Global Net Reproduction Rate

1.06
Net Reproduction Rate
16.56
Crude Birth Rate
134,484,559
Overall Births

Historic Global Net Reproduction Rate (1950-2024)

The global net reproduction rate peaked in 1963 when the world saw 1.73 female children born per woman. Since then we have seen a steady decline of net reproduction rate, and it is projected decrease even further to the end of this century.

Year Net Reproduction Rate Crude Birth Rate Overall Births
1950 1.6382 36.837 92,083,258
1951 1.643 36.502 92,836,900
1952 1.73 37.672 97,606,684
1953 1.717 36.948 97,555,839
1954 1.7626 37.269 100,348,054
1955 1.7792 37.069 101,807,356
1956 1.7692 36.353 101,827,191
1957 1.8274 37.073 105,977,909
1958 1.7915 35.858 104,557,392
1959 1.6619 34.32 101,921,643
1960 1.5999 33.871 102,262,439
1961 1.6301 32.914 100,989,852
1962 1.8716 35.814 112,053,316
1963 1.9902 37.477 119,818,714
1964 1.9364 35.936 117,393,293
1965 1.9125 35.34 117,932,234
1966 1.8802 34.403 117,182,361
1967 1.8519 33.619 116,839,776
1968 1.9092 34.318 121,750,025
1969 1.8819 33.729 122,122,848
1970 1.8707 33.583 124,117,185
1971 1.8172 32.797 123,647,417
1972 1.7839 32.064 123,275,037
1973 1.7443 31.445 123,269,476
1974 1.69 30.645 122,436,994
1975 1.6239 29.613 120,491,005
1976 1.5887 29.125 120,647,815
1977 1.5503 28.476 120,040,242
1978 1.5337 28.284 121,337,099
1979 1.5371 28.465 124,287,659
1980 1.5341 28.527 126,793,222
1981 1.528 28.541 129,152,540
1982 1.5343 28.752 132,513,060
1983 1.4806 27.92 130,982,626
1984 1.4745 27.928 133,397,030
1985 1.4641 27.851 135,419,518
1986 1.4658 27.958 138,419,612
1987 1.4604 27.877 140,544,952
1988 1.4236 27.278 139,993,375
1989 1.4113 27.024 141,176,680
1990 1.3974 26.794 142,451,012
1991 1.3214 25.421 137,391,599
1992 1.2876 24.718 135,753,655
1993 1.2621 24.151 134,692,831
1994 1.2412 23.706 134,185,337
1995 1.224 23.276 133,673,133
1996 1.2069 22.842 133,052,992
1997 1.1931 22.45 132,597,541
1998 1.1792 22.095 132,286,772
1999 1.1725 21.814 132,364,211
2000 1.1779 21.793 134,014,027
2001 1.1674 21.487 133,877,730
2002 1.1592 21.231 134,020,459
2003 1.1525 21.004 134,302,047
2004 1.1506 20.881 135,228,145
2005 1.1478 20.706 135,800,237
2006 1.1494 20.613 136,909,897
2007 1.1537 20.599 138,562,817
2008 1.1566 20.575 140,164,401
2009 1.1579 20.468 141,200,888
2010 1.1529 20.274 141,633,320
2011 1.1513 20.094 142,134,919
2012 1.1626 20.132 144,194,060
2013 1.1529 19.781 143,421,589
2014 1.1525 19.576 143,670,855
2015 1.1423 19.203 142,608,081
2016 1.1456 19.064 143,238,900
2017 1.1385 18.767 142,624,116
2018 1.1136 18.174 139,628,713
2019 1.0988 17.771 137,984,248
2020 1.075 17.237 135,132,602
2021 1.0624 16.94 133,974,696
2022 1.0607 16.801 133,990,598
2023 1.0626 16.69 134,279,612
2024 1.0621 16.564 134,484,559

Statements that define Net Reproduction Rate

  • The Net Reproduction Rate or NRR is a measure of the number of female children that a woman is expected to have in her lifetime, based on current fertility and mortality rates.
  • It is calculated by summing the age-specific fertility rates (ASFR) and subtracting the age-specific mortality rates (ASMR).
  • The NRR is expressed as a ratio, with a value of 1 indicating that a woman is expected to replace herself and have one daughter.
  • The NRR is used to predict population growth and is an important indicator of population dynamics.
  • It can be used to identify trends in fertility and mortality rates, and to forecast future population growth or decline.
  • The NRR is affected by a variety of factors, including fertility rates, mortality rates, and the age structure of the population.
  • It can be used to compare fertility and mortality rates between different populations or over time.
  • The NRR can be influenced by public health policies, such as access to family planning services and maternal and child health care.
  • It is an important tool for policymakers and demographers to understand and forecast population growth and change.
  • Net Reproduction Rate is not the same as Total Fertility Rate

How is Net Reproduction Rate calculated?

