๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ Population of India

1,441,719,852
Current Population of India
12,982,108
Net population growth this year
484.91
Population Density (people/kmยฒ)

As of July 1, 2024 the population of India reached 1,441,719,852, of which 743,392,561 people are male and 698,327,290 female. The country has a population density of 484.9067 people per square kilometer. With an overall population growth rate of 0.9% for the year. According to the latest data, India is set to increase its population size by 12,982,108 people next year. Making the total population count of India 1,441,719,852 people by 2024.

Historic Population of India (1950 - 2024)

Between 1950 and 2024 the population of India grown from 357,021,100 people to 1,441,719,852. An increase of the population size by 303.82% in 73 years.

Year Total Male Female People +/- Density (p/kmยฒ) Growth Rate
1950 357,021,100 183,437,093 173,584,006 7,833,647 120.0801 2.194%
1951 364,922,360 187,619,254 177,303,106 7,968,873 122.7377 2.184%
1952 372,997,188 191,887,475 181,109,714 8,180,784 125.4535 2.193%
1953 381,227,705 196,230,287 184,997,418 8,280,250 128.2218 2.172%
1954 389,731,406 200,706,078 189,025,328 8,727,152 131.0819 2.239%
1955 398,577,992 205,350,073 193,227,919 8,966,021 134.0574 2.25%
1956 407,656,597 210,107,732 197,548,865 9,191,188 137.1108 2.255%
1957 416,935,400 214,965,294 201,970,106 9,366,417 140.2317 2.247%
1958 426,295,763 219,863,705 206,432,058 9,354,309 143.3799 2.194%
1959 435,900,352 224,885,438 211,014,915 9,854,871 146.6103 2.261%
1960 445,954,578 230,135,579 215,819,000 10,253,581 149.992 2.299%
1961 456,351,876 235,560,577 220,791,299 10,541,014 153.489 2.31%
1962 467,024,193 241,125,862 225,898,332 10,803,621 157.0785 2.313%
1963 477,933,619 246,813,291 231,120,328 11,015,231 160.7478 2.305%
1964 489,059,309 252,612,930 236,446,379 11,236,148 164.4898 2.298%
1965 500,114,346 258,373,487 241,740,858 10,873,926 168.208 2.174%
1966 510,992,617 264,041,608 246,951,009 10,882,616 171.8668 2.13%
1967 521,987,069 269,770,979 252,216,091 11,106,289 175.5647 2.128%
1968 533,431,908 275,736,482 257,695,426 11,783,389 179.414 2.209%
1969 545,314,670 281,934,206 263,380,463 11,982,134 183.4106 2.197%
1970 557,501,301 288,292,404 269,208,897 12,391,129 187.5095 2.223%
1971 569,999,178 294,818,942 275,180,236 12,604,624 191.713 2.211%
1972 582,837,973 301,529,376 281,308,597 13,072,965 196.0312 2.243%
1973 596,107,483 308,465,459 287,642,024 13,466,055 200.4942 2.259%
1974 609,721,951 315,584,062 294,137,889 13,762,883 205.0733 2.257%
1975 623,524,219 322,800,952 300,723,268 13,841,652 209.7156 2.22%
1976 637,451,448 330,077,580 307,373,867 14,012,805 214.3998 2.198%
1977 651,685,628 337,496,325 314,189,303 14,455,556 219.1873 2.218%
1978 666,267,760 345,069,608 321,198,151 14,708,707 224.0919 2.208%
1979 681,248,383 352,826,329 328,422,054 15,252,540 229.1305 2.239%
1980 696,828,385 360,875,327 335,953,058 15,907,463 234.3706 2.283%
1981 712,869,298 369,149,846 343,719,452 16,174,364 239.7658 2.269%
1982 729,169,466 377,542,520 351,626,946 16,425,971 245.2482 2.253%
1983 745,826,546 386,102,269 359,724,278 16,888,190 250.8506 2.264%
1984 762,895,156 394,865,497 368,029,660 17,249,030 256.5915 2.261%
1985 780,242,084 403,766,422 376,475,662 17,444,826 262.4259 2.236%
1986 797,878,993 412,811,682 385,067,312 17,828,992 268.3579 2.235%
1987 815,716,125 421,960,524 393,755,600 17,845,271 274.3572 2.188%
1988 833,729,681 431,194,389 402,535,292 18,181,842 280.4159 2.181%
1989 852,012,673 440,551,295 411,461,378 18,384,142 286.5652 2.158%
1990 870,452,165 449,984,059 420,468,106 18,494,842 292.7671 2.125%
1991 888,941,756 459,463,492 429,478,264 18,484,340 298.9859 2.079%
1992 907,574,049 469,046,096 438,527,953 18,780,245 305.2526 2.069%
1993 926,351,297 478,735,976 447,615,320 18,774,251 311.5681 2.027%
1994 945,261,958 488,535,405 456,726,553 19,047,073 317.9285 2.015%
1995 964,279,129 498,432,464 465,846,665 18,987,268 324.3248 1.969%
1996 983,281,218 508,349,160 474,932,058 19,016,909 330.7159 1.934%
1997 1,002,335,230 518,303,618 484,031,612 19,091,117 337.1245 1.905%
1998 1,021,434,576 528,287,412 493,147,162 19,107,573 343.5484 1.871%
1999 1,040,500,054 538,244,360 502,255,693 19,023,383 349.9608 1.828%
2000 1,059,633,675 548,223,581 511,410,095 19,243,861 356.3962 1.816%
2001 1,078,970,907 558,291,332 520,679,574 19,430,601 362.9001 1.801%
2002 1,098,313,038 568,334,873 529,978,165 19,253,663 369.4056 1.753%
2003 1,117,415,124 578,236,241 539,178,882 18,950,507 375.8304 1.696%
2004 1,136,264,583 587,990,365 548,274,218 18,748,412 382.1702 1.65%
2005 1,154,638,713 597,477,666 557,161,048 17,999,848 388.3501 1.559%
2006 1,172,373,788 606,611,392 565,762,396 17,470,302 394.3151 1.49%
2007 1,189,691,810 615,506,279 574,185,530 17,165,741 400.1399 1.443%
2008 1,206,734,806 624,242,020 582,492,786 16,920,251 405.8721 1.402%
2009 1,223,640,160 632,892,402 590,747,758 16,890,457 411.558 1.38%
2010 1,240,613,620 641,566,029 599,047,591 17,056,464 417.2668 1.375%
2011 1,257,621,191 650,244,390 607,376,800 16,958,678 422.9872 1.348%
2012 1,274,487,214 658,839,435 615,647,779 16,773,368 428.6599 1.316%
2013 1,291,132,063 667,322,884 623,809,180 16,516,329 434.2582 1.279%
2014 1,307,246,509 675,549,357 631,697,152 15,712,562 439.6781 1.202%
2015 1,322,866,505 683,543,212 639,323,292 15,527,429 444.9317 1.174%
2016 1,338,636,340 691,623,419 647,012,920 16,012,241 450.2357 1.196%
2017 1,354,195,680 699,587,888 654,607,791 15,106,439 455.4689 1.116%
2018 1,369,003,306 707,149,230 661,854,076 14,508,815 460.4493 1.06%
2019 1,383,112,050 714,325,058 668,786,993 13,708,673 465.1946 0.991%
2020 1,396,387,127 720,997,448 675,389,679 12,841,480 469.6596 0.92%
2021 1,407,563,842 726,503,429 681,060,412 9,511,950 473.4187 0.676%
2022 1,417,173,173 731,180,498 685,992,675 9,706,711 476.6507 0.685%
2023 1,428,627,663 736,851,532 691,776,131 13,202,270 480.5033 0.924%
2024 1,441,719,852 743,392,561 698,327,290 12,982,108 484.9067 0.9%

