๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ Population Growth Rate of India

The current population growth rate of India is 0.9%. A -2.6% decrease from 2023, when the population growth rate was 0.924%. In the future, India's population growth rate is projected to decrease to -0.464%, by the year 2100. A total decrease of the population growth rate of India by -151.56% from today's standard.

Historic Population Growth Rate of India (1950-2024)

India has seen a decrease in population growth rate since the 1950's.

Year Population Growth Rate Overall Population +/-
1950 2.194% 7,833,647
1951 2.184% 7,968,873
1952 2.193% 8,180,784
1953 2.172% 8,280,250
1954 2.239% 8,727,152
1955 2.25% 8,966,021
1956 2.255% 9,191,188
1957 2.247% 9,366,417
1958 2.194% 9,354,309
1959 2.261% 9,854,871
1960 2.299% 10,253,581
1961 2.31% 10,541,014
1962 2.313% 10,803,621
1963 2.305% 11,015,231
1964 2.298% 11,236,148
1965 2.174% 10,873,926
1966 2.13% 10,882,616
1967 2.128% 11,106,289
1968 2.209% 11,783,389
1969 2.197% 11,982,134
1970 2.223% 12,391,129
1971 2.211% 12,604,624
1972 2.243% 13,072,965
1973 2.259% 13,466,055
1974 2.257% 13,762,883
1975 2.22% 13,841,652
1976 2.198% 14,012,805
1977 2.218% 14,455,556
1978 2.208% 14,708,707
1979 2.239% 15,252,540
1980 2.283% 15,907,463
1981 2.269% 16,174,364
1982 2.253% 16,425,971
1983 2.264% 16,888,190
1984 2.261% 17,249,030
1985 2.236% 17,444,826
1986 2.235% 17,828,992
1987 2.188% 17,845,271
1988 2.181% 18,181,842
1989 2.158% 18,384,142
1990 2.125% 18,494,842
1991 2.079% 18,484,340
1992 2.069% 18,780,245
1993 2.027% 18,774,251
1994 2.015% 19,047,073
1995 1.969% 18,987,268
1996 1.934% 19,016,909
1997 1.905% 19,091,117
1998 1.871% 19,107,573
1999 1.828% 19,023,383
2000 1.816% 19,243,861
2001 1.801% 19,430,601
2002 1.753% 19,253,663
2003 1.696% 18,950,507
2004 1.65% 18,748,412
2005 1.559% 17,999,848
2006 1.49% 17,470,302
2007 1.443% 17,165,741
2008 1.402% 16,920,251
2009 1.38% 16,890,457
2010 1.375% 17,056,464
2011 1.348% 16,958,678
2012 1.316% 16,773,368
2013 1.279% 16,516,329
2014 1.202% 15,712,562
2015 1.174% 15,527,429
2016 1.196% 16,012,241
2017 1.116% 15,106,439
2018 1.06% 14,508,815
2019 0.991% 13,708,673
2020 0.92% 12,841,480
2021 0.676% 9,511,950
2022 0.685% 9,706,711
2023 0.924% 13,202,270
2024 0.9% 12,982,108

Future Population Growth Rate of India (2024-2100)

India's population growth rate is projected to decrease in the future. According to the United Nation, it will drop from today's growth rate of 0.924% all the way down to -0.464% by the year 2100. The yearly downward trend is clearly visible from the charts and data below.

Year Population Growth Rate Overall Population +/-
2024 0.9% 12,982,108
2025 0.879% 12,791,636
2026 0.849% 12,457,336
2027 0.827% 12,237,288
2028 0.801% 11,947,767
2029 0.775% 11,651,329
2030 0.752% 11,395,637
2031 0.723% 11,033,982
2032 0.7% 10,764,307
2033 0.672% 10,399,294
2034 0.646% 10,060,647
2035 0.619% 9,704,261
2036 0.589% 9,296,845
2037 0.566% 8,974,772
2038 0.542% 8,639,552
2039 0.511% 8,198,601
2040 0.485% 7,824,345
2041 0.461% 7,459,711
2042 0.435% 7,074,323
2043 0.405% 6,615,979
2044 0.378% 6,198,505
2045 0.356% 5,852,327
2046 0.33% 5,448,817
2047 0.306% 5,077,756
2048 0.288% 4,779,478
2049 0.263% 4,379,188
2050 0.241% 4,032,013
2051 0.219% 3,674,062
2052 0.202% 3,384,426
2053 0.179% 3,016,157
2054 0.163% 2,747,579
2055 0.146% 2,469,052
2056 0.13% 2,192,995
2057 0.113% 1,903,687
2058 0.096% 1,619,527
2059 0.075% 1,272,347
2060 0.059% 998,125
2061 0.04% 673,909
2062 0.027% 452,894
2063 0.008% 130,649
2064 -0.01% -161,269
2065 -0.029% -493,097
2066 -0.049% -827,997
2067 -0.066% -1,125,292
2068 -0.085% -1,443,415
2069 -0.102% -1,723,818
2070 -0.123% -2,072,681
2071 -0.143% -2,408,303
2072 -0.163% -2,742,079
2073 -0.176% -2,959,101
2074 -0.195% -3,271,416
2075 -0.212% -3,557,369
2076 -0.231% -3,855,591
2077 -0.246% -4,096,987
2078 -0.265% -4,406,351
2079 -0.278% -4,608,904
2080 -0.294% -4,862,819
2081 -0.311% -5,125,493
2082 -0.319% -5,244,025
2083 -0.328% -5,382,463
2084 -0.341% -5,569,230
2085 -0.352% -5,723,361
2086 -0.364% -5,906,789
2087 -0.374% -6,044,514
2088 -0.38% -6,127,223
2089 -0.387% -6,213,226
2090 -0.398% -6,360,674
2091 -0.408% -6,487,410
2092 -0.416% -6,595,985
2093 -0.424% -6,697,847
2094 -0.43% -6,755,661
2095 -0.434% -6,788,568
2096 -0.444% -6,915,667
2097 -0.45% -6,974,155
2098 -0.456% -7,046,004
2099 -0.46% -7,067,529
2100 -0.464% -7,099,158

