, death rate, and migration affect the population growth rate.
  • A high birth rate and low death rate will result in a high population growth rate.
  • A low birth rate and high death rate will result in a low population growth rate.
  • Net migration also affect the population growth rate of Iceland.
  • Population growth rate is an important metric for demographic, environmental and economic forecasting.

How is Population Growth Rate calculated?

The population growth rate indicates the increase or decrease of a population in percent (%). The formula to calculate population growth rate can be used on any timeframe. In this case it indicates the population growth reate year over year, where a negative population growth rate is presented with red coloring and positive with green. The population growth rate of Iceland is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.

Population Growth Rate Formula

Population Growth Rate = New Population - Original Population / Original Population * 100

What Causes Population Growth Rate to Increase or Decrease?

Just like any other country or region, Iceland's population growth rate is influenced by a variety of factors that causes it to increase or decrease.

Birth Rate

The number of births per 1,000 individuals in a population over a specific period of time affects population growth. Higher birth rates contribute to population growth, while lower birth rates slow down growth.

Death Rate

The number of deaths per 1,000 individuals in a population over a specific period of time also influences population growth. Higher death rates can reduce population growth, while lower death rates contribute to growth.

Total Fertility Rate

The average number of children born to women of childbearing age is known as the total fertility rate. Higher fertility rates can lead to population growth, while lower fertility rates can result in slower growth or even population decline.

Life Expectancy

The average number of years a person is expected to live affects population growth. Higher life expectancy can result in population growth, as people live longer and contribute to the population for a greater duration.

Immigration and Emigration

Migration patterns, including immigration (inflow of individuals from other countries) and emigration (outflow of individuals to other countries), can significantly impact population growth rates. Higher immigration rates can contribute to population growth, while high emigration rates can slow down growth.

Government Policies

Government policies related to family planning, healthcare, immigration, and social welfare can also influence population growth rates. For example, policies promoting contraception and family planning can lead to lower birth rates and slower growth.

Socioeconomic Factors

Factors such as economic development, education, and urbanization can affect population growth rates. Higher levels of education and economic opportunities often correlate with lower birth rates and slower population growth.

Data Information

Data found on this page is based on the medium fertility variant of the United Nations Revision of World Population Prospects 2022.

Data Sources

The United Nations - Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Population Division)

UN Revision of World Population Prospects 2022

Data Disclaimer

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