The Net Reproduction Rate (NRR) is calculated by taking the sum of the age-specific fertility rates (ASFRs) in a population, and then subtracting the age-specific mortality rates (ASMRs). The ASFRs and ASMRs are expressed as the number of births or deaths per 1,000 population in a specific age group.

To calculate the NRR, you first need to determine the age-specific fertility rates and age-specific mortality rates for each age group in the population. For example, if you are calculating the NRR for a population of women aged 15-49, you would need to determine the number of births per 1,000 women in each of these age groups. Once you have the fertility rates for each age group, you can sum them to get the total fertility rate.

Next, you need to determine the age-specific mortality rates for each age group. This can be done by calculating the number of deaths per 1,000 population in each age group. Once you have the mortality rates for each age group, you can sum them to get the net reproduction rate.

Finally, you can subtract the total mortality rate from the total fertility rate to get the NRR. The NRR is expressed as a ratio, with a value of 1 indicating that a woman is expected to replace herself and have one daughter. A value greater than 1 indicates that the population is growing, while a value less than 1 indicates that the population is shrinking.

NRR = (Bโˆ’D) / P โˆ— 100

Net Reproduction Rate Formula

NRR = โˆ‘ASFR - โˆ‘ASMR
  • ASFR = Age-specific fertility rate
  • ASMR = Age-specific mortality rate

Net Reproduction Rate vs Total Fertility Rate

The Net Reproduction Rate or NRR for short is a measure of the number of daughters that a woman is expected to have in her lifetime. It is based on current fertility and mortality rates. The metric is calculated by taking the sum of the age-specific fertility rates (ASFRs) in a population, and then subtracting the age-specific mortality rates (ASMRs). The NRR is used to predict population growth, and it is expressed as a ratio. A value of 1 means that a woman is expected to replace herself and have one daughter, while a value greater than 1 means that the population is growing. While the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) is a measure of the number of children that a woman is expected to have in her lifetime, based on current fertility rates. It is calculated by summing the age-specific fertility rates (ASFRs) in a population. The TFR is used to predict population growth, and it is expressed as the number of children per woman. A TFR of 2.1 is considered the replacement level, meaning that a woman is expected to have two children to replace herself and her partner. In summary, the NRR takes into account both fertility rates and mortality rates, while the TFR only considers fertility rates.

Future Global Net Reproduction Rate (2024-2100)

Around 2040, the effective total global fertility rate will fall below the replacement rate, which is roughly 2.1 children per woman. This will lead to a stabilization of the world population sometime during the period 2050โ€“2070.

