๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡น Population of Sao Tome and Principe

236,381
Current Population of Sao Tome and Principe
4,549
Net population growth this year
246.23
Population Density (people/kmยฒ)

As of July 1, 2024 the population of Sao Tome and Principe reached 236,381, of which 117,817 people are male and 118,565 female. The country has a population density of 246.2307 people per square kilometer. With an overall population growth rate of 1.924% for the year. According to the latest data, Sao Tome and Principe is set to increase its population size by 4,549 people next year. Making the total population count of Sao Tome and Principe 236,381 people by 2024.

Historic Population of Sao Tome and Principe (1950 - 2024)

Between 1950 and 2024 the population of Sao Tome and Principe grown from 60,975 people to 236,381. An increase of the population size by 287.67% in 73 years.

Year Total Male Female People +/- Density (p/kmยฒ) Growth Rate
1950 60,975 33,895 27,080 1,098 63.5156 1.801%
1951 62,050 34,452 27,598 1,053 64.6359 1.697%
1952 63,022 35,020 28,003 891 65.6484 1.414%
1953 63,864 35,527 28,337 791 66.5245 1.239%
1954 64,614 35,996 28,618 710 67.3063 1.099%
1955 65,300 36,438 28,862 662 68.0208 1.014%
1956 65,919 36,851 29,068 576 68.6656 0.874%
1957 66,464 37,226 29,238 513 69.2328 0.772%
1958 66,992 37,599 29,392 543 69.7828 0.811%
1959 67,532 37,974 29,558 538 70.3458 0.797%
1960 68,038 38,316 29,723 475 70.8734 0.698%
1961 68,705 38,494 30,211 858 71.5677 1.249%
1962 69,520 38,516 31,004 772 72.4167 1.11%
1963 70,272 38,522 31,750 733 73.2005 1.043%
1964 70,992 38,538 32,453 706 73.95 0.994%
1965 71,730 38,587 33,142 769 74.7182 1.072%
1966 72,567 38,702 33,865 906 75.5906 1.249%
1967 73,564 38,913 34,651 1,088 76.6292 1.479%
1968 74,738 39,230 35,508 1,261 77.8526 1.687%
1969 76,060 39,632 36,427 1,381 79.2286 1.816%
1970 77,583 40,209 37,374 1,666 80.8156 2.147%
1971 79,226 40,921 38,305 1,620 82.5271 2.045%
1972 80,835 41,620 39,215 1,598 84.2031 1.977%
1973 82,472 42,324 40,148 1,676 85.9083 2.032%
1974 84,189 43,075 41,114 1,758 87.6969 2.088%
1975 86,037 43,915 42,123 1,939 89.6224 2.254%
1976 88,078 44,867 43,211 2,142 91.7479 2.432%
1977 90,299 45,920 44,379 2,300 94.0615 2.547%
1978 92,658 47,051 45,608 2,419 96.5193 2.611%
1979 95,018 48,166 46,852 2,299 98.9766 2.42%
1980 97,210 49,157 48,053 2,086 101.2604 2.146%
1981 99,170 49,980 49,190 1,834 103.3021 1.849%
1982 100,932 50,708 50,223 1,689 105.137 1.673%
1983 102,650 51,452 51,198 1,747 106.9266 1.702%
1984 104,497 52,260 52,236 1,948 108.851 1.864%
1985 106,607 53,224 53,383 2,272 111.049 2.131%
1986 108,966 54,345 54,621 2,447 113.5068 2.246%
1987 111,610 55,623 55,987 2,840 116.2604 2.545%
1988 114,513 57,032 57,480 2,966 119.2844 2.59%
1989 117,445 58,448 58,996 2,897 122.338 2.467%
1990 120,343 59,831 60,512 2,900 125.3573 2.41%
1991 123,084 61,164 61,920 2,582 128.2125 2.098%
1992 125,648 62,447 63,200 2,546 130.8833 2.026%
1993 128,181 63,724 64,458 2,522 133.5229 1.968%
1994 130,666 64,980 65,686 2,446 136.1104 1.872%
1995 133,077 66,200 66,878 2,376 138.6219 1.785%
1996 135,412 67,388 68,024 2,295 141.0547 1.695%
1997 137,656 68,532 69,124 2,192 143.3917 1.592%
1998 139,790 69,618 70,171 2,075 145.6141 1.484%
1999 141,808 70,648 71,159 1,962 147.7167 1.384%
2000 143,714 71,620 72,094 1,849 149.7016 1.287%
2001 146,258 72,902 73,356 3,240 152.3521 2.215%
2002 149,841 74,706 75,135 3,927 156.0849 2.621%
2003 153,762 76,681 77,080 3,913 160.1682 2.545%
2004 157,697 78,656 79,040 3,958 164.2677 2.51%
2005 161,680 80,650 81,030 4,009 168.4172 2.48%
2006 165,725 82,666 83,058 4,078 172.6297 2.461%
2007 169,845 84,720 85,124 4,161 176.9214 2.45%
2008 174,004 86,800 87,204 4,157 181.2536 2.389%
2009 178,128 88,860 89,268 4,091 185.55 2.297%
2010 182,138 90,858 91,280 3,929 189.7276 2.157%
2011 186,044 92,829 93,216 3,883 193.7964 2.087%
2012 189,924 94,793 95,131 3,877 197.838 2.041%
2013 193,757 96,719 97,038 3,788 201.8302 1.955%
2014 197,497 98,594 98,903 3,692 205.726 1.869%
2015 201,124 100,410 100,714 3,561 209.5036 1.771%
2016 204,632 102,168 102,465 3,457 213.1589 1.689%
2017 208,036 103,865 104,172 3,351 216.7047 1.611%
2018 211,344 105,507 105,837 3,264 220.15 1.544%
2019 214,599 107,123 107,476 3,246 223.5406 1.513%
2020 218,641 109,112 109,528 4,838 227.751 2.213%
2021 223,107 111,305 111,802 4,094 232.4036 1.835%
2022 227,380 113,407 113,972 4,449 236.8536 1.957%
2023 231,856 115,601 116,254 4,503 241.5161 1.942%
2024 236,381 117,817 118,565 4,549 246.2307 1.924%

