๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ช Population of Estonia

1,319,041
Current Population of Estonia
-3,932
Net population growth this year
30.35
Population Density (people/kmยฒ)

As of July 1, 2024 the population of Estonia reached 1,319,041, of which 627,570 people are male and 691,471 female. The country has a population density of 30.3465 people per square kilometer. With an overall population growth rate of -0.298% for the year. According to the latest data, Estonia is set to decrease its population size by -3,932 people next year. Making the total population count of Estonia 1,319,041 people by 2024.

Historic Population of Estonia (1950 - 2024)

Between 1950 and 2024 the population of Estonia grown from 1,102,078 people to 1,319,041. An increase of the population size by 19.69% in 73 years.

Year Total Male Female People +/- Density (p/kmยฒ) Growth Rate
1950 1,102,078 469,784 632,293 14,493 25.3549 1.315%
1951 1,116,336 478,137 638,199 14,025 25.683 1.256%
1952 1,130,244 486,315 643,928 13,789 26.0029 1.22%
1953 1,143,305 494,068 649,237 12,335 26.3034 1.079%
1954 1,155,800 501,567 654,232 12,653 26.5909 1.095%
1955 1,168,276 509,050 659,226 12,301 26.8779 1.053%
1956 1,179,950 516,106 663,844 11,047 27.1465 0.936%
1957 1,190,792 522,761 668,030 10,635 27.3959 0.893%
1958 1,199,866 527,525 672,341 7,514 27.6047 0.626%
1959 1,207,082 531,181 675,900 6,917 27.7707 0.573%
1960 1,218,064 537,820 680,244 15,048 28.0234 1.235%
1961 1,233,243 546,748 686,495 15,310 28.3726 1.241%
1962 1,248,160 555,693 692,468 14,525 28.7158 1.164%
1963 1,262,540 564,429 698,110 14,233 29.0466 1.127%
1964 1,277,334 573,274 704,061 15,356 29.387 1.202%
1965 1,292,004 582,055 709,949 13,984 29.7245 1.082%
1966 1,305,808 590,397 715,411 13,624 30.0421 1.043%
1967 1,319,741 598,686 721,055 14,241 30.3626 1.079%
1968 1,334,226 607,177 727,050 14,731 30.6959 1.104%
1969 1,348,704 615,744 732,960 14,224 31.0289 1.055%
1970 1,361,999 623,187 738,812 12,366 31.3348 0.908%
1971 1,374,794 629,920 744,874 13,224 31.6292 0.962%
1972 1,387,623 636,694 750,928 12,434 31.9243 0.896%
1973 1,399,849 643,212 756,636 12,017 32.2056 0.858%
1974 1,412,117 649,696 762,421 12,520 32.4879 0.887%
1975 1,424,044 656,008 768,036 11,335 32.7623 0.796%
1976 1,435,355 662,035 773,320 11,286 33.0225 0.786%
1977 1,447,120 668,184 778,935 12,243 33.2931 0.846%
1978 1,458,850 674,246 784,604 11,219 33.563 0.769%
1979 1,468,656 679,368 789,288 8,391 33.7886 0.571%
1980 1,476,983 683,866 793,116 8,264 33.9802 0.56%
1981 1,485,768 688,577 797,192 9,307 34.1823 0.626%
1982 1,495,374 693,648 801,726 9,904 34.4033 0.662%
1983 1,505,714 699,079 806,634 10,775 34.6412 0.716%
1984 1,516,124 704,588 811,536 10,046 34.8807 0.663%
1985 1,525,782 709,734 816,048 9,270 35.1029 0.608%
1986 1,536,023 715,240 820,784 11,212 35.3385 0.73%
1987 1,547,706 721,625 826,080 12,153 35.6073 0.785%
1988 1,559,586 728,064 831,522 11,608 35.8806 0.744%
1989 1,568,047 732,843 835,205 5,315 36.0753 0.339%
1990 1,570,674 735,010 835,664 -62 36.1357 -0.004%
1991 1,565,627 733,113 832,514 -10,032 36.0196 -0.641%
1992 1,540,381 720,037 820,345 -40,459 35.4388 -2.627%
1993 1,504,436 701,700 802,735 -31,433 34.6118 -2.089%
1994 1,475,727 687,706 788,021 -25,984 33.9513 -1.761%
1995 1,452,775 676,410 776,365 -19,920 33.4233 -1.371%
1996 1,434,670 667,550 767,120 -16,290 33.0067 -1.135%
1997 1,421,490 661,395 760,095 -10,070 32.7035 -0.708%
1998 1,411,147 656,882 754,265 -10,617 32.4655 -0.752%
1999 1,403,498 653,843 749,656 -4,679 32.2896 -0.333%
2000 1,396,877 651,072 745,805 -8,565 32.1372 -0.613%
2001 1,387,995 646,666 741,328 -9,199 31.9329 -0.663%
2002 1,379,240 642,109 737,132 -8,310 31.7315 -0.603%
2003 1,370,660 637,713 732,948 -8,849 31.5341 -0.646%
2004 1,362,480 633,588 728,892 -7,511 31.3459 -0.551%
2005 1,354,662 629,810 724,852 -8,126 31.166 -0.6%
2006 1,346,709 626,080 720,630 -7,779 30.9831 -0.578%
2007 1,340,574 623,141 717,434 -4,491 30.8419 -0.335%
2008 1,337,011 621,673 715,338 -2,636 30.7599 -0.197%
2009 1,334,552 621,070 713,481 -2,283 30.7033 -0.171%
2010 1,331,535 620,267 711,268 -3,750 30.6339 -0.282%
2011 1,327,429 618,912 708,518 -4,462 30.5395 -0.336%
2012 1,322,682 617,151 705,531 -5,032 30.4303 -0.38%
2013 1,317,982 615,536 702,446 -4,369 30.3221 -0.331%
2014 1,314,526 614,636 699,890 -2,542 30.2426 -0.193%
2015 1,314,657 615,550 699,106 2,803 30.2456 0.213%
2016 1,315,926 617,150 698,775 -265 30.2748 -0.02%
2017 1,317,549 619,348 698,200 3,511 30.3122 0.266%
2018 1,322,148 623,400 698,747 5,687 30.418 0.43%
2019 1,327,039 627,494 699,545 4,094 30.5305 0.309%
2020 1,329,444 629,840 699,604 716 30.5858 0.054%
2021 1,328,701 630,170 698,530 -2,202 30.5687 -0.166%
2022 1,326,062 629,571 696,491 -3,076 30.508 -0.232%
2023 1,322,765 628,672 694,093 -3,517 30.4322 -0.266%
2024 1,319,041 627,570 691,471 -3,932 30.3465 -0.298%