Year Net Reproduction Rate Crude Birth Rate Overall Births
2024 1.0621 16.564 134,484,559
2025 1.0607 16.444 134,712,128
2026 1.0595 16.324 134,907,058
2027 1.0586 16.218 135,198,381
2028 1.0571 16.112 135,455,608
2029 1.0554 16.014 135,746,893
2030 1.0532 15.914 136,008,957
2031 1.0504 15.817 136,253,581
2032 1.0485 15.739 136,648,882
2033 1.0455 15.649 136,911,076
2034 1.0427 15.565 137,204,269
2035 1.0398 15.482 137,470,556
2036 1.0368 15.394 137,671,818
2037 1.0352 15.323 138,003,121
2038 1.0339 15.251 138,294,359
2039 1.0315 15.157 138,366,561
2040 1.03 15.071 138,473,449
2041 1.029 14.984 138,556,575
2042 1.0279 14.895 138,578,249
2043 1.0267 14.797 138,500,159
2044 1.0253 14.695 138,339,673
2045 1.0236 14.585 138,086,249
2046 1.0219 14.474 137,779,995
2047 1.0201 14.36 137,411,816
2048 1.0174 14.235 136,909,723
2049 1.0139 14.101 136,276,046
2050 1.0107 13.975 135,687,397
2051 1.0063 13.837 134,944,954
2052 1.0039 13.733 134,504,577
2053 0.9994 13.607 133,807,372
2054 0.9958 13.5 133,263,988
2055 0.9918 13.395 132,714,688
2056 0.9882 13.303 132,266,791
2057 0.9845 13.214 131,830,892
2058 0.9807 13.131 131,417,752
2059 0.9756 13.037 130,875,447
2060 0.9724 12.974 130,616,046
2061 0.9693 12.915 130,382,676
2062 0.9667 12.866 130,229,106
2063 0.9629 12.802 129,916,034
2064 0.9601 12.753 129,730,585
2065 0.9555 12.681 129,297,695
2066 0.9523 12.626 129,015,560
2067 0.9502 12.584 128,851,429
2068 0.9467 12.523 128,481,564
2069 0.9439 12.468 128,156,285
2070 0.9406 12.405 127,734,032
2071 0.938 12.349 127,366,760
2072 0.9362 12.3 127,057,663
2073 0.934 12.243 126,647,678
2074 0.9312 12.177 126,138,555
2075 0.9287 12.112 125,610,364
2076 0.9258 12.04 125,002,277
2077 0.923 11.968 124,365,479
2078 0.921 11.905 123,814,989
2079 0.9195 11.847 123,303,522
2080 0.9173 11.779 122,675,812
2081 0.9152 11.715 122,061,916
2082 0.9141 11.662 121,564,290
2083 0.9124 11.601 120,968,156
2084 0.9105 11.541 120,365,885
2085 0.908 11.474 119,678,778
2086 0.9054 11.406 118,975,344
2087 0.9034 11.35 118,384,844
2088 0.9023 11.306 117,907,734
2089 0.8997 11.245 117,242,146
2090 0.8977 11.193 116,668,119
2091 0.895 11.134 116,014,029
2092 0.8937 11.095 115,548,650
2093 0.8913 11.043 114,951,659
2094 0.8906 11.012 114,561,354
2095 0.8884 10.965 113,995,198
2096 0.8867 10.925 113,492,904
2097 0.8845 10.879 112,917,957
2098 0.8832 10.844 112,457,152
2099 0.8821 10.811 112,004,380
2100 0.8802 10.769 111,453,746

Net Reproduction Rate by Country

The net reproduction rate varies widley from country to country. As a rule of thumb, the rate is greater in less developed countries. Currently, most countries on the African continent have a reproduction rate of 4-6 births per woman, while most of the developed western world have a fertility rate hovering between 1-2 births per woman.

In 2024, the country with the highest reproduction rate was ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ช Niger with a rate of 6.74 births per woman. While the country with the lowest net reproduction rate was ๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ฐ China, Hong Kong SAR with a TFR of only 0.75 new borns per woman.

