๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ Life Expectancy of India

72.29 years
Average Life Expectancy (both sexes)
70.75 years
Average Life Expectancy Males
73.94 years
Average Life Expectancy Females

The current average life expectancy for India in 2024 is 72.2888 years of age. A 0.36% increase from 2023, when the average life expectancy was 72.0276 years, from birth to death. In the future, India's average life expectancy is projected to increase to 85.961 years of age, by the year 2100. A total increase of the average life expectancy for people living in India by 18.91% from today's standard. This positive trend can be attributed to technological advancements, a better standard of living, and an icrease in healthcare availability.

Historic Life Expectancy of India (1950-2024)

Between 1950 to 2024 the average life expectancy of people living in India has increased from 41.7232 to 72.2888 years. That is an 73.26% increase that allow people of the country to live an extra 30.5656 years of life, on average.

Year Life Expectancy (Age) Life Expectancy Male Life Expectancy Female
1950 41.7232 42.5995 40.8008
1951 41.7437 42.6349 40.8048
1952 42.038 42.9119 41.1155
1953 42.2051 43.0329 41.3291
1954 42.953 43.7388 42.1184
1955 43.3876 44.1327 42.5944
1956 43.7619 44.4728 43.0043
1957 44.0574 44.7566 43.3122
1958 44.4235 45.102 43.7
1959 44.8893 45.5598 44.174
1960 45.218 45.8837 44.5076
1961 45.3985 46.057 44.6952
1962 45.6592 46.3122 44.9613
1963 45.9363 46.5798 45.2476
1964 46.184 46.8219 45.5008
1965 44.98 45.5564 44.3614
1966 45.3332 45.8985 44.7267
1967 45.6736 46.2253 45.0825
1968 47.471 48.0653 46.8365
1969 47.8574 48.4556 47.2196
1970 48.2407 48.8538 47.5875
1971 48.6324 49.2836 47.9379
1972 49.025 49.6943 48.3097
1973 49.5395 50.2239 48.8064
1974 50.2441 50.9123 49.5261
1975 50.8123 51.4183 50.1585
1976 51.3883 51.8836 50.8517
1977 51.9086 52.2745 51.5116
1978 52.492 52.7102 52.2575
1979 53.0601 53.1354 52.9854
1980 53.6114 53.5451 53.6962
1981 54.1748 53.988 54.3965
1982 54.7322 54.446 55.0677
1983 55.2809 54.9109 55.7124
1984 55.8157 55.3872 56.3153
1985 56.3338 55.849 56.8984
1986 56.8352 56.2993 57.4592
1987 57.3147 56.7259 57.9994
1988 57.7772 57.1132 58.5456
1989 58.2333 57.5112 59.0642
1990 58.6516 57.876 59.5366
1991 59.0547 58.2557 59.9565
1992 59.4524 58.6596 60.335
1993 59.8152 59.0537 60.6497
1994 60.2158 59.4826 61.0071
1995 60.5962 59.8899 61.3508
1996 60.9841 60.2767 61.7332
1997 61.3876 60.6652 62.1477
1998 61.7919 61.0281 62.5947
1999 62.2069 61.3511 63.1109
2000 62.6693 61.754 63.6388
2001 63.0913 62.1135 64.1306
2002 63.616 62.5727 64.7289
2003 64.0942 62.9813 65.287
2004 64.5244 63.3128 65.8313
2005 64.9955 63.7186 66.3787
2006 65.4123 64.0534 66.8911
2007 65.7884 64.3653 67.342
2008 66.149 64.6543 67.7858
2009 66.5132 64.962 68.2151
2010 66.9086 65.3268 68.6449
2011 67.359 65.7651 69.1058
2012 67.8872 66.3242 69.5921
2013 68.4598 66.9607 70.0831
2014 69.0736 67.6506 70.6017
2015 69.6363 68.2846 71.0767
2016 70.1167 68.8102 71.5029
2017 70.4672 69.1595 71.8561
2018 70.7095 69.3672 72.1423
2019 70.9098 69.5255 72.3954
2020 70.1499 68.6147 71.8237
2021 67.2398 65.7563 68.8864
2022 67.7437 66.2569 69.3843
2023 72.0276 70.5175 73.646
2024 72.2888 70.7488 73.9423

How is life expectancy calculated?

Life expectancy represent the average number of years of life remaining in a group of people. The numbers above represent life expectancy of the population of India, calculated from birth.

Future Life Expectancy of India (2024-2100)

India's average life expectancy is projected to increase in the future. By the year 2100, the country will have reached an average life expectancy of 85.961 years of age. An 18.91% increase from today's standard.