Statements that can be derived from India's population data

  • India has a population of 1,441,719,852 people, as of July 1, 2024.
  • India's population is equivalent to 18.02% of the total world population.
  • In 2024, India's population will grow with 12,982,108 people.
  • In 2024, 486,784 more people will emigrate from India than immigrate to the country.
  • The median age of the population in India is 28.62 years.
  • In India there are 484.91 people per square kilometers (0.386102 square miles), if spaced out evenly.
  • 23.48 infants die at birth out of a 1000 new born in India.
  • In India, 743,392,561 of the total population are male, and 698,327,290 are female.

Future Population of India (2024 - 2100)

India's population is set to incease in the future from 1,441,719,852 people to 1,529,850,119 people. An increase of the population size by 328.5% from 2024 to 2100.

Year Total Male Female People +/- Density (p/kmยฒ) Growth Rate
2024 1,441,719,852 743,392,561 698,327,290 12,982,108 484.9067 0.9%
2025 1,454,606,724 749,803,728 704,802,996 12,791,636 489.2411 0.879%
2026 1,467,231,210 756,056,603 711,174,607 12,457,336 493.4872 0.849%
2027 1,479,578,522 762,144,270 717,434,252 12,237,288 497.6401 0.827%
2028 1,491,671,049 768,078,172 723,592,877 11,947,767 501.7073 0.801%
2029 1,503,470,597 773,839,568 729,631,030 11,651,329 505.6759 0.775%
2030 1,514,994,080 779,438,610 735,555,471 11,395,637 509.5517 0.752%
2031 1,526,208,890 784,860,044 741,348,846 11,033,982 513.3237 0.723%
2032 1,537,108,035 790,103,645 747,004,390 10,764,307 516.9895 0.7%
2033 1,547,689,835 795,171,571 752,518,264 10,399,294 520.5486 0.672%
2034 1,557,919,806 800,046,456 757,873,350 10,060,647 523.9893 0.646%
2035 1,567,802,259 804,731,270 763,070,990 9,704,261 527.3132 0.619%
2036 1,577,302,812 809,209,368 768,093,444 9,296,845 530.5086 0.589%
2037 1,586,438,621 813,490,044 772,948,576 8,974,772 533.5813 0.566%
2038 1,595,245,783 817,594,817 777,650,966 8,639,552 536.5435 0.542%
2039 1,603,664,860 821,495,858 782,169,001 8,198,601 539.3752 0.511%
2040 1,611,676,332 825,182,468 786,493,865 7,824,345 542.0697 0.485%
2041 1,619,318,360 828,674,603 790,643,757 7,459,711 544.6401 0.461%
2042 1,626,585,377 831,971,707 794,613,670 7,074,323 547.0842 0.435%
2043 1,633,430,528 835,049,441 798,381,087 6,615,979 549.3865 0.405%
2044 1,639,837,771 837,900,865 801,936,906 6,198,505 551.5415 0.378%
2045 1,645,863,187 840,559,561 805,303,625 5,852,327 553.5681 0.356%
2046 1,651,513,758 843,028,611 808,485,147 5,448,817 555.4686 0.33%
2047 1,656,777,045 845,301,928 811,475,117 5,077,756 557.2389 0.306%
2048 1,661,705,662 847,408,798 814,296,864 4,779,478 558.8966 0.288%
2049 1,666,284,995 849,340,624 816,944,371 4,379,188 560.4368 0.263%
2050 1,670,490,596 851,084,042 819,406,554 4,032,013 561.8513 0.241%
2051 1,674,343,633 852,651,974 821,691,658 3,674,062 563.1472 0.219%
2052 1,677,872,877 854,060,344 823,812,532 3,384,426 564.3342 0.202%
2053 1,681,073,168 855,304,625 825,768,543 3,016,157 565.4106 0.179%
2054 1,683,955,036 856,391,664 827,563,373 2,747,579 566.3799 0.163%
2055 1,686,563,352 857,345,369 829,217,983 2,469,052 567.2572 0.146%