Statements that can be derived from Sao Tome and Principe's population data

  • Sao Tome and Principe has a population of 236,381 people, as of July 1, 2024.
  • Sao Tome and Principe's population is equivalent to 0.00% of the total world population.
  • In 2024, Sao Tome and Principe's population will grow with 4,549 people.
  • In 2024, 600 more people will emigrate from Sao Tome and Principe than immigrate to the country.
  • The median age of the population in Sao Tome and Principe is 18.96 years.
  • In Sao Tome and Principe there are 246.23 people per square kilometers (0.386102 square miles), if spaced out evenly.
  • 12.21 infants die at birth out of a 1000 new born in Sao Tome and Principe.
  • In Sao Tome and Principe, 117,817 of the total population are male, and 118,565 are female.

Future Population of Sao Tome and Principe (2024 - 2100)

Sao Tome and Principe's population is set to incease in the future from 236,381 people to 531,758 people. An increase of the population size by 772.09% from 2024 to 2100.

Year Total Male Female People +/- Density (p/kmยฒ) Growth Rate
2024 236,381 117,817 118,565 4,549 246.2307 1.924%
2025 240,979 120,068 120,912 4,646 251.0198 1.928%
2026 245,664 122,360 123,304 4,724 255.9 1.923%
2027 250,413 124,682 125,732 4,774 260.8469 1.907%
2028 255,223 127,031 128,192 4,846 265.8573 1.899%
2029 260,101 129,412 130,690 4,911 270.9391 1.888%
2030 265,036 131,817 133,219 4,957 276.0786 1.87%
2031 270,026 134,248 135,779 5,024 281.2771 1.861%
2032 275,089 136,715 138,374 5,102 286.551 1.855%
2033 280,216 139,210 141,005 5,151 291.8911 1.838%
2034 285,383 141,724 143,660 5,184 297.274 1.817%
2035 290,575 144,250 146,324 5,200 302.6823 1.79%
2036 295,789 146,784 149,006 5,228 308.1135 1.768%
2037 301,024 149,321 151,702 5,242 313.5667 1.741%
2038 306,261 151,860 154,401 5,232 319.0219 1.708%
2039 311,490 154,394 157,095 5,226 324.4688 1.678%
2040 316,692 156,914 159,779 5,178 329.8875 1.635%
2041 321,857 159,414 162,444 5,152 335.2677 1.601%
2042 326,985 161,893 165,092 5,104 340.6094 1.561%
2043 332,079 164,354 167,725 5,084 345.9156 1.531%
2044 337,139 166,799 170,339 5,035 351.1859 1.493%
2045 342,154 169,220 172,934 4,997 356.4109 1.46%
2046 347,130 171,619 175,511 4,954 361.5938 1.427%
2047 352,074 174,001 178,073 4,935 366.7443 1.402%
2048 356,975 176,362 180,613 4,866 371.849 1.363%
2049 361,833 178,702 183,131 4,850 376.9094 1.34%
2050 366,663 181,030 185,632 4,810 381.9406 1.312%
2051 371,464 183,345 188,120 4,793 386.9422 1.29%