Year Life Expectancy (Age) Life Expectancy Male Life Expectancy Female
2024 72.2888 70.7488 73.9423
2025 72.5451 70.9766 74.2319
2026 72.7914 71.1951 74.5107
2027 73.0369 71.4144 74.7867
2028 73.2736 71.6225 75.0562
2029 73.5082 71.833 75.3186
2030 73.7434 72.0449 75.5804
2031 73.9742 72.2506 75.8397
2032 74.1992 72.4575 76.085
2033 74.4229 72.6659 76.3255
2034 74.6407 72.8661 76.5627
2035 74.8532 73.0632 76.7922
2036 75.0649 73.2587 77.0216
2037 75.2773 73.4562 77.2504
2038 75.4885 73.6625 77.4662
2039 75.6916 73.8566 77.6787
2040 75.8936 74.0493 77.8907
2041 76.1009 74.2484 78.1064
2042 76.3031 74.4464 78.3122
2043 76.4999 74.6367 78.5155
2044 76.6967 74.8323 78.7122
2045 76.9013 75.0428 78.9084
2046 77.0983 75.2345 79.1103
2047 77.2894 75.4312 79.2936
2048 77.4819 75.6292 79.4785
2049 77.6771 75.8278 79.6688
2050 77.8621 76.0149 79.8505
2051 78.0502 76.2131 80.026
2052 78.2413 76.4104 80.2093
2053 78.4309 76.6063 80.391
2054 78.6179 76.8042 80.5648
2055 78.8029 76.998 80.7393
2056 78.9837 77.1892 80.9075
2057 79.1713 77.3936 81.0751
2058 79.3515 77.5812 81.2465
2059 79.5324 77.7844 81.4011
2060 79.7107 77.9772 81.5622
2061 79.8871 78.1649 81.7258
2062 80.0674 78.3686 81.8789
2063 80.2455 78.5612 82.0405
2064 80.4218 78.7562 82.1954
2065 80.6023 78.9616 82.3476
2066 80.7843 79.1706 82.499
2067 80.9579 79.3614 82.6535
2068 81.1321 79.5556 82.8055
2069 81.3008 79.7475 82.9483
2070 81.4686 79.9321 83.0978
2071 81.6481 80.1356 83.2503
2072 81.8153 80.3281 83.3896
2073 81.9839 80.5277 83.5236
2074 82.1501 80.7137 83.6681
2075 82.3212 80.91 83.8113
2076 82.4828 81.1006 83.9412
2077 82.6547 81.2985 84.0846
2078 82.8171 81.4867 84.2187
2079 82.9766 81.6704 84.3517
2080 83.1317 81.8489 84.4816
2081 83.2852 82.0265 84.6089
2082 83.4453 82.2085 84.7453
2083 83.5982 82.3838 84.8739
2084 83.7469 82.5516 85.0021
2085 83.8955 82.7172 85.1324
2086 84.0477 82.8894 85.2629
2087 84.1937 83.0519 85.3912
2088 84.3373 83.2026 85.5276
2089 84.4849 83.3681 85.6556
2090 84.622 83.5159 85.7813
2091 84.7575 83.6564 85.9117
2092 84.8958 83.8098 86.0335
2093 85.0385 83.9624 86.1653
2094 85.1754 84.1125 86.2877
2095 85.3138 84.2585 86.4179
2096 85.4489 84.3996 86.5465
2097 85.5721 84.5271 86.6652
2098 85.7039 84.6598 86.796
2099 85.8348 84.8006 86.9159
2100 85.961 84.9286 87.0399

Factors that Affect Life Expectancy

Just like any other region or country, India's life expectancy is influenced by a variety of factors, that include both individual and population-level factors. Broadly speaking, life expectancy is most affected by fertility rate, deaths, immigration and emigration. Some of the individual and population-level factors listed below can get you a better insight into its causes and affects of life expectancy.

Healthcare and Medical Advances

Access to quality healthcare, advancements in medical technology, and improvements in disease prevention, diagnosis, and treatment play a significant role in increasing life expectancy. This includes vaccinations, antibiotics, surgical procedures, and the management of chronic conditions can greatly increase life expectancy of a country or region.

Socioeconomic Status

Income, education, and occupation are strongly correlated with life expectancy. Higher socioeconomic status typically provides individuals with better access to healthcare, healthier living conditions, and improved overall well-being, contributing to longer life expectancy of a country or region.

Environmental Factors

Environmental conditions can impact life expectancy. Access to clean air, water, and sanitation, as well as exposure to environmental pollutants and hazardous substances, can affect health outcomes and life expectancy.

Social Support and Relationships

Strong social connections, supportive relationships, and community engagement has also been linked to improved health outcomes and increased life expectancy. Social isolation and loneliness, on the other hand, can have negative effects on health and decrease life expectancy.

Access to and Quiality of Education

Education is associated with better health outcomes and increased life expectancy. It promotes healthier behaviors, improves health literacy, and provides individuals with opportunities for better employment and income.

Public Health Measures

Effective public health measures, such as disease surveillance, prevention programs, and health education campaigns, can have a significant impact on life expectancy by reducing the incidence and impact of infectious diseases, promoting healthy behaviors, and improving overall population health.

Immigration and Emigration

Life expectancy of a region or country is also affected by immigration of emigration. If healthier people immigrate or emigrate from a country, the life expectancy numbers of those two regions will be influenced by the movement of said people.

Causes of Positive Life Expectancy of India

Causes of Negative Life Expectancy of India

Data Information

Data found on this page is based on the medium fertility variant of the United Nations Revision of World Population Prospects 2022.

Data Sources

The United Nations - Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Population Division)

UN Revision of World Population Prospects 2022

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