2056 1,688,894,376 858,162,975 830,731,400 2,192,995 568.0412 0.13%
2057 1,690,942,717 858,844,403 832,098,314 1,903,687 568.7301 0.113%
2058 1,692,704,323 859,387,170 833,317,153 1,619,527 569.3226 0.096%
2059 1,694,150,261 859,779,252 834,371,008 1,272,347 569.8089 0.075%
2060 1,695,285,496 860,026,088 835,259,408 998,125 570.1908 0.059%
2061 1,696,121,513 860,129,566 835,991,948 673,909 570.472 0.04%
2062 1,696,684,915 860,106,929 836,577,986 452,894 570.6614 0.027%
2063 1,696,976,687 859,958,926 837,017,761 130,649 570.7596 0.008%
2064 1,696,961,376 859,665,428 837,295,949 -161,269 570.7544 -0.01%
2065 1,696,634,194 859,228,753 837,405,441 -493,097 570.6444 -0.029%
2066 1,695,973,646 858,640,071 837,333,575 -827,997 570.4222 -0.049%
2067 1,694,997,002 857,904,242 837,092,760 -1,125,292 570.0937 -0.066%
2068 1,693,712,648 857,023,233 836,689,416 -1,443,415 569.6618 -0.085%
2069 1,692,129,032 856,004,225 836,124,806 -1,723,818 569.1291 -0.102%
2070 1,690,230,782 854,837,496 835,393,287 -2,072,681 568.4907 -0.123%
2071 1,687,990,290 853,509,828 834,480,463 -2,408,303 567.7371 -0.143%
2072 1,685,415,100 852,029,279 833,385,821 -2,742,079 566.871 -0.163%
2073 1,682,564,509 850,428,362 832,136,147 -2,959,101 565.9122 -0.176%
2074 1,679,449,251 848,709,242 830,740,009 -3,271,416 564.8644 -0.195%
2075 1,676,034,859 846,851,750 829,183,108 -3,557,369 563.716 -0.212%
2076 1,672,328,379 844,863,944 827,464,434 -3,855,591 562.4694 -0.231%
2077 1,668,352,090 842,756,805 825,595,284 -4,096,987 561.132 -0.246%
2078 1,664,100,420 840,524,488 823,575,933 -4,406,351 559.702 -0.265%
2079 1,659,592,793 838,175,917 821,416,876 -4,608,904 558.1859 -0.278%
2080 1,654,856,931 835,723,830 819,133,102 -4,862,819 556.5931 -0.294%
2081 1,649,862,776 833,152,252 816,710,524 -5,125,493 554.9133 -0.311%
2082 1,644,678,016 830,495,022 814,182,995 -5,244,025 553.1695 -0.319%
2083 1,639,364,772 827,782,415 811,582,358 -5,382,463 551.3824 -0.328%
2084 1,633,888,926 824,996,042 808,892,884 -5,569,230 549.5407 -0.341%
2085 1,628,242,630 822,128,581 806,114,050 -5,723,361 547.6416 -0.352%
2086 1,622,427,556 819,180,326 803,247,230 -5,906,789 545.6858 -0.364%
2087 1,616,451,904 816,155,493 800,296,412 -6,044,514 543.676 -0.374%
2088 1,610,366,036 813,073,806 797,292,229 -6,127,223 541.629 -0.38%
2089 1,604,195,811 809,949,788 794,246,024 -6,213,226 539.5537 -0.387%
2090 1,597,908,861 806,769,140 791,139,721 -6,360,674 537.4392 -0.398%
2091 1,591,484,819 803,515,306 787,969,514 -6,487,410 535.2785 -0.408%
2092 1,584,943,121 800,200,576 784,742,546 -6,595,985 533.0783 -0.416%
2093 1,578,296,205 796,834,393 781,461,812 -6,697,847 530.8427 -0.424%
2094 1,571,569,452 793,429,441 778,140,011 -6,755,661 528.5802 -0.43%
2095 1,564,797,337 790,002,826 774,794,510 -6,788,568 526.3025 -0.434%
2096 1,557,945,219 786,534,786 771,410,434 -6,915,667 523.9979 -0.444%
2097 1,551,000,309 783,016,812 767,983,496 -6,974,155 521.662 -0.45%
2098 1,543,990,229 779,461,173 764,529,056 -7,046,004 519.3043 -0.456%
2099 1,536,933,462 775,881,307 761,052,156 -7,067,529 516.9308 -0.46%
2100 1,529,850,119 772,287,819 757,562,300 -7,099,158 514.5484 -0.464%

