๐Ÿ—บ๏ธ Population Growth Rate of Southern Africa

The current population growth rate of Southern Africa is 0.962%. A 8.82% increase from 2022, when the population growth rate only was 0.884%. In the future, Southern Africa's population growth rate is projected to decrease to -0.166%, by the year 2100. A total decrease of the population growth rate of Southern Africa by -117.26% from today's standard.

Historic Population Growth Rate of Southern Africa (1950-2023)

Southern Africa has seen a decrease in population growth rate since the 1950's.

Year Population Growth Rate Overall Population +/-
1950 2.054% 304,482
1951 2.139% 323,772
1952 2.204% 340,945
1953 2.223% 351,534
1954 2.273% 367,708
1955 2.326% 384,931
1956 2.38% 403,255
1957 2.445% 424,411
1958 2.417% 429,838
1959 2.516% 458,736
1960 2.628% 491,615
1961 2.881% 553,922
1962 2.96% 586,004
1963 2.992% 610,312
1964 3.023% 635,472
1965 3.016% 653,371
1966 3.0% 669,736
1967 3.042% 700,020
1968 3.019% 715,909
1969 2.996% 732,331
1970 2.955% 744,180
1971 2.885% 747,825
1972 2.917% 778,386
1973 2.921% 802,622
1974 2.873% 812,764
1975 2.839% 826,260
1976 2.734% 818,375
1977 2.795% 859,982
1978 2.698% 853,286
1979 2.726% 885,802
1980 2.67% 891,203
1981 2.548% 872,906
1982 2.678% 941,839
1983 2.767% 1,000,222
1984 2.878% 1,070,030
1985 3.076% 1,178,240
1986 3.446% 1,363,666
1987 3.447% 1,411,741
1988 3.41% 1,445,276
1989 3.364% 1,475,178
1990 2.883% 1,304,012
1991 2.298% 1,066,623
1992 1.97% 934,234
1993 1.831% 885,079
1994 1.689% 830,699
1995 1.651% 826,072
1996 1.522% 773,497
1997 1.364% 703,368
1998 1.233% 643,949
1999 1.1% 581,080
2000 0.94% 501,695
2001 0.926% 499,101
2002 0.938% 510,092
2003 0.909% 499,212
2004 0.931% 515,878
2005 0.924% 516,962
2006 0.995% 561,842
2007 1.05% 599,167
2008 1.23% 709,894
2009 1.165% 680,473
2010 1.24% 733,073
2011 1.296% 775,382
2012 1.364% 827,297
2013 1.366% 839,845
2014 1.75% 1,092,902
2015 2.249% 1,432,700
2016 -0.151% -97,498
2017 1.217% 787,805
2018 1.317% 863,351
2019 1.33% 883,743
2020 1.194% 803,189
2021 0.914% 621,556
2022 0.884% 606,716
2023 0.962% 666,220

Future Population Growth Rate of Southern Africa (2023-2100)

Southern Africa's population growth rate is projected to decrease in the future. According to the United Nation, it will drop from today's growth rate of 0.884% all the way down to -0.166% by the year 2100. The yearly downward trend is clearly visible from the charts and data below.

Year Population Growth Rate Overall Population +/-
2023 0.962% 666,220
2024 1.131% 791,219
2025 1.084% 766,909
2026 1.045% 747,151
2027 1.01% 729,242
2028 0.972% 709,338
2029 0.945% 696,083
2030 0.918% 682,652
2031 0.893% 669,842
2032 0.874% 661,213
2033 0.851% 649,538
2034 0.828% 637,546
2035 0.81% 628,473
2036 0.792% 619,878
2037 0.771% 607,669
2038 0.748% 594,151
2039 0.727% 581,954
2040 0.707% 569,986
2041 0.688% 558,591
2042 0.664% 542,679
2043 0.643% 528,926
2044 0.619% 512,253
2045 0.595% 495,702
2046 0.568% 475,724
2047 0.544% 458,529
2048 0.518% 438,658
2049 0.495% 421,367
2050 0.465% 397,919
2051 0.44% 377,754
2052 0.411% 355,048
2053 0.391% 338,459
2054 0.366% 318,202
2055 0.34% 297,049
2056 0.319% 279,135
2057 0.3% 263,340
2058 0.279% 245,369
2059 0.258% 227,500
2060 0.236% 208,961
2061 0.221% 195,989
2062 0.207% 184,070
2063 0.193% 171,564
2064 0.175% 156,636
2065 0.161% 143,748
2066 0.145% 129,741
2067 0.139% 124,567
2068 0.123% 110,747
2069 0.108% 97,261
2070 0.098% 88,190
2071 0.09% 81,181
2072 0.077% 69,802
2073 0.061% 55,454
2074 0.05% 44,698
2075 0.036% 32,525
2076 0.026% 23,729
2077 0.017% 15,167
2078 0.007% 6,402
2079 -0.007% -6,469
2080 -0.017% -14,968
2081 -0.025% -22,427
2082 -0.036% -32,539
2083 -0.04% -36,060
2084 -0.049% -43,997
2085 -0.058% -52,076
2086 -0.063% -56,800
2087 -0.068% -61,435
2088 -0.076% -68,503
2089 -0.084% -75,718
2090 -0.091% -81,779
2091 -0.099% -88,813
2092 -0.11% -99,067
2093 -0.115% -103,345
2094 -0.123% -110,408
2095 -0.131% -116,667
2096 -0.135% -120,873
2097 -0.145% -129,218
2098 -0.151% -134,518
2099 -0.156% -138,467
2100 -0.166% -147,688