Statements that can be derived from Estonia's population data

  • Estonia has a population of 1,319,041 people, as of July 1, 2024.
  • Estonia's population is equivalent to 0.02% of the total world population.
  • In 2024, Estonia's population will decrease with -3,932 people.
  • In 2024, 1,000 more people will emigrate from Estonia than immigrate to the country.
  • The median age of the population in Estonia is 42.14 years.
  • In Estonia there are 30.35 people per square kilometers (0.386102 square miles), if spaced out evenly.
  • 1.69 infants die at birth out of a 1000 new born in Estonia.
  • In Estonia, 627,570 of the total population are male, and 691,471 are female.

Future Population of Estonia (2024 - 2100)

Estonia's population is set to decrease in the future from 1,319,041 people to 835,708 people. A decrease of the population size by -24.17% from 2024 to 2100.

Year Total Male Female People +/- Density (p/kmยฒ) Growth Rate
2024 1,319,041 627,570 691,471 -3,932 30.3465 -0.298%
2025 1,314,900 626,263 688,637 -4,350 30.2512 -0.331%
2026 1,310,378 624,766 685,612 -4,694 30.1472 -0.358%
2027 1,305,538 623,112 682,426 -4,986 30.0358 -0.382%
2028 1,300,424 621,317 679,106 -5,243 29.9182 -0.403%
2029 1,295,047 619,381 675,666 -5,510 29.7945 -0.425%
2030 1,289,441 617,322 672,120 -5,702 29.6655 -0.442%
2031 1,283,666 615,169 668,496 -5,849 29.5326 -0.456%
2032 1,277,795 612,959 664,836 -5,892 29.3976 -0.461%
2033 1,271,864 610,708 661,157 -5,969 29.2611 -0.469%
2034 1,265,905 608,429 657,476 -5,950 29.124 -0.47%
2035 1,259,966 606,148 653,819 -5,927 28.9874 -0.47%
2036 1,254,066 603,876 650,191 -5,873 28.8517 -0.468%
2037 1,248,225 601,622 646,602 -5,811 28.7173 -0.466%
2038 1,242,444 599,383 643,061 -5,751 28.5843 -0.463%
2039 1,236,710 597,153 639,558 -5,715 28.4524 -0.462%
2040 1,230,997 594,922 636,075 -5,711 28.3209 -0.464%
2041 1,225,300 592,688 632,612 -5,684 28.1898 -0.464%
2042 1,219,594 590,432 629,162 -5,728 28.0586 -0.47%
2043 1,213,847 588,142 625,705 -5,766 27.9264 -0.475%
2044 1,208,044 585,812 622,231 -5,841 27.7928 -0.484%
2045 1,202,180 583,439 618,741 -5,885 27.658 -0.49%
2046 1,196,252 581,011 615,240 -5,973 27.5215 -0.499%
2047 1,190,246 578,520 611,726 -6,039 27.3834 -0.507%
2048 1,184,160 575,965 608,196 -6,131 27.2434 -0.518%
2049 1,177,982 573,336 604,646 -6,227 27.1012 -0.529%
2050 1,171,695 570,618 601,076 -6,346 26.9566 -0.542%
2051 1,165,300 567,816 597,484 -6,444 26.8095 -0.553%
2052 1,158,808 564,939 593,868 -6,540 26.6601 -0.564%