Why is the chart for future population growth rate mostly flat?

Predicting and projecting future population growth rate is extremely hard. Especially, the further you move into the future. Thus, the scientist and data collectors of the United Nations tend to add a flat number when reasonable projections can't be made.

Understanding Population Growth Rate: How Births, Deaths, and Migration Impact Population Size of India

Population growth rate is defined as the annual average rate of change of population size, for a given country, territory, or geographic area, during a specified period. It is considered an international standard for measuring population change. The United Nations uses population growth rate as one of the key indicators for measuring population trends, and for forecasting future population size. Part of that data is used on this page to visualize and explore historic and future population growth rate over time.

What is Population Growth Rate?

Population growth rate is a measure of how quickly a population is increasing or decreasing in size over time. It is expressed as a percentage of change over a time period. Most commonly, its typically messured on a yearly basis, allowing you to evaluate percentage on year over year basis. However, population growth rate can be applied and calculated on any timeframe.

  • Population growth rate is used to indicate population increase or decrease in size over time.
  • It is measured as a percentage of change, from previous to current population size.
  • It is often expressed as a yearly rate, but can be applied to any timeframe.
  • A positive population growth rate indicates that a population is increasing.
  • A negative population growth rate indicates that a population is decreasing.
  • Birth rate, death rate, and migration affect the population growth rate.
  • A high birth rate and low death rate will result in a high population growth rate.
  • A low birth rate and high death rate will result in a low population growth rate.
  • Net migration also affect the population growth rate of India.
  • Population growth rate is an important metric for demographic, environmental and economic forecasting.

How is Population Growth Rate calculated?

The population growth rate indicates the increase or decrease of a population in percent (%). The formula to calculate population growth rate can be used on any timeframe. In this case it indicates the population growth reate year over year, where a negative population growth rate is presented with red coloring and positive with green. The population growth rate of India is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.

Population Growth Rate Formula

Population Growth Rate = New Population - Original Population / Original Population * 100

What Causes Population Growth Rate to Increase or Decrease?

Just like any other country or region, India's population growth rate is influenced by a variety of factors that causes it to increase or decrease.

Birth Rate

The number of births per 1,000 individuals in a population over a specific period of time affects population growth. Higher birth rates contribute to population growth, while lower birth rates slow down growth.

Death Rate

The number of deaths per 1,000 individuals in a population over a specific period of time also influences population growth. Higher death rates can reduce population growth, while lower death rates contribute to growth.

Total Fertility Rate

The average number of children born to women of childbearing age is known as the total fertility rate. Higher fertility rates can lead to population growth, while lower fertility rates can result in slower growth or even population decline.

Life Expectancy

The average number of years a person is expected to live affects population growth. Higher life expectancy can result in population growth, as people live longer and contribute to the population for a greater duration.

Immigration and Emigration

Migration patterns, including immigration (inflow of individuals from other countries) and emigration (outflow of individuals to other countries), can significantly impact population growth rates. Higher immigration rates can contribute to population growth, while high emigration rates can slow down growth.

Government Policies

Government policies related to family planning, healthcare, immigration, and social welfare can also influence population growth rates. For example, policies promoting contraception and family planning can lead to lower birth rates and slower growth.

Socioeconomic Factors

Factors such as economic development, education, and urbanization can affect population growth rates. Higher levels of education and economic opportunities often correlate with lower birth rates and slower population growth.

Data Information

Data found on this page is based on the medium fertility variant of the United Nations Revision of World Population Prospects 2022.

Data Sources

The United Nations - Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Population Division)

UN Revision of World Population Prospects 2022

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