๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡น Life Expectancy in Sao Tome and Principe

68.98 years
Average Life Expectancy (both sexes)
66.20 years
Average Life Expectancy Males
72.15 years
Average Life Expectancy Females

The current average life expectancy for Sao Tome and Principe in 2024 is 68.9837 years of age. A 0.14% increase from 2023, when the average life expectancy was 68.8868 years, from birth to death. In the future, Sao Tome and Principe's average life expectancy is projected to increase to 77.7308 years of age, by the year 2100. A total increase of the average life expectancy for people living in Sao Tome and Principe by 12.68% from today's standard. This positive trend can be attributed to technological advancements, a better standard of living, and an icrease in healthcare availability.

Historic Life Expectancy in Sao Tome and Principe (1950-2024)

Between 1950 to 2024 the average life expectancy of people living in Sao Tome and Principe has increased from 40.0701 to 68.9837 years. That is an 72.16% increase that allow people of the country to live an extra 28.9136 years of life, on average.

Year Life Expectancy (Age) Life Expectancy Male Life Expectancy Female
1950 40.0701 39.4163 40.6867
1951 40.1702 39.4989 40.8057
1952 40.2462 39.5673 40.8813
1953 40.3758 39.7508 40.9324
1954 40.4271 39.8026 40.9832
1955 40.1715 39.5119 40.7725
1956 38.0787 37.343 38.8032
1957 38.8662 38.0951 39.6254
1958 40.0403 38.9952 41.202
1959 41.5675 40.3734 42.9617
1960 43.0397 41.6485 44.7385
1961 44.3594 42.8354 46.2583
1962 45.8615 44.1405 48.0401
1963 46.0941 45.0263 47.3225
1964 47.161 46.3551 48.0256
1965 49.0221 47.8469 50.3573
1966 51.5596 49.8855 53.4977
1967 54.0656 52.4965 55.8085
1968 54.9165 53.2024 56.8208
1969 55.0804 53.2291 57.1377
1970 56.5156 54.3408 58.9285
1971 56.841 54.3966 59.5736
1972 57.3492 55.1273 59.7954
1973 57.9411 55.7813 60.2998
1974 58.0416 56.0998 60.1259
1975 58.2627 56.5155 60.112
1976 58.5762 56.8314 60.4147
1977 58.8295 57.1564 60.5819
1978 59.3251 57.7098 61.007
1979 59.714 58.3848 61.0724
1980 59.7387 58.3088 61.2105
1981 59.487 57.9395 61.0912
1982 59.5576 57.8669 61.3125
1983 59.432 57.6254 61.3186
1984 59.4866 57.5208 61.552
1985 59.8109 58.3846 61.2779
1986 57.5267 56.1628 58.9444
1987 61.0169 59.4426 62.643
1988 61.3341 59.5971 63.1414
1989 60.1584 58.3829 62.0184
1990 61.471 59.5057 63.5362
1991 61.4289 59.3924 63.5705
1992 61.2837 59.1676 63.5133
1993 61.138 58.9544 63.4415
1994 61.069 58.8755 63.3836
1995 61.0556 58.9035 63.3209
1996 61.0971 58.9907 63.3086
1997 61.181 59.1275 63.3312
1998 61.1868 59.0691 63.4083
1999 61.3934 59.4597 63.4046
2000 61.6554 59.9307 63.4303
2001 62.0316 60.3622 63.7393
2002 62.6003 60.838 64.4029
2003 63.166 61.3403 65.0371
2004 63.7311 61.6196 65.9231
2005 63.7089 61.4633 66.0597
2006 64.3982 62.0511 66.8705
2007 64.7239 62.5567 66.9934
2008 65.0786 62.7904 67.4956
2009 65.1157 62.6448 67.7649
2010 65.2486 62.8598 67.8123
2011 64.9017 62.6993 67.2698
2012 65.7457 63.1463 68.6014
2013 66.3275 63.8635 69.0336
2014 66.8452 64.1187 69.8946
2015 67.2491 64.6488 70.1599
2016 67.4917 64.9301 70.3756
2017 68.2666 65.5318 71.377
2018 68.3549 65.6533 71.4452
2019 68.5231 65.8307 71.6198
2020 67.7848 65.1601 70.8777
2021 67.5912 65.1607 70.4194
2022 68.7944 66.0542 71.938
2023 68.8868 66.1261 72.0404
2024 68.9837 66.2004 72.1501

How is life expectancy calculated?

Life expectancy represent the average number of years of life remaining in a group of people. The numbers above represent life expectancy of the population in Sao Tome and Principe, calculated from birth.

Future Life Expectancy in Sao Tome and Principe (2024-2100)

Sao Tome and Principe's average life expectancy is projected to increase in the future. By the year 2100, the country will have reached an average life expectancy of 77.7308 years of age. An 12.68% increase from today's standard.