2052 376,250 185,649 190,601 4,778 391.9271 1.27%
2053 381,014 187,942 193,072 4,751 396.8901 1.247%
2054 385,738 190,215 195,523 4,695 401.8099 1.217%
2055 390,400 192,458 197,942 4,630 406.6667 1.186%
2056 395,016 194,680 200,335 4,602 411.475 1.165%
2057 399,604 196,888 202,715 4,573 416.2536 1.144%
2058 404,146 199,076 205,071 4,513 420.9859 1.117%
2059 408,638 201,238 207,399 4,470 425.6646 1.094%
2060 413,088 203,382 209,707 4,431 430.3005 1.073%
2061 417,506 205,507 211,998 4,403 434.9016 1.055%
2062 421,873 207,607 214,266 4,333 439.4516 1.027%
2063 426,193 209,688 216,506 4,307 443.9516 1.011%
2064 430,463 211,744 218,719 4,232 448.399 0.983%
2065 434,685 213,775 220,910 4,212 452.7969 0.969%
2066 438,872 215,791 223,082 4,162 457.1583 0.948%
2067 443,000 217,776 225,224 4,094 461.4589 0.924%
2068 447,071 219,733 227,338 4,046 465.699 0.905%
2069 451,075 221,658 229,418 3,963 469.8703 0.879%
2070 455,006 223,544 231,462 3,898 473.9646 0.857%
2071 458,882 225,402 233,481 3,855 478.0026 0.84%
2072 462,690 227,220 235,469 3,759 481.9682 0.812%
2073 466,420 229,002 237,418 3,703 485.8547 0.794%
2074 470,063 230,738 239,325 3,582 489.649 0.762%
2075 473,598 232,418 241,180 3,489 493.3318 0.737%
2076 477,050 234,056 242,994 3,414 496.9271 0.716%
2077 480,430 235,653 244,777 3,346 500.4479 0.696%
2078 483,720 237,206 246,515 3,235 503.8755 0.669%
2079 486,909 238,712 248,197 3,143 507.1974 0.646%
2080 490,018 240,175 249,842 3,073 510.4349 0.627%
2081 493,030 241,589 251,440 2,952 513.5729 0.599%
2082 495,920 242,947 252,974 2,829 516.5839 0.57%
2083 498,709 244,254 254,456 2,748 519.4885 0.551%
2084 501,411 245,520 255,891 2,656 522.3031 0.53%
2085 504,002 246,733 257,269 2,527 525.0026 0.501%
2086 506,475 247,891 258,584 2,418 527.5781 0.477%
2087 508,848 249,002 259,846 2,329 530.0505 0.458%
2088 511,130 250,071 261,058 2,233 532.4266 0.437%
2089 513,309 251,095 262,214 2,127 534.6974 0.414%
2090 515,409 252,086 263,324 2,075 536.8859 0.403%
2091 517,422 253,035 264,388 1,949 538.9818 0.377%
2092 519,331 253,935 265,396 1,868 540.9698 0.36%
2093 521,154 254,803 266,352 1,779 542.8693 0.341%
2094 522,900 255,633 267,266 1,711 544.687 0.327%
2095 524,555 256,423 268,132 1,600 546.4115 0.305%
2096 526,142 257,182 268,960 1,574 548.0646 0.299%
2097 527,664 257,913 269,752 1,470 549.65 0.279%
2098 529,102 258,608 270,495 1,407 551.1484 0.266%
2099 530,471 259,267 271,204 1,330 552.574 0.251%
2100 531,758 259,892 271,866 1,244 553.9146 0.234%