2053 1,152,224 561,986 590,237 -6,628 26.5086 -0.575%
2054 1,145,530 558,947 586,582 -6,761 26.3546 -0.59%
2055 1,138,706 555,810 582,896 -6,887 26.1976 -0.605%
2056 1,131,774 552,590 579,183 -6,977 26.0381 -0.616%
2057 1,124,727 549,286 575,442 -7,116 25.876 -0.633%
2058 1,117,555 545,890 571,666 -7,227 25.711 -0.647%
2059 1,110,300 542,434 567,865 -7,285 25.5441 -0.656%
2060 1,102,954 538,912 564,042 -7,406 25.3751 -0.671%
2061 1,095,532 535,330 560,202 -7,439 25.2043 -0.679%
2062 1,088,042 531,699 556,343 -7,540 25.032 -0.693%
2063 1,080,491 528,025 552,466 -7,563 24.8583 -0.7%
2064 1,072,907 524,324 548,583 -7,605 24.6838 -0.709%
2065 1,065,276 520,587 544,689 -7,656 24.5083 -0.719%
2066 1,057,633 516,840 540,794 -7,629 24.3324 -0.721%
2067 1,050,007 513,097 536,909 -7,623 24.157 -0.726%
2068 1,042,380 509,354 533,026 -7,632 23.9815 -0.732%
2069 1,034,755 505,610 529,145 -7,617 23.8061 -0.736%
2070 1,027,176 501,893 525,284 -7,541 23.6317 -0.734%
2071 1,019,647 498,202 521,445 -7,518 23.4585 -0.737%
2072 1,012,156 494,532 517,624 -7,465 23.2861 -0.738%
2073 1,004,718 490,895 513,822 -7,411 23.115 -0.738%
2074 997,322 487,288 510,034 -7,380 22.9449 -0.74%
2075 989,986 483,719 506,267 -7,292 22.7761 -0.737%
2076 982,734 480,200 502,533 -7,213 22.6092 -0.734%
2077 975,536 476,716 498,820 -7,182 22.4437 -0.736%
2078 968,407 473,269 495,138 -7,076 22.2796 -0.731%
2079 961,380 469,881 491,498 -6,979 22.118 -0.726%
2080 954,428 466,536 487,892 -6,923 21.958 -0.725%
2081 947,548 463,229 484,318 -6,838 21.7998 -0.722%
2082 940,777 459,979 480,798 -6,704 21.644 -0.713%
2083 934,131 456,792 477,340 -6,588 21.4911 -0.705%
2084 927,612 453,663 473,950 -6,449 21.3411 -0.695%
2085 921,225 450,594 470,632 -6,326 21.1942 -0.687%
2086 914,959 447,574 467,384 -6,206 21.05 -0.678%
2087 908,804 444,593 464,211 -6,105 20.9084 -0.672%
2088 902,777 441,664 461,112 -5,949 20.7697 -0.659%
2089 896,874 438,780 458,095 -5,855 20.6339 -0.653%
2090 891,066 435,928 455,139 -5,761 20.5003 -0.647%
2091 885,345 433,106 452,239 -5,682 20.3687 -0.642%
2092 879,708 430,310 449,398 -5,593 20.239 -0.636%
2093 874,136 427,538 446,598 -5,550 20.1108 -0.635%
2094 868,610 424,782 443,829 -5,502 19.9837 -0.633%
2095 863,132 422,044 441,088 -5,454 19.8576 -0.632%
2096 857,662 419,307 438,354 -5,487 19.7318 -0.64%
2097 852,192 416,572 435,620 -5,452 19.6059 -0.64%
2098 846,717 413,834 432,883 -5,498 19.48 -0.649%
2099 841,220 411,088 430,132 -5,495 19.3535 -0.653%
2100 835,708 408,346 427,363 -5,529 19.2267 -0.662%

