๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Population Growth Rate of Spain

The current population growth rate of Spain is -0.105%. A 16.67% decrease from 2023, when the population growth rate was -0.09%. In the future, Spain's population growth rate is projected to decrease to -0.639%, by the year 2100. A total decrease of the population growth rate of Spain by 508.57% from today's standard.

Historic Population Growth Rate of Spain (1950-2024)

Spain has seen a decrease in population growth rate since the 1950's.

Year Population Growth Rate Overall Population +/-
1950 0.386% 108,262
1951 0.59% 166,510
1952 0.806% 228,873
1953 0.799% 228,662
1954 0.793% 229,015
1955 0.814% 236,977
1956 0.79% 231,828
1957 0.891% 263,508
1958 0.993% 296,478
1959 0.961% 289,668
1960 0.791% 240,495
1961 1.146% 352,048
1962 1.061% 329,487
1963 1.091% 342,359
1964 1.184% 375,821
1965 1.099% 352,921
1966 1.071% 347,585
1967 1.086% 356,327
1968 0.996% 330,388
1969 0.942% 315,474
1970 0.914% 308,736
1971 1.094% 373,274
1972 1.129% 389,821
1973 1.078% 376,133
1974 1.379% 487,368
1975 1.045% 373,700
1976 1.061% 383,566
1977 0.998% 364,470
1978 0.923% 340,252
1979 0.825% 306,791
1980 0.796% 298,612
1981 0.623% 235,353
1982 0.557% 211,648
1983 0.429% 163,574
1984 0.409% 156,757
1985 0.331% 127,232
1986 0.286% 110,543
1987 0.25% 96,907
1988 0.2% 77,472
1989 0.138% 53,720
1990 0.081% 31,422
1991 0.469% 182,926
1992 0.58% 227,449
1993 0.531% 209,141
1994 0.498% 197,218
1995 0.463% 184,478
1996 0.448% 179,321
1997 0.467% 187,833
1998 0.438% 176,781
1999 0.451% 182,970
2000 0.53% 215,869
2001 0.571% 233,727
2002 1.902% 788,684
2003 1.697% 716,547
2004 1.728% 742,244
2005 1.623% 709,172
2006 1.724% 765,742
2007 1.945% 880,160
2008 1.221% 561,352
2009 0.52% 241,116
2010 0.363% 168,885
2011 0.308% 144,035
2012 -0.193% -90,337
2013 -0.461% -214,908
2014 -0.135% -62,908
2015 -0.008% -3,510
2016 0.188% 87,456
2017 0.288% 134,253
2018 0.602% 281,494
2019 0.843% 397,164
2020 0.143% 67,706
2021 0.376% 178,550
2022 -0.074% -35,161
2023 -0.09% -42,843
2024 -0.105% -49,666

Future Population Growth Rate of Spain (2024-2100)

Spain's population growth rate is projected to decrease in the future. According to the United Nation, it will drop from today's growth rate of -0.09% all the way down to -0.639% by the year 2100. The yearly downward trend is clearly visible from the charts and data below.

Year Population Growth Rate Overall Population +/-
2024 -0.105% -49,666
2025 -0.12% -57,032
2026 -0.13% -61,658
2027 -0.142% -67,390
2028 -0.151% -71,532
2029 -0.158% -74,455
2030 -0.17% -79,800
2031 -0.175% -82,263
2032 -0.183% -86,060
2033 -0.194% -90,886
2034 -0.208% -97,099
2035 -0.218% -101,506
2036 -0.231% -107,553
2037 -0.243% -112,780
2038 -0.255% -118,181
2039 -0.273% -125,999
2040 -0.289% -132,940
2041 -0.31% -142,271
2042 -0.331% -151,338
2043 -0.351% -160,036
2044 -0.371% -168,662
2045 -0.395% -178,839
2046 -0.423% -190,551
2047 -0.453% -203,458
2048 -0.484% -216,163
2049 -0.517% -229,688
2050 -0.547% -241,669
2051 -0.579% -254,713
2052 -0.611% -266,897
2053 -0.641% -278,549
2054 -0.672% -289,956
2055 -0.702% -300,816
2056 -0.728% -309,979
2057 -0.753% -317,913
2058 -0.774% -324,504
2059 -0.795% -330,487
2060 -0.815% -336,095
2061 -0.829% -339,058
2062 -0.845% -342,921
2063 -0.851% -342,564
2064 -0.862% -343,797
2065 -0.87% -344,100
2066 -0.875% -343,072
2067 -0.876% -340,296
2068 -0.876% -337,567
2069 -0.873% -333,320
2070 -0.867% -328,086
2071 -0.853% -320,289
2072 -0.841% -312,949
2073 -0.831% -306,552
2074 -0.812% -297,156
2075 -0.791% -287,271
2076 -0.769% -277,145
2077 -0.747% -267,184
2078 -0.727% -258,082
2079 -0.704% -248,192
2080 -0.689% -241,048
2081 -0.67% -232,748
2082 -0.656% -226,427
2083 -0.642% -220,176
2084 -0.632% -215,340
2085 -0.627% -212,466
2086 -0.617% -207,579
2087 -0.613% -204,976
2088 -0.611% -203,036
2089 -0.607% -200,520
2090 -0.605% -198,852
2091 -0.609% -198,821
2092 -0.61% -197,996
2093 -0.61% -196,709
2094 -0.613% -196,609
2095 -0.617% -196,526
2096 -0.62% -196,357
2097 -0.629% -197,991
2098 -0.632% -197,734
2099 -0.637% -197,908
2100 -0.639% -197,299