Year Life Expectancy (Age) Life Expectancy Male Life Expectancy Female
2024 68.9837 66.2004 72.1501
2025 69.0774 66.2736 72.2534
2026 69.173 66.3485 72.3592
2027 69.2717 66.4252 72.4702
2028 69.3757 66.5075 72.5847
2029 69.4794 66.5947 72.6933
2030 69.5776 66.6738 72.7996
2031 69.6687 66.7449 72.8998
2032 69.7676 66.821 73.0113
2033 69.8712 66.9035 73.125
2034 69.9737 66.9901 73.2307
2035 70.069 67.0576 73.3451
2036 70.1729 67.1435 73.4559
2037 70.2702 67.2261 73.5548
2038 70.3678 67.3038 73.6607
2039 70.4717 67.3844 73.7782
2040 70.5714 67.4649 73.8851
2041 70.68 67.5572 73.9978
2042 70.7869 67.6469 74.1103
2043 70.8896 67.7295 74.2213
2044 70.9898 67.8134 74.3261
2045 71.0905 67.897 74.4322
2046 71.1999 67.9876 74.549
2047 71.3107 68.0825 74.6637
2048 71.4142 68.1701 74.7714
2049 71.5292 68.2727 74.8861
2050 71.6283 68.3569 74.9891
2051 71.731 68.4423 75.0985
2052 71.8465 68.5509 75.2076
2053 71.9535 68.6442 75.3178
2054 72.0734 68.7488 75.4433
2055 72.1929 68.8587 75.5616
2056 72.301 68.9564 75.6706
2057 72.421 69.0748 75.7813
2058 72.5336 69.1755 75.8984
2059 72.6534 69.2937 76.0105
2060 72.77 69.4075 76.1219
2061 72.8842 69.5104 76.2416
2062 72.998 69.6129 76.3621
2063 73.1036 69.72 76.4599
2064 73.2141 69.8271 76.5696
2065 73.3389 69.9494 76.6926
2066 73.452 70.0648 76.7991
2067 73.5678 70.1764 76.9169
2068 73.6831 70.2998 77.0203
2069 73.7999 70.4155 77.1371
2070 73.9215 70.5411 77.2531
2071 74.0349 70.6652 77.3541
2072 74.1507 70.7855 77.4653
2073 74.2764 70.9124 77.5904
2074 74.3866 71.0275 77.697
2075 74.5068 71.1551 77.8107
2076 74.6249 71.282 77.9211
2077 74.7497 71.4216 78.0312
2078 74.8651 71.5424 78.1438
2079 74.9923 71.6844 78.2569
2080 75.1152 71.8239 78.3642
2081 75.2495 71.9753 78.4821
2082 75.3742 72.1044 78.6059
2083 75.4905 72.2371 78.7077
2084 75.6235 72.3808 78.832
2085 75.7496 72.5232 78.9436
2086 75.8797 72.6759 79.0513
2087 76.0034 72.8072 79.1705
2088 76.1508 72.9757 79.2965
2089 76.2747 73.1204 79.4004
2090 76.406 73.2648 79.5207
2091 76.5264 73.3948 79.6342
2092 76.67 73.5631 79.7522
2093 76.8002 73.7089 79.8679
2094 76.9303 73.8576 79.9801
2095 77.0532 74.0074 80.0755
2096 77.1871 74.155 80.1969
2097 77.3196 74.303 80.3146
2098 77.4589 74.477 80.4163
2099 77.5973 74.6275 80.5439
2100 77.7308 74.7915 80.645

Factors that Affect Life Expectancy

Just like any other region or country, Sao Tome and Principe's life expectancy is influenced by a variety of factors, that include both individual and population-level factors. Broadly speaking, life expectancy is most affected by fertility rate, deaths, immigration and emigration. Some of the individual and population-level factors listed below can get you a better insight into its causes and affects of life expectancy.

Healthcare and Medical Advances

Access to quality healthcare, advancements in medical technology, and improvements in disease prevention, diagnosis, and treatment play a significant role in increasing life expectancy. This includes vaccinations, antibiotics, surgical procedures, and the management of chronic conditions can greatly increase life expectancy of a country or region.

Socioeconomic Status

Income, education, and occupation are strongly correlated with life expectancy. Higher socioeconomic status typically provides individuals with better access to healthcare, healthier living conditions, and improved overall well-being, contributing to longer life expectancy of a country or region.

Environmental Factors

Environmental conditions can impact life expectancy. Access to clean air, water, and sanitation, as well as exposure to environmental pollutants and hazardous substances, can affect health outcomes and life expectancy.

Social Support and Relationships

Strong social connections, supportive relationships, and community engagement has also been linked to improved health outcomes and increased life expectancy. Social isolation and loneliness, on the other hand, can have negative effects on health and decrease life expectancy.

Access to and Quiality of Education

Education is associated with better health outcomes and increased life expectancy. It promotes healthier behaviors, improves health literacy, and provides individuals with opportunities for better employment and income.

Public Health Measures

Effective public health measures, such as disease surveillance, prevention programs, and health education campaigns, can have a significant impact on life expectancy by reducing the incidence and impact of infectious diseases, promoting healthy behaviors, and improving overall population health.

Immigration and Emigration

Life expectancy of a region or country is also affected by immigration of emigration. If healthier people immigrate or emigrate from a country, the life expectancy numbers of those two regions will be influenced by the movement of said people.

Causes of Positive Life Expectancy in Sao Tome and Principe

Causes of Negative Life Expectancy in Sao Tome and Principe

Data Information

Data found on this page is based on the medium fertility variant of the United Nations Revision of World Population Prospects 2022.

Data Sources

The United Nations - Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Population Division)

UN Revision of World Population Prospects 2022

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