Population Density of Sao Tome and Principe

Today, Sao Tome and Principe has a population density of 246.2307 people per square kilometer. The country has seen a change in density from 63.5156 people/kmยฒ since the 1950 to 246.2307 people/kmยฒ in 2024. In the future, Sao Tome and Principe is projected to reach a population density of 553.9146 people per square kilometer, by the year 2100.

Population Density of Sao Tome and Principe Between 1950 - 2100

View Detailed Population Density Data for Sao Tome and Principe

Growth Rate of Sao Tome and Principe's Population

The population growth rate of Sao Tome and Principe currently stands at 1.924% as of July 1, 2024. This is a decrease by 0.033 percentage points when compared to data from previous year. By 2024, the population growth rate of Sao Tome and Principe will decrease to 1.924%. If we look further into the future, we can see that Sao Tome and Principe's population growth is projected to land at a positive rate of 0.234% by the year 2100.

Population Growth Rate of Sao Tome and Principe Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Growth Rate
1950 1.801%
1960 0.698%
1970 2.147%
1980 2.146%
1990 2.41%
2000 1.287%
2010 2.157%
2020 2.213%
Year Growth Rate
2030 1.87%
2040 1.635%
2050 1.312%
2060 1.073%
2070 0.857%
2080 0.627%
2090 0.403%
2100 0.234%
View Detailed Population Growth Rate Data for Sao Tome and Principe

Life Expectancy of Sao Tome and Principe

Today, Sao Tome and Principe has an average life expectancy of 68.9837 years of age. The country has seen a change in life expectancy from 40.0701 years since the 1950 to 68.9837 years in 2024. In the future, Sao Tome and Principe is projected to reach a population life expectancy of 77.7308 years of age, by the year 2100.

Life Expectancy of Sao Tome and Principe Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Life Expectancy (Age)
1950 40,070
1960 43,039
1970 56,515
1980 59,738
1990 61,471
2000 61,655
2010 65,248
2020 67,784
Year Life Expectancy (Age)
2030 69,577
2040 70,571
2050 71,628
2060 72,770
2070 73,921
2080 75,115
2090 76,406
2100 77,730
View Detailed Life Expectancy Data for Sao Tome and Principe

Migration to and from Sao Tome and Principe

In 2024 Sao Tome and Principe will see net migrations of -600 people. This means that 600 more people will emigrate from Sao Tome and Principe than immigrate to the country this year. A decrease of net migrations when compared to the previous year of 2022, when the net migrations of Sao Tome and Principe was -600.

Net Migration for Sao Tome and Principe Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Net Migration
1950 -306
1960 -1,158
1970 -283
1980 -775
1990 -724
2000 -2,512
2010 -1,527
2020 0
Year Net Migration
2030 -600
2040 -600
2050 -600
2060 -600
2070 -600
2080 -600
2090 -600
2100 -600
View Detailed Migration Data for Sao Tome and Principe

Births in Sao Tome and Principe

In 2024, Sao Tome and Principe will see 6,538 babies be born. That is an increase when compared to the ammount of births recorded by Sao Tome and Principe in 2022, when the country saw 6,370 new borns.