Population Density of India

Today, India has a population density of 484.9067 people per square kilometer. The country has seen a change in density from 120.0801 people/kmยฒ since the 1950 to 484.9067 people/kmยฒ in 2024. In the future, India is projected to reach a population density of 514.5484 people per square kilometer, by the year 2100.

Population Density of India Between 1950 - 2100

View Detailed Population Density Data for India

Growth Rate of India's Population

The population growth rate of India currently stands at 0.9% as of July 1, 2024. This is a decrease by 0.215 percentage points when compared to data from previous year. By 2024, the population growth rate of India will decrease to 0.9%. If we look further into the future, we can see that India's population growth is projected to land at a negative rate of -0.464% by the year 2100.

Population Growth Rate of India Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Growth Rate
1950 2.194%
1960 2.299%
1970 2.223%
1980 2.283%
1990 2.125%
2000 1.816%
2010 1.375%
2020 0.92%
Year Growth Rate
2030 0.752%
2040 0.485%
2050 0.241%
2060 0.059%
2070 -0.123%
2080 -0.294%
2090 -0.398%
2100 -0.464%
View Detailed Population Growth Rate Data for India

Life Expectancy of India

Today, India has an average life expectancy of 72.2888 years of age. The country has seen a change in life expectancy from 41.7232 years since the 1950 to 72.2888 years in 2024. In the future, India is projected to reach a population life expectancy of 85.961 years of age, by the year 2100.