Population Density of Estonia

Today, Estonia has a population density of 30.3465 people per square kilometer. The country has seen a change in density from 25.3549 people/kmยฒ since the 1950 to 30.3465 people/kmยฒ in 2024. In the future, Estonia is projected to reach a population density of 19.2267 people per square kilometer, by the year 2100.

Population Density of Estonia Between 1950 - 2100

View Detailed Population Density Data for Estonia

Growth Rate of Estonia's Population

The population growth rate of Estonia currently stands at -0.298% as of July 1, 2024. This is a decrease by 0.066 percentage points when compared to data from previous year. By 2024, the population growth rate of Estonia will decrease to -0.298%. If we look further into the future, we can see that Estonia's population growth is projected to land at a negative rate of -0.662% by the year 2100.

Population Growth Rate of Estonia Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Growth Rate
1950 1.315%
1960 1.235%
1970 0.908%
1980 0.56%
1990 -0.004%
2000 -0.613%
2010 -0.282%
2020 0.054%
Year Growth Rate
2030 -0.442%
2040 -0.464%
2050 -0.542%
2060 -0.671%
2070 -0.734%
2080 -0.725%
2090 -0.647%
2100 -0.662%
View Detailed Population Growth Rate Data for Estonia

Life Expectancy of Estonia

Today, Estonia has an average life expectancy of 79.4804 years of age. The country has seen a change in life expectancy from 67.0801 years since the 1950 to 79.4804 years in 2024. In the future, Estonia is projected to reach a population life expectancy of 89.3753 years of age, by the year 2100.

Life Expectancy of Estonia Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Life Expectancy (Age)
1950 67,080
1960 69,523
1970 69,869
1980 69,121
1990 69,831
2000 71,329
2010 75,748
2020 78,343
Year Life Expectancy (Age)
2030 80,459
2040 82,012
2050 83,358
2060 84,631
2070 85,864
2080 87,057
2090 88,231
2100 89,375
View Detailed Life Expectancy Data for Estonia

Migration to and from Estonia

In 2024 Estonia will see net migrations of -1,000 people. This means that 1,000 more people will emigrate from Estonia than immigrate to the country this year. A decrease of net migrations when compared to the previous year of 2022, when the net migrations of Estonia was -1,000.