Births Sao Tome and Principe Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Births
1950 2,944
1960 3,159
1970 2,963
1980 3,967
1990 4,844
2000 5,725
2010 6,751
2020 6,218
Year Births
2030 7,080
2040 7,643
2050 7,719
2060 7,805
2070 7,767
2080 7,556
2090 7,260
2100 6,976
View Detailed Birth Data for Sao Tome and Principe

Deaths in Sao Tome and Principe

In 2024, 1,374 people will die in Sao Tome and Principe. That is an increase of Sao Tome and Principe's death count when compared to 2022, when the country recorded 1,329 deaths.

Deaths Sao Tome and Principe Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Deaths
1950 1,540
1960 1,522
1970 1,027
1980 1,104
1990 1,220
2000 1,355
2010 1,292
2020 1,376
Year Births
2030 1,525
2040 1,873
2050 2,306
2060 2,776
2070 3,281
2080 3,884
2090 4,593
2100 5,131
View Detailed Death Data for Sao Tome and Principe

Median Age in Sao Tome and Principe

The median age of Sao Tome and Principe has been on an upward trend since the 1950's and it will continue well into the future. When the median age of Sao Tome and Principe will reach 35.9452 years of age, by the year 2100.

Median Age in Sao Tome and Principe Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Median Age
1950 23.684
1960 23.2487
1970 15.7468
1980 16.1945
1990 15.9518
2000 16.7308
2010 17.7085
2020 18.1858
Year Median Age
2030 20.4056
2040 22.577
2050 24.4408
2060 26.71
2070 29.2406
2080 31.6642
2090 33.9089
2100 35.9452
View Detailed Median Age Data for Sao Tome and Principe

Fertility Rate in Sao Tome and Principe

The fertility rate of Sao Tome and Principe has been on a downward trend since the 1950's and it will continue well into the future. When the total fertility rate of Sao Tome and Principe will reach 1.946 births per woman, by the year 2100.

Fertility Rate in Sao Tome and Principe Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Total Fertility Rate (births per woman)
1950 6.2268
1960 6.242
1970 6.4678
1980 6.3863
1990 5.8284
2000 5.1758
2010 4.727
2020 3.8925
Year Total Fertility Rate (births per woman)
2030 3.295
2040 2.903
2050 2.6256
2060 2.4001
2070 2.2307
2080 2.1156
2090 2.0118
2100 1.946
View Detailed Fertility Rate Data for Sao Tome and Principe

Infant Mortality Rate in Sao Tome and Principe

The infant mortality rate is recorded as infant deaths under 1 year for every 1,000 live births. It gives us an insight into the maternal and infant health of Sao Tome and Principe while at the same time being an important marker for the overall health of the country. The infant mortality rate of Sao Tome and Principe has been on a positive downward trend since the 1950's when the infant mortality rate of the country was 168.3274. Today, Sao Tome and Principe has a much better infant mortality rate of 12.2094 infant deaths for every 1,000 live births. This is set to improve even further in the future when Sao Tome and Principe is projected to record an infant mortality rate of only 3.5757 infant deaths for every 1,000 live births, by the year 2100.

Infant Mortality Rate in Sao Tome and Principe Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Infant Mortality Rate
1950 168.3274
1960 146.3436
1970 92.8363
1980 76.5549
1990 69.8341
2000 55.075
2010 26.7893
2020 12.6207
Year Infant Mortality Rate
2030 11.0736
2040 9.3779
2050 7.846
2060 6.4629
2070 5.4884
2080 4.7655
2090 4.0956
2100 3.5757
View Detailed Infant Mortality Rate Data for Sao Tome and Principe

Data Information

Data found on this page is based on the medium fertility variant of the United Nations Revision of World Population Prospects 2022.

Data Sources

The United Nations - Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Population Division)

UN Revision of World Population Prospects 2022

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