Why is the chart for future population growth rate mostly flat?

Predicting and projecting future population growth rate is extremely hard. Especially, the further you move into the future. Thus, the scientist and data collectors of the United Nations tend to add a flat number when reasonable projections can't be made.

Understanding Population Growth Rate: How Births, Deaths, and Migration Impact Population Size of Spain

Population growth rate is defined as the annual average rate of change of population size, for a given country, territory, or geographic area, during a specified period. It is considered an international standard for measuring population change. The United Nations uses population growth rate as one of the key indicators for measuring population trends, and for forecasting future population size. Part of that data is used on this page to visualize and explore historic and future population growth rate over time.

What is Population Growth Rate?

Population growth rate is a measure of how quickly a population is increasing or decreasing in size over time. It is expressed as a percentage of change over a time period. Most commonly, its typically messured on a yearly basis, allowing you to evaluate percentage on year over year basis. However, population growth rate can be applied and calculated on any timeframe.

  • Population growth rate is used to indicate population increase or decrease in size over time.
  • It is measured as a percentage of change, from previous to current population size.
  • It is often expressed as a yearly rate, but can be applied to any timeframe.
  • A positive population growth rate indicates that a population is increasing.
  • A negative population growth rate indicates that a population is decreasing.
  • Birth rate, death rate, and migration affect the population growth rate.
  • A high birth rate and low death rate will result in a high population growth rate.
  • A low birth rate and high death rate will result in a low population growth rate.
  • Net migration also affect the population growth rate of Spain.
  • Population growth rate is an important metric for demographic, environmental and economic forecasting.

How is Population Growth Rate calculated?

The population growth rate indicates the increase or decrease of a population in percent (%). The formula to calculate population growth rate can be used on any timeframe. In this case it indicates the population growth reate year over year, where a negative population growth rate is presented with red coloring and positive with green. The population growth rate of Spain is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.

Population Growth Rate Formula

Population Growth Rate = New Population - Original Population / Original Population * 100

What Causes Population Growth Rate to Increase or Decrease?

Just like any other country or region, Spain's population growth rate is influenced by a variety of factors that causes it to increase or decrease.

Birth Rate

The number of births per 1,000 individuals in a population over a specific period of time affects population growth. Higher birth rates contribute to population growth, while lower birth rates slow down growth.

Death Rate

The number of deaths per 1,000 individuals in a population over a specific period of time also influences population growth. Higher death rates can reduce population growth, while lower death rates contribute to growth.

Total Fertility Rate

The average number of children born to women of childbearing age is known as the total fertility rate. Higher fertility rates can lead to population growth, while lower fertility rates can result in slower growth or even population decline.

Life Expectancy

The average number of years a person is expected to live affects population growth. Higher life expectancy can result in population growth, as people live longer and contribute to the population for a greater duration.

Immigration and Emigration

Migration patterns, including immigration (inflow of individuals from other countries) and emigration (outflow of individuals to other countries), can significantly impact population growth rates. Higher immigration rates can contribute to population growth, while high emigration rates can slow down growth.

Government Policies

Government policies related to family planning, healthcare, immigration, and social welfare can also influence population growth rates. For example, policies promoting contraception and family planning can lead to lower birth rates and slower growth.

Socioeconomic Factors

Factors such as economic development, education, and urbanization can affect population growth rates. Higher levels of education and economic opportunities often correlate with lower birth rates and slower population growth.

Data Information

Data found on this page is based on the medium fertility variant of the United Nations Revision of World Population Prospects 2022.

Data Sources

The United Nations - Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Population Division)

UN Revision of World Population Prospects 2022

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