Net Migration for Estonia Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Net Migration
1950 7,928
1960 7,627
1970 6,294
1980 4,505
1990 -2,798
2000 -3,230
2010 -3,759
2020 2,995
Year Net Migration
2030 -1,000
2040 -1,000
2050 -1,000
2060 -1,000
2070 -1,000
2080 -1,000
2090 -1,000
2100 -1,000
View Detailed Migration Data for Estonia

Births in Estonia

In 2024, Estonia will see 12,761 babies be born. That is a decrease when compared to the ammount of births recorded by Estonia in 2022, when the country saw 13,422 new borns.

Births Estonia Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Births
1950 20,272
1960 20,182
1970 21,251
1980 21,950
1990 22,229
2000 13,030
2010 15,804
2020 13,902
Year Births
2030 11,196
2040 11,328
2050 10,760
2060 9,237
2070 8,705
2080 8,287
2090 7,341
2100 6,748
View Detailed Birth Data for Estonia

Deaths in Estonia

In 2024, 15,696 people will die in Estonia. That is an increase of Estonia's death count when compared to 2022, when the country recorded 15,506 deaths.

Deaths Estonia Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Deaths
1950 13,713
1960 12,763
1970 15,175
1980 18,191
1990 19,497
2000 18,359
2010 15,800
2020 16,180
Year Births
2030 15,901
2040 16,035
2050 16,099
2060 15,636
2070 15,246
2080 14,205
2090 12,101
2100 11,272
View Detailed Death Data for Estonia

Median Age in Estonia

The median age of Estonia has been on an upward trend since the 1950's and it will continue well into the future. When the median age of Estonia will reach 50.7306 years of age, by the year 2100.

Median Age in Estonia Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Median Age
1950 28.9352
1960 31.0872
1970 32.6794
1980 32.7087
1990 33.3499
2000 37.0458
2010 39.2636
2020 41.3723
Year Median Age
2030 43.9972
2040 47.2816
2050 46.9353
2060 47.8052
2070 49.0096
2080 49.2461
2090 49.3042
2100 50.7306
View Detailed Median Age Data for Estonia

Fertility Rate in Estonia

The fertility rate of Estonia has been on a downward trend since the 1950's and it will continue well into the future. When the total fertility rate of Estonia will reach 1.6803 births per woman, by the year 2100.

Fertility Rate in Estonia Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Total Fertility Rate (births per woman)
1950 2.2876
1960 1.9829
1970 2.1686
1980 2.018
1990 2.0426
2000 1.3491
2010 1.7135
2020 1.677
Year Total Fertility Rate (births per woman)
2030 1.6687
2040 1.6729
2050 1.6691
2060 1.6747
2070 1.6768
2080 1.6671
2090 1.6711
2100 1.6803
View Detailed Fertility Rate Data for Estonia

Infant Mortality Rate in Estonia

The infant mortality rate is recorded as infant deaths under 1 year for every 1,000 live births. It gives us an insight into the maternal and infant health of Estonia while at the same time being an important marker for the overall health of the country. The infant mortality rate of Estonia has been on a positive downward trend since the 1950's when the infant mortality rate of the country was 31.5159. Today, Estonia has a much better infant mortality rate of 1.6882 infant deaths for every 1,000 live births. This is set to improve even further in the future when Estonia is projected to record an infant mortality rate of only 0.4787 infant deaths for every 1,000 live births, by the year 2100.

Infant Mortality Rate in Estonia Between 1950 - 2100 (10 Year Increments)

Year Infant Mortality Rate
1950 31.5159
1960 25.632
1970 20.3688
1980 20.7259
1990 13.8695
2000 10.0184
2010 4.0597
2020 1.5384
Year Infant Mortality Rate
2030 1.4427
2040 1.1309
2050 0.9432
2060 0.8093
2070 0.7038
2080 0.6138
2090 0.5404
2100 0.4787
View Detailed Infant Mortality Rate Data for Estonia

Data Information

Data found on this page is based on the medium fertility variant of the United Nations Revision of World Population Prospects 2022.

Data Sources

The United Nations - Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Population Division)

UN Revision of World Population Prospects 2022

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