Life Expectancy of India Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Life Expectancy (Age)
1950 41,723
1960 45,218
1970 48,240
1980 53,611
1990 58,651
2000 62,669
2010 66,908
2020 70,149
Year Life Expectancy (Age)
2030 73,743
2040 75,893
2050 77,862
2060 79,710
2070 81,468
2080 83,131
2090 84,622
2100 85,961
View Detailed Life Expectancy Data for India

Migration to and from India

In 2024 India will see net migrations of -486,784 people. This means that 486,784 more people will emigrate from India than immigrate to the country this year. A decrease of net migrations when compared to the previous year of 2022, when the net migrations of India was -487,303.

Net Migration for India Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Net Migration
1950 124,658
1960 52,264
1970 -45,792
1980 202,323
1990 108,465
2000 -149,966
2010 -380,087
2020 -34,772
Year Net Migration
2030 -486,942
2040 -496,507
2050 -495,884
2060 -495,884
2070 -495,884
2080 -495,884
2090 -495,884
2100 -495,884
View Detailed Migration Data for India

Births in India

In 2024, India will see 23,000,685 babies be born. That is a decrease when compared to the ammount of births recorded by India in 2022, when the country saw 23,056,027 new borns.

Births India Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Births
1950 15,651,496
1960 18,957,618
1970 22,042,928
1980 25,235,028
1990 27,692,243
2000 28,614,635
2010 26,598,911
2020 23,138,532
Year Births
2030 22,476,542
2040 20,911,758
2050 19,152,529
2060 18,091,802
2070 16,888,748
2080 15,481,344
2090 14,581,783
2100 13,550,877
View Detailed Birth Data for India

Deaths in India

In 2024, 9,531,792 people will die in India. That is an increase of India's death count when compared to 2022, when the country recorded 12,862,015 deaths.

Deaths India Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Deaths
1950 7,942,496
1960 8,756,300
1970 9,606,005
1980 9,529,884
1990 9,305,873
2000 9,220,819
2010 9,162,368
2020 10,262,275
Year Births
2030 10,593,963
2040 12,590,911
2050 14,624,626
2060 16,597,801
2070 18,465,539
2080 19,848,276
2090 20,446,580
2100 20,154,162
View Detailed Death Data for India

Median Age in India

The median age of India has been on an upward trend since the 1950's and it will continue well into the future. When the median age of India will reach 47.4806 years of age, by the year 2100.

Median Age in India Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Median Age
1950 20.023
1960 19.2371
1970 18.2642
1980 19.0365
1990 19.9714
2000 21.5554
2010 23.9545
2020 27.2833
Year Median Age
2030 30.878
2040 34.6301
2050 38.0728
2060 40.9868
2070 43.1496
2080 45.0214
2090 46.4774
2100 47.4806
View Detailed Median Age Data for India

Fertility Rate in India

The fertility rate of India has been on a downward trend since the 1950's and it will continue well into the future. When the total fertility rate of India will reach 1.6907 births per woman, by the year 2100.

Fertility Rate in India Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Total Fertility Rate (births per woman)
1950 5.7316
1960 5.9211
1970 5.624
1980 4.7753
1990 4.0446
2000 3.3498
2010 2.603
2020 2.0514
Year Total Fertility Rate (births per woman)
2030 1.9073
2040 1.8316
2050 1.7843
2060 1.7487
2070 1.7266
2080 1.7031
2090 1.7022
2100 1.6907
View Detailed Fertility Rate Data for India

Infant Mortality Rate in India

The infant mortality rate is recorded as infant deaths under 1 year for every 1,000 live births. It gives us an insight into the maternal and infant health of India while at the same time being an important marker for the overall health of the country. The infant mortality rate of India has been on a positive downward trend since the 1950's when the infant mortality rate of the country was 181.2118. Today, India has a much better infant mortality rate of 23.4838 infant deaths for every 1,000 live births. This is set to improve even further in the future when India is projected to record an infant mortality rate of only 3.2117 infant deaths for every 1,000 live births, by the year 2100.

Infant Mortality Rate in India Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Infant Mortality Rate
1950 181.2118
1960 158.2071
1970 141.675
1980 115.2148
1990 89.8415
2000 67.773
2010 45.1699
2020 26.5981
Year Infant Mortality Rate
2030 18.4976
2040 12.7145
2050 9.1756
2060 7.0998
2070 5.5789
2080 4.5171
2090 3.7686
2100 3.2117
View Detailed Infant Mortality Rate Data for India

Data Information

Data found on this page is based on the medium fertility variant of the United Nations Revision of World Population Prospects 2022.

Data Sources

The United Nations - Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Population Division)

UN Revision of World Population Prospects 2022

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