Why is the chart for future population growth rate mostly flat?

Predicting and projecting future population growth rate is extremely hard. Especially, the further you move into the future. Thus, the scientist and data collectors of the United Nations tend to add a flat number when reasonable projections can't be made.

Understanding Population Growth Rate: How Births, Deaths, and Migration Impact Population Size of Southern Africa

Population growth rate is defined as the annual average rate of change of population size, for a given country, territory, or geographic area, during a specified period. It is considered an international standard for measuring population change. The United Nations uses population growth rate as one of the key indicators for measuring population trends, and for forecasting future population size. Part of that data is used on this page to visualize and explore historic and future population growth rate over time.

What is Population Growth Rate?

Population growth rate is a measure of how quickly a population is increasing or decreasing in size over time. It is expressed as a percentage of change over a time period. Most commonly, its typically messured on a yearly basis, allowing you to evaluate percentage on year over year basis. However, population growth rate can be applied and calculated on any timeframe.

  • Population growth rate is used to indicate population increase or decrease in size over time.
  • It is measured as a percentage of change, from previous to current population size.
  • It is often expressed as a yearly rate, but can be applied to any timeframe.
  • A positive population growth rate indicates that a population is increasing.
  • A negative population growth rate indicates that a population is decreasing.
  • Birth rate, death rate, and migration affect the population growth rate.
  • A high birth rate and low death rate will result in a high population growth rate.
  • A low birth rate and high death rate will result in a low population growth rate.
  • Net migration also affect the population growth rate of Southern Africa.
  • Population growth rate is an important metric for demographic, environmental and economic forecasting.

How is Population Growth Rate calculated?

The population growth rate indicates the increase or decrease of a population in percent (%). The formula to calculate population growth rate can be used on any timeframe. In this case it indicates the population growth reate year over year, where a negative population growth rate is presented with red coloring and positive with green. The population growth rate of Southern Africa is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.

Population Growth Rate Formula

Population Growth Rate = New Population - Original Population / Original Population * 100

What Causes Population Growth Rate to Increase or Decrease?

Just like any other country or region, Southern Africa's population growth rate is influenced by a variety of factors that causes it to increase or decrease.

Birth Rate

The number of births per 1,000 individuals in a population over a specific period of time affects population growth. Higher birth rates contribute to population growth, while lower birth rates slow down growth.

Death Rate

The number of deaths per 1,000 individuals in a population over a specific period of time also influences population growth. Higher death rates can reduce population growth, while lower death rates contribute to growth.

Total Fertility Rate

The average number of children born to women of childbearing age is known as the total fertility rate. Higher fertility rates can lead to population growth, while lower fertility rates can result in slower growth or even population decline.

Life Expectancy

The average number of years a person is expected to live affects population growth. Higher life expectancy can result in population growth, as people live longer and contribute to the population for a greater duration.

Immigration and Emigration

Migration patterns, including immigration (inflow of individuals from other countries) and emigration (outflow of individuals to other countries), can significantly impact population growth rates. Higher immigration rates can contribute to population growth, while high emigration rates can slow down growth.

Government Policies

Government policies related to family planning, healthcare, immigration, and social welfare can also influence population growth rates. For example, policies promoting contraception and family planning can lead to lower birth rates and slower growth.

Socioeconomic Factors

Factors such as economic development, education, and urbanization can affect population growth rates. Higher levels of education and economic opportunities often correlate with lower birth rates and slower population growth.

Data Information

Data found on this page is based on the medium fertility variant of the United Nations Revision of World Population Prospects 2022.

Data Sources

The United Nations - Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Population Division)

UN Revision of World Population Prospects 2022

Data Disclaimer

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