Country Net Reproduction Rate
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ซAfghanistan 1.9907
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฑAlbania 0.6533
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฟAlgeria 1.3143
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ธAmerican Samoa 1.0675
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฉAndorra 0.5496
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ดAngola 2.2735
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฎAnguilla 0.6194
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฌAntigua and Barbuda 0.7686
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ทArgentina 0.8939
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฒArmenia 0.7472
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ผAruba 0.5697
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บAustralia 0.7722
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡นAustria 0.7157
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฟAzerbaijan 0.7607
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ธBahamas 0.6622
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ญBahrain 0.8672
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฉBangladesh 0.9127
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡งBarbados 0.7854
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡พBelarus 0.7284
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ชBelgium 0.7716
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฟBelize 0.9491
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฏBenin 2.0262
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฒBermuda 0.6673
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡นBhutan 0.6563
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ดBolivia (Plurinational State of) 1.1869
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ถBonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba 0.7897
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฆBosnia and Herzegovina 0.6437
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ผBotswana 1.2454
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ทBrazil 0.7781
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ฌBritish Virgin Islands 0.4923
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ณBrunei Darussalam 0.8227
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฌBulgaria 0.7632
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ซBurkina Faso 1.9513
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฎBurundi 2.1281
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ปCabo Verde 0.8957
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ญCambodia 1.0664
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฒCameroon 1.907
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆCanada 0.7079
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡พCayman Islands 0.5809
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ซCentral African Republic 2.4212
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฉChad 2.387
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฑChile 0.7394
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณChina 0.5563
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ฐChina, Hong Kong SAR 0.3697
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ดChina, Macao SAR 0.5409
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ผChina, Taiwan Province of China 0.5513
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ดColombia 0.8092
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฒComoros 1.7302
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฌCongo 1.8194
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฐCook Islands 1.0549
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ทCosta Rica 0.7345
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ทCroatia 0.6987
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡บCuba 0.6964
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ผCuraรงao 0.7899
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡พCyprus 0.6318
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฟCzechia 0.8216
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฎCรดte d'Ivoire 1.8573
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ตDem. People's Republic of Korea 0.8405
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฉDemocratic Republic of the Congo 2.5966
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐDenmark 0.8305
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฏDjibouti 1.2023
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฒDominica 0.763
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ดDominican Republic 1.044
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡จEcuador 0.9542
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ฌEgypt 1.3517
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ปEl Salvador 0.8461
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ถEquatorial Guinea 1.8066
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ทEritrea 1.6963
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ชEstonia 0.808
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฟEswatini 1.2266
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡นEthiopia 1.8008
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฐFalkland Islands (Malvinas) 0.7679
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ดFaroe Islands 1.2949
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฏFiji 1.1362
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎFinland 0.6776
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ทFrance 0.8652
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ซFrench Guiana 1.6591
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ซFrench Polynesia 0.809
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฆGabon 1.5723
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฒGambia 2.0014
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ชGeorgia 0.9783
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ชGermany 0.7411
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ญGhana 1.5366
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฎGibraltar 0.8654
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ทGreece 0.6623
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฑGreenland 0.9265
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฉGrenada 0.9432
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ตGuadeloupe 0.9839
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡บGuam 1.1968
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡นGuatemala 1.0915
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฌGuernsey 0.7068
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ณGuinea 1.7442
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ผGuinea-Bissau 1.6616
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡พGuyana 1.1104
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡นHaiti 1.2421
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ฆHoly See 0.4827
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ณHonduras 1.0967
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡บHungary 0.7615
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ธIceland 0.8309
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณIndia 0.9195
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฉIndonesia 0.998
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ทIran (Islamic Republic of) 0.8002
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ถIraq 1.5953
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ชIreland 0.8519
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฒIsle of Man 0.7479
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑIsrael 1.4118
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡นItaly 0.6285
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ฒJamaica 0.643
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ตJapan 0.6373
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ชJersey 0.7167
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ดJordan 1.3101
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฟKazakhstan 1.439
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ชKenya 1.4861
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฎKiribati 1.4586
๐Ÿ‡ฝ๐Ÿ‡ฐKosovo (under UNSC res. 1244) 0.721
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ผKuwait 1.0007
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฌKyrgyzstan 1.3872
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฆLao People's Democratic Republic 1.1168
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ปLatvia 0.7598
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡งLebanon 0.987
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ธLesotho 1.2494
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ทLiberia 1.7284
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡พLibya 1.1134
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฎLiechtenstein 0.6832
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡นLithuania 0.7877
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡บLuxembourg 0.6785
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฌMadagascar 1.7007
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ผMalawi 1.752
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡พMalaysia 0.8483
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ปMaldives 0.8034
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฑMali 2.4486
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡นMalta 0.5832
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ญMarshall Islands 1.1879
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ถMartinique 0.9263
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ทMauritania 1.9299
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡บMauritius 0.6683
๐Ÿ‡พ๐Ÿ‡นMayotte 2.0984
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝMexico 0.8604
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฒMicronesia (Fed. States of) 1.2361
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡จMonaco 1.008
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ณMongolia 1.3071
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ชMontenegro 0.8017
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ธMontserrat 0.7456
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฆMorocco 1.0836
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฟMozambique 2.008
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฒMyanmar 0.9664
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฆNamibia 1.4535
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ทNauru 1.5557
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ตNepal 0.9368
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑNetherlands 0.7929
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡จNew Caledonia 0.9499
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฟNew Zealand 0.8479
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฎNicaragua 1.0829
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ชNiger 2.8948
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฌNigeria 1.9276
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡บNiue 1.1081
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฐNorth Macedonia 0.6571
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ตNorthern Mariana Islands 0.9763
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ดNorway 0.7292
๐Ÿ‡ด๐Ÿ‡ฒOman 1.2181
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฐPakistan 1.5073
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ผPalau 1.065
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฆPanama 1.0807
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฌPapua New Guinea 1.3951
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡พParaguay 1.1477
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ชPeru 1.028
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ญPhilippines 1.2498
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑPoland 0.707
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡นPortugal 0.663
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ทPuerto Rico 0.6176
๐Ÿ‡ถ๐Ÿ‡ฆQatar 0.8623
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ทRepublic of Korea 0.4267
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฉRepublic of Moldova 0.8564
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ดRomania 0.8384
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บRussian Federation 0.7327
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ผRwanda 1.7083
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ชRรฉunion 1.0741
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฑSaint Barthรฉlemy 0.4989
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ญSaint Helena 0.783
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ณSaint Kitts and Nevis 0.7214
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡จSaint Lucia 0.6663
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ซSaint Martin (French part) 1.1417
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฒSaint Pierre and Miquelon 0.7547
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡จSaint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.8469
๐Ÿ‡ผ๐Ÿ‡ธSamoa 1.7905
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฒSan Marino 0.5531
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡นSao Tome and Principe 1.7403
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆSaudi Arabia 1.1318
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ณSenegal 1.9972
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ธSerbia 0.7322
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡จSeychelles 1.1054
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฑSierra Leone 1.6144
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฌSingapore 0.5042
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฝSint Maarten (Dutch part) 0.7528
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฐSlovakia 0.7594
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฎSlovenia 0.7879
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡งSolomon Islands 1.8025
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ดSomalia 2.4975
๐Ÿ‡ฟ๐Ÿ‡ฆSouth Africa 1.0586
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ธSouth Sudan 1.7117
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธSpain 0.6238
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฐSri Lanka 0.9451
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ธState of Palestine 1.6085
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฉSudan 1.9419
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ทSuriname 1.0954
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ชSweden 0.8067
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญSwitzerland 0.7277
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡พSyrian Arab Republic 1.2651
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฏTajikistan 1.454
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ญThailand 0.6276
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฑTimor-Leste 1.3525
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฌTogo 1.782
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฐTokelau 1.2666
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ดTonga 1.4645
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡นTrinidad and Tobago 0.7663
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ณTunisia 0.9741
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฒTurkmenistan 1.1974
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡จTurks and Caicos Islands 0.7901
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ปTuvalu 1.4168
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ทTรผrkiye 0.8982
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฌUganda 1.9951
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆUkraine 0.614
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ชUnited Arab Emirates 0.6965
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡งUnited Kingdom 0.7583
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฟUnited Republic of Tanzania 2.1202
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ฎUnited States Virgin Islands 1.0185
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธUnited States of America 0.8003
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡พUruguay 0.7107
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฟUzbekistan 1.2987
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡บVanuatu 1.7013
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ชVenezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 1.0338
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ณViet Nam 0.8918
๐Ÿ‡ผ๐Ÿ‡ซWallis and Futuna Islands 0.9163
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ญWestern Sahara 1.0524
๐Ÿ‡พ๐Ÿ‡ชYemen 1.6267
๐Ÿ‡ฟ๐Ÿ‡ฒZambia 1.9095
๐Ÿ‡ฟ๐Ÿ‡ผZimbabwe 1.5192

Population Net Reproduction Rate by Region

Region Net Reproduction Rate
Africa 1.8263
Asia 0.8981
Europe 0.7254
Latin America and the Caribbean 0.879
Northern America 0.7917
Oceania 1.0018

Population Net Reproduction Rate by Sub-region

Sub-region Net Reproduction Rate
Australia/New Zealand 0.7849
Caribbean 0.9462
Central America 0.9098
Central Asia 1.3609
Eastern Africa 1.8474
Eastern Asia 0.5607
Eastern Europe 0.7293
Melanesia 1.3965
Micronesia 1.2663
Middle Africa 2.362
Northern Africa 1.403
Northern Europe 0.7676
Polynesia 1.2296
South America 0.8573
South-Eastern Asia 0.9821
Southern Africa 1.0896
Southern Asia 1.0066
Southern Europe 0.6455
Western Africa 1.9559
Western Asia 1.1993
Western Europe 0.7869

Data Information

Data found on this page is based on the medium fertility variant of the United Nations Revision of World Population Prospects 2022.

Data Sources

The United Nations - Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Population Division)

UN Revision of World Population Prospects 2022

Data